Border management
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Border management

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Border management Border management Presentation Transcript

  • BORDER MANAGEMENT
    • SCOPE
    • AGENCIES
    • ISSUES
    ...to meet the common challenge of facilitating the movement of legitimate people and goods while maintaining secure borders and meeting national legal requirements.
  • Border with Pakistan – 3323 kms Border with Afghanistan – 106 kms Border with China – 3488 kms Border with Nepal – 1751 kms Border with Myanmar – 3323 kms Border with Bangladesh – 4096.7 kms Coastline – 7516.6 kms Border with Bhutan – 699 kms Source:
    • Annual report of the MHA 2007-08. Ch III, pg 28
    • http://indiaonline.in/Profile/Defense/InternalSecurity/index.aspx
    INDIA's National Boundaries Islands - 1197 with 2094 km additional coastline.
  • CONCERNED AGENCIES
    • MEA – Diplomatic front
    • MOD – Defence against aggression and border management of disputed areas (LC & CFL).
      • Indian Army – land (J&K, Himachal, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, West Bengal, Arunachal)
      • IAF - air
      • Coast Guard & IN - sea
    • MHA – Defence of IB, IS
      • IB with Pakistan & Bangladesh – BSF
      • IB with China – ITBP
      • IB with Nepal – SSB
      • IB in NE with China, Myanmar – Assam & Manipur Rifles
  • India's Coast Guard
  • Border States of India Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal West Bengal.
  • ISSUES
    • Security of the Border
      • Border Fence, roads, infrastructure, fencing, floodlighting, defenses
      • High tech surveillance
      • Piracy
      • Migration
      • Smuggling
      • Trade & Transit
      • Water
  • Fencing & floodlighting constructed along Indo-Pakistan border
  • Guarding a high-tech secirity fence
  • ISSUES
    • Maritime security
      • India's maritime boundary
      • UNCLOS
      • EEZ
      • Piracy
      • Fishing, poaching & smuggling
      • Belligerent naval threats
      • “Ring around India” view
  • ISSUES
    • Cartographic aggression
      • Pakistan
        • Maps
        • Mountaineering expeditions
        • Ceded territory in J&K to China
      • China
        • Maps
        • Visa issues
        • Water problems
      • Bangladesh
        • New Moore Island
  • The Jammu & Kashmir Issue
  • Border Area Development Program
    • MHA Initiative, National level Empowered Committee, under the g uidelines framed by the Planning Commission from 7 th Plan (1985-1990) onwards.
    • Covers 358 border blocks of 94 districts of seventeen (17) States.
    • Objective - to meet the special developmental needs of the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the International border.
    • Schemes:
      • construction/maintenance of roads,
      • Water supply, education, sports,
      • filling gaps in infrastructure, security,
      • organisation of early childhood care and education centre, education for physically handicapped and backward sections, etc.