LETTER OF INVITATION:: DEAR DELEATES, Welcome to the 2011 SSN Youth Parliamentary Conference!! The SSN Youth parliamentary Conference, or SSNYPC as we refer to it, is a hypothetical simulation of an agenda based parliamentary discussion. It was designed with the ‘mandate’ to provide students with the opportunity to explore and debate the crucial and most vital issues that India faces today in a competitive environment. SSNYPC promises to be one of the most challenging events you will ever participate in –working not only your levels of intellect, but your debating, deliberating and collaboration skills as well.
ABOUT THE SSNYPC:: The SSNYPC – the first of its kind in Chennai promises to set the bar high in terms of sheer quality of debate and discussion in its first edition itself. The new agendas with interesting topics will ensure a high level of debate with extensive qualitative and substantive support from secretariat staff in form of well researched study guides which will also cater to the participants. The focus of the SSNYPC is on intense and solid debate with a view to generating real solutions on the porblems prevalent in India today. It was designed with the ‘mandate’ to provide students with the opportunity to the intricacies of Politics in a competitive environment. SSNYPC promises to be one of the most challenging events you will ever participate in –working not only your levels of intellect, but your debating, deliberating and collaboration skills as well.The SSNYPC promises to be the best collegiate youth conference in Chennai in terms of background preparation, committee sessions and quality of debate as well as the prize money.
INTRODUCTION TO THE AGENDA THE AGENDA FOR THE PURPOSE OF DISCUSSION IS INTERLINKING OF RIVERS AND THE FOLLOWING PAGES PROVIDE THE COMPLETE ANALYSIS OF THE AGENDA SO THAT THE DELEGATE IS ABLE TO ESTABLISH A FIRM GROUND ON HIS/HER STATE’S POLICY WITH THAT AGENDA.THE DELEGATE. PLEASE ENJOY READING THE STUDY GUIDE AND WE ARE EXCITED INSEEING YOU ALL AT THE SSNYPC 2011!!
INTERLINKING OF RIVERS:: INTRODUCTION:: NOW-A-DAYS it is hard to fine fresh water due to the increase in population , industrial and agricultural needs and which effectively lead to the contamination of water resources. By 2020 global population is expected to reach upto7.9 billion and India being the second most populated country in the world is expected to undergo water shortage all the more densely in the upcoming years.
INTERLINKING OF RIVERS:: The country receives about 4000km^3 of water every year and due to different precipitation patterns and mismanagement , the result is of acute water shortage in many parts of the country. In this view, the interlinking of Indian rivers is a very ambitious project and hence is under our topic of discussion for the conference.
GENERAL FACTS:: River Boards Act 1956 Inter-state Water Disputes Act 2002 National Water Policy 2002 ( the details of the above acts and policies are to be known for the ease of discussion in the debate)
INDIA’S EXPERIENCE IIN THE PAST::EVENTS OF CONTROVERSY The following are the conflicts:: 1). Ravi-Beas conflict 2). The Cauvery dispute 3). Krishna-Godavari water dispute
RAVI-BEAS CONFLICT:: With the construction of the Hansi-Butanacanal by the Haryana government, to arbitrarily draw water from the Sutlej-Beas rivers; the water issue acquired a new dimension in already complicated disputes between Punjab and Haryana. Haryana had dug a 109km long canal with a cost of Rs.260 crores . It was ready for use, but its functioning was stalled by the Supreme Court of India, entertaining a Special Leave Petition from the Punjab government and referred the case to Central Water Commission for examination.
RAVI-BEAS CONFLICT:: Haryana had put logic that it would draw its own share of water from Bhakhra Main Line and not encroach upon the water rights of neighbouring states. But it seemed to be a ploy to construct an alternative canal till final decision on Sutlej Yamuna Link (popularly known as SYL) was arrived at. The Supreme Court has already decided in favour of Haryana to complete the SYL.
RAVI-BEAS CONFLICT:: A sea change had occurred than the conditions of agriculture needs of Punjab on the eve of reorganization. Eighty-three percent of all arable land of Punjab had come under cultivation and it is not possible to bring more area under tilling. Cultivable land under irrigation had been increased from 70 % in 1971 to 95% in 2001-02. Number of bore wells had increased to 0.95 million from 0.19 million during the same period. Number of diesel and electricity run pump sets was 0.10 million and 0.09 million respectively. This number was increased to 0.17 million and 0.77 million in 2002.
THE CAUVERY WATER DISPUTE:: The sharing of waters of the river Kaveri had been the bone of contention of a serious conflict between the Indian states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu . The genesis of this disparity, itself, lies in two controversial agreements, one signed in 1892 and another in 1924, between the Madras Presidency and the Princely State of Mysore.
THE CAUVERY WATER DISPUTE:: The state of Karnataka felt that it has not got its due share of water utilization viva vis Tamil Nadu. Karnataka claimed that these agreements were skewed heavily in favour of the Madras Presidency, and has since demanded a renegotiated settlement based on "equitable sharing of the waters". Tamil Nadu, on the other hand, pleaded that it had already developed almost 3,000,000 acres (12,000 km2) of land and as a result has come to depend very heavily on the existing pattern of usage. Any change in this pattern, it says, will adversely affect the livelihood of millions of farmers in the state.
THE CAUVERY WATER DISPUTE:: Decades of negotiations between the parties bore no fruit. The Government of India then constituted a tribunal in 1990 to look into the matter. After hearing arguments of all the parties involved for the last 16 years, the tribunal delivered its final verdict on 5 February 2007. In its verdict, the tribunal allocated 419 billion ft³ (12 km³) of water annually to Tamil Nadu and 270 billion ft³ (7.6 km³) to Karnataka; 30 billion ft³ (0.8 km³) of Kaveri river water to Kerala and 7 billion ft³ (0.2 km³) to Puducherry. The dispute however, seems far from over with all four states deciding to file review petitions seeking clarifications and possible renegotiation of the order.