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Cies 2014 ppt

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  • 1. CORPORAL PUNISHMENT IS BANNED IN SCHOOLS? STATUS OF GLOBAL MOVEMENT TO OUTLAW THE PRACTICE Ashwini Tiwari Roger Shouse The Pennsylvania State University
  • 2. Discrepancies in the use of corporal punishment • 140 countries have signed United Nation’s Convention on Child Rights (UNCRC). • Remained an universal phenomenon- 76 countries have no law. • Definition and validity of corporal punishment is debated by researchers/policy makers.
  • 3. Cultural factors of corporal punishment • Collectivist belief on students’ discipline. • Personal experiences and philosophies of teachers. • Use of judicious corporal punishment. • Residual religious beliefs and colonial heritage.
  • 4. Organizational factors of corporal punishment • Local vs. National/International: Teachers’ authority trumps laws. • Use of corporal punishment as a humiliating motivational tool for tests. • Uncertainty regarding alternative strategies. • Maintenance of school decorum.