The Finnish
Legal Profession
of Advocates
Who is an advocate?
An advocate is an experienced lawyer specialised
in handling legal matters of his clients. Only a
memb...
Advocates in numbers
• There are ca. 2,000 advocates.
• Of the about 200 public legal aid attorneys 100 are
advocates.
• O...
What is the mission of the profession?
• An advocate is a guarantee for a state
governed by rule of law.
A constitutional ...
What is the vision of the profession?
• Everyone has confidence in advocates.
Both private and corporate clients perceive
...
Advocates’ activity
rests on five core values
•
•
•
•
•

Loyalty
Independence
Avoidance of conflicts of interest
Confident...
Finnish Bar Association
The aims of the Finnish Bar Association are
• to regulate and supervise advocates’ activity
• to a...
What does the Bar Association do? (1/2)
• Regulates and supervises advocates’ activity:
The law requires advocates to act ...
What does the Bar Association do? (2/2)
• Trains and supports advocates: The Bar provides the
advocates with substantial a...
Advocates are effectively supervised*
•
•
•
•

511 new supervisory matters and fee disputes
Disciplinary Board issued 487 ...
Independent Disciplinary Board
• The Disciplinary Board carries an independent
responsibility for the disciplinary process...
Contact us!
Finnish Bar Association’s office
• Ms. Minna Melender, Secretary General
+358 9 6866 1212
• Ms. Pirkko Kivikar...
www.barassociation.fi
Finnish Bar Association
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Finnish Bar Association

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An advocate is an experienced lawyer specialised in handling legal matters of his clients. Only a member of the Bar Association is allowed to use the professional title ”advocate”.

There are ca. 2,000 advocates in Finland.

The aims of the Finnish Bar Association are to regulate and supervise advocates’ activity, to advance the quality of legal services, to train and support advocates and to advance legislation.

The Finnish Bar Association is a statutory body whose activities are regulated by the Advocates Act. The Bar is not a registered association, a trade union or an entrepreneurs union.

Presentation updated 21 Feb 2014.

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Finnish Bar Association

  1. 1. The Finnish Legal Profession of Advocates
  2. 2. Who is an advocate? An advocate is an experienced lawyer specialised in handling legal matters of his clients. Only a member of the Bar Association is allowed to use the professional title ”advocate”. An advocate is a safe choice for solving legal issues. The quality of the legal services is continuously developed and monitored.
  3. 3. Advocates in numbers • There are ca. 2,000 advocates. • Of the about 200 public legal aid attorneys 100 are advocates. • Of the advocates 28 % are women, 72 % men. • Yearly about 130 new advocates enter the profession. • In addition to the advocates there are ca. 600 lawyers working in the law offices. • The number of law offices is about 800
  4. 4. What is the mission of the profession? • An advocate is a guarantee for a state governed by rule of law. A constitutional state requires an independent legal profession of advocates who offers highquality legal services to both private and corporate clients.
  5. 5. What is the vision of the profession? • Everyone has confidence in advocates. Both private and corporate clients perceive advocates as proficient providers of legal services. The society acknowledges the significant role of the advocates as contributers to advancing legislation. Being part of the profession is valued and experienced as advantageous.
  6. 6. Advocates’ activity rests on five core values • • • • • Loyalty Independence Avoidance of conflicts of interest Confidentiality Personal integrity These core values are stated in The rules of proper professional conduct. Obeying these rules is efficiently monitored.
  7. 7. Finnish Bar Association The aims of the Finnish Bar Association are • to regulate and supervise advocates’ activity • to advance the quality of legal services • to train and support advocates and • to advance legislation. The Finnish Bar Association is a statutory body whose activities are regulated by the Advocates Act. The Bar is not a registered association, a trade union or an entrepreneurs union.
  8. 8. What does the Bar Association do? (1/2) • Regulates and supervises advocates’ activity: The law requires advocates to act according to the rules of proper professional conduct. The Bar defines the contents of the proper professional conduct independently and supervises the activity of advocates. Dissatisfied clients may make a complaint against an advocate to the Bar Association’s Disciplinary Board free of charge. The Bar accepts only experienced lawyers as advocates. The professional title “advocate” may be used only by members of the Bar. • Advances the quality of legal services: The Bar ensures highquality legal service all over Finland provided by advocates to
  9. 9. What does the Bar Association do? (2/2) • Trains and supports advocates: The Bar provides the advocates with substantial amount of training. An annual quote of training hours is required of advocates and the fullfillment of this requirement is controlled. The Bar supports the advocates’ professional activity for example by sharing information about best practices. • Advances legislation: Advocates are actively participating in the developing of legislation as members of working groups and by drafting expert’s opinions. The aim of the Bar’s activity in this respect is to advance the general judicature and the rule of law in Finland.
  10. 10. Advocates are effectively supervised* • • • • 511 new supervisory matters and fee disputes Disciplinary Board issued 487 decisions Average duration of the process was 7 months 13 days 32 % of the complaints led to a disciplinary sanction: • • • • 88 reprimands (70 %) 29 cautions (23 %) 2 monetary penalties 2 disbarments • 17 % of the fee disputes led to a recommendation about a fee reduction *Key figures of 2013
  11. 11. Independent Disciplinary Board • The Disciplinary Board carries an independent responsibility for the disciplinary process. • 12 members of which 5 are not members of the Bar • Non-members of the Bar are persons attending to a judicial office or working within jurisprudential research as well as representatives of the licenced jurists • Convenes in pleanary sessions and four divisions • An advocate has the right to appeal against the decision of the Disciplinary Board to the Helsinki Court of Appeal.
  12. 12. Contact us! Finnish Bar Association’s office • Ms. Minna Melender, Secretary General +358 9 6866 1212 • Ms. Pirkko Kivikari, Deputy Secretary General +358 9 6866 1213 • Mr. Janne Laukkanen, Head of Development & Communications • Ms. Johanna Kainulainen, Communications Expert • Ms. Heidi Enne, Communications Officer Tel: +358 9 6866 120 web: www.barassociation.fi Email: info@barassociation.fi +358 9 6866 1225 +358 9 6866 1233 +358 9 6866 1221
  13. 13. www.barassociation.fi

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