Pre-Research: preparing to do research activities. For example, brainstorming keywords words about the topic, writing out search strategiesResearch: Choosing where to search and searching. – PASSWORD SLIPSEvaluating: doing critical thinking about the articles you’ve discovered in your research.
Yesterday we talked about briefly about different types of articles. What is a popular article.
Characteristics of a popular article. Popular articles and scholarly articles are evaluated a little bit differently. We’ll look at some criteria for popular articles and then move on to scholarly.
trustworthy source author’s credentials Is there an author? Is the page signed?Is the author qualified? An expert?Who is the sponsor?Is the sponsor of the page reputable? How reputable?Is there a link to information about the author or the sponsor?If the page includes neither a signature nor indicates a sponsor, is there any other way to determine its origin?evidence of quality control (grammar and spelling, editing)known or respected authority organizational support
up to datefactual detailed, exact, comprehensiveaudience and purpose reflect intentions of completeness and accuracyIs the purpose for:Advocacy or “soapbox” (tries to persuade).Informational (often has multiple viewpoints and references).Business or marketing (tries to sell).Entertainment.
fair balanced objectivereasonedno conflict of interestabsence of fallacies or slanted toneIs there any advertising on the page?**is the article attempting to stir to your emotions or your intellect?
Does the author provide references that support the claim?
What this all leads up to is CARS. A simple way of applying examining information.
If all else fails, apply the smell test. If it smells bad, it probably is bad.
Look at DHMO page, evaluate. – passes cars, fails smell testRead the article from KIRO about Monkeys and evaluate.
What are scholarly articles? What are other names for them?
Characteristics of a scholarly article.That brings usto your assignment. IN YOUR GROUPS:Share the 2-3 criteria you wrote after reading the homework about what you need to do to evaluate a scholarly article. Or brainstorm more. Pick 2 criteria to share with the class and write them on the board.
Is the article from a peer reviewed journal? (WHAT IS A PR Journal and how do you find out?)Are any conflicts of interest stated? (WHERE DO YOU FIND THAT?)Is there a reference list and how complete is it? (HOW DO YOU KNOW IF IT IS COMPLETE?) Questions: Looking at the questions on the whiteboard and the three specific to Biotech, how long would it take to evaluate a paper? Is this step you should skimp on? Why not?
Evaluate a scientific article using the three BioTech criteria. What happens when you use information from a scientific article without evaluating the article first?
BioTech BiblioBytes September 2012
Evaluating Research Ethics Pre- ResearchThe Research Cycle
Intended for wide audience (general population) Short articles that are not signed (no author) Non-technical, simple writing style Focus on current events, popular topics Usually published daily, weekly or monthlyPopular Articles
Goal: An authoritative source, a source that supplies some good evidence that allows you to trust it.Credibility
Goal: A source that is correct today (not yesterday), a source that gives the whole truth.Accuracy
Goal: A source that engages the subject thoughtfully and reasonably, concer ned with the truth.Reliability
Goal: A source that provides convincing evidence for the claims made, a source you can triangulate (find at least two other sources that support it).Supportability
C.A.R.S. CredibilityGuidelines for Accuracy Reliabilityevaluating sources. SupportabilityC.A.R.S. Source:Harris, Robert. "Evaluating Internet Research Sources.“ VirtualSalt. 17Nov. 1997. 17 Oct 2000 <http://www.virtualsalt.com/evalu8it.htm>.
Intended for limited audience (academic audience) Written by scholars in the field and are usually signed articles (not anonymous) More complex writing style Main purpose is to report on original research Published bi-monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annuallyScholarly Articles
Is the article from a peer reviewed journal? Are any conflicts of interest stated? Is a reference list provided?BioTech Criteria
1) Evaluate using the BioTech criteria: 1) Is the article from a peer reviewed journal? 2) Are any conflicts of interest stated? 3) Is there a reference list and how complete is it?2) Evaluate using an additional two questions from the whiteboard.