State symposium jharkhand 2009

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State symposium jharkhand 2009

  1. 1. Organized by: SPWD Supported by:(Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development) SIR DORABJI TATA TRUST, (SDTT), MUMBAI 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION SPWD INTRODUCTION SPWDSociety for promotion of wastelands development (SPWD), a national level NGOsince its inception in 1982 has been playing a catalytic role in reversing theprocess of degradation of land and other related natural resources in partnershipwith NGOs and grassroots institutions. The society’s mission is “to prevent arrestand reverse degradation of life support system, particularly land water, so as toexpand livelihoods opportunities in a sustainable and equitable manner throughpeople’s participation”. SPWD has a vast body of cumulative experience andknowledge of various facets of Natural resource management (NRM), livelihoodand environmental issues across the country, built up over the years. It is vibrantorganization with vast experiences of human resources drawn from variousfields of forestry, social sciences, rural development, development research,engineering and management. The key personnel have experience of working onNRM and livelihoods project for partners such as Department for InternationalDevelopment (DFID), SWISS Development Agency for cooperation (SDC), SirDorabji Tata Trust and Ford Foundation etc. During the last twenty five years ofits existences SPWD has worked in collaborative projects with over eighty localvoluntary agencies, across 17 states in 11 agro climatic zones of India. SPWD hasa vast experience of handling consultancy assignments and project on NRMbased livelihoods. 3
  3. 3. SPWD IN JHARKHAND SPWD IN JHARKHANDIn Jharkhand, SPWD is currently working on the issue of food security bypromoting the method of Paddy cultivation through System of Rice Cultivation(SRI) with the support of SDTT. The productivity of paddy, the principle cropranges from 0.8t/h to 2.2 t/ha. The yield for the year 2006-07 was 1.68t/h. Theper- capita net production of cerealsfor India is 523 gms/day. Whereas inJharkhand the per capita production is230gms/day, which is lower thanBihar per-capita availability of318.40gms/day. The productivity ofcereals and oilseed is also below thenational average. These all demandsinterventions to increase theproductivity of major crops like paddy and wheat.SPWD is implementing the SRI promotion programmes in 13 districts (25Development blocks and 134 villages) of Shorthand through 18 partners. The SRIprogramme was implemented in three agro-climatic zones of the state:• Zone -1 (Ranchi Region) – Agro- climatic sub- zone v (western Plateau):covered districts are Ranchi, Lohardaga, Gumla and Palamu.• Zone-2 (santhal Pargana Region): Agro-climatic sub –zone IV (central andnorth-eastern Plateau Zone): covered districts are Deoghar, Dumka, Jamtara,Pakur, Godda, Sahebganj. 4
  4. 4. • Zone-3(East singbhum, West Singbhum and Saraikela Kharsawan):Agroclimatic sub zone VI: Covered districts are Saraikela kharsawan, eastsingbhum, west singbhum) SRI EXPERIENCE SHARING WORKSHOP SRI EXPERIENCE SHARING WORKSHOPTo strengthen the process of System of Rice cultivation (SRI) and to expand thetechnique of SRI in other areas of Jharkhand a two days state level experiencesharing workshop was organized by SPWD at Ranchi Jharkhand. A goodnumber of NGOs’ from different district participated in this workshop. Objectives of the workshopThe objectives of the workshop were:• Share experiences of partner NGOs on SRI and explore the potentialityand hurdles in the promotion of SRI.• To organize all NGOs, involved in SRI work under one umbrella andplatform.• To develop coordination between all NGOs, working for SRI promotion.• To make future action plan for expansion of SRI technique in other part ofthe state and also pilot SRI technique on other food grains like Garma paddy andwheat etc. Major Proceedings of Day One• Registration of the participants.• Welcome note by Mr. Pran Ranjan, SPWD• Brief introduction session by Mr. Ram Lal Prasad 5
  5. 5. • Formal innauguration of the workshop by honorable chief guestNABARD C.G.M. Mr. K.C. Sashidhar• Opening session by all chairpersons. Welcome note by Mr. Pran Ranjan Welcome note by Mr. Pran RanjanThe workshop began at 11 a.m. and Mr. Pran Ranjan while welcoming all chairpersons and participants on behalf of SPWD, invited Mr. Ram Lal Prasad toanchor the proceedings of the meeting.Mr. Ram Lal Prasad welcomed all participantsincluding the key spokesperson and differentorganizational head by offering bouquet. Lighting aDeepak symbolized the formal inauguration of theworkshop by the honorable chief guest Mr K.C.Sashidhar.After the welcome address Mr. Ram Lal communicated the significance of foodsecurity and how surplus food production will secure livelihood for ruralcommunity in Jharkhand. He said that this workshop will go a long way to helpall NGOs in sharing their experiences about SRI work and we are hopeful that atthe end of the workshop, we will come out with strategy for replicating ourexperiences on SRI to whole of Jharkhand. 6
  6. 6. Inaugural Session Inaugural Session Presentation by Guests on session –I Presentation by Guests on session –I Mr. Sharat SinghMr. Sharat singh from SPWD spoke at length about the objectives and significanceof the workshop. He narrated his experiences about SPWD work on SRI, throughpower point presentation. He said that SPWD is currently working, on SRItechnique in Jharkhnad in the three agro climatic sub zones, covering 13 districtswith 18 NGO’s partners and reaching out to 1664farmers covering about 647 acres of land. SPWDworks with a mission to prevent degradation of lifesupport system particularly land & water, so as toexpand livelihood opportunity in sustainablemanner through people participation.The SPWD’s main focus are -- Natural resource management, promotion oflivelihoods, development of different institution and capacity building of NGOs,action research, documentation and dissemination of the information andadvocacy of these issues at state and national level.He said that the topography of Jharkhand is undulating and only 10% of the totalland has irrigation system. The average rainfall in Jharkhand is 1400 mm. SPWDis working particularly with medium up land and medium land and also little biton up land and low land for promotion of SRI in Jharkhand last year. Thepercentage of small and marginal farmers is more then 80% of the total farmers.And food security (round the year) is a major problem for them. The majorchallenges for the farmer’s of Jharkhnad is irrigation and poor access to credit 7
  7. 7. facilities. 8
  8. 8. Coverage details:SL.. Name of the Operating Target Achieved Area of Area of agency district farmer farmer Coverage Coverage (nos.) (nos.) Target Achieved (in acres) (in acres)ZONE I- Ranchi1 Lohardaga Lohardaga 150 154 60 47 Gram Swarajya Sansthan, Lohardaga2 Arouse Society, Gumla 120 105 60 52 Gumla3 Srijan Ranchi 157 117 81 48 foundation, Hazaribag4 Sampurna Palamu 120 185 60 82 Gram Vikas Kendra, PalamuZONE II- SanthalPargana5 Lok Prerna, Deoghar , 250 258 60 59.46 Deoghar Dumka6 Lok Jagriti Deoghar 150 59 60 30 Kendra, Madhupur (Deoghar)7 Bhartiye Manav Pakur 120 108 60 48 Vikas Sewa Sahebganj Sansthan, Deoghar8 Chetna Vikas, Dumka 250 242 60 59.35 Deoghar9 Lok Deep, Jamtara 120 135 60 40 Deoghar10 Lok Kalyan Pakur 30 30 15 18 Seva Kendra, Pakur11 SATHEE, Godda 124 83 60 55 GoddaZONE – III (Singhbhum Zone)12 Technology East 30 30 15 18 9
  9. 9. Resource singbhum Communication and Service Centre, Jamshedpur13 Shikshit West 30 18 15 12 Berozgar Mahila Singbhum samity, Ghutusai (Chaibasa)14 Shramajivi West 30 30 15 15 Mahila Samity , sigbhum Jamshedpur15 Singbhum Gram East 30 30 15 15 Unnayan Singbhum Mahila Samity, Chakulia, (East Singhbhum)16 Sahayogi Saraikela - 30 30 15 16.2 Mahila, kharsawan Rajnagar (Saraikela- Kharsawan)17 Indira Adivasi West 30 30 15 15 Mahila Vikas singbhum Samity, West Singhbhum18 PRAVAT, East 30 20 14 8.5+8.5* Purulia singbhumTotal 18 partners 13 1801 1664 740 647N.B- * In Manbazar block of Purulia district, West BengalHe then discussed about the various features of intervention of SRI method ofpaddy cultivation in Jharkhand- SRI method has been followed in three categories hybrid, high yieldingand traditional varieties- It has also been practiced in areas having problematic soils e.g acidiccondition- In the state of Jharkhand since the topography is undulating watermostly flows from field to field. Therefore the farmers suggested that instead ofconstructing channels all around the field, opening and closing of inflow-outflowpoints on the field bunds can be used for alternate wetting and drying- SRI method promoted among the santhals 10
  10. 10. - In various project villages of Palamu, Lohardaga, Godda and WestSinghbhum districts the Women are taking the lead role to take this method tothe field- Taken up with marginal farmersSPWD provided technical and handholding support to the farmers, forpromotion of SRI in association with different partners in different districts ofjharkhand. According to Mr. Singh SRI technique is facing some sort of challengedue to rain fed conditionality od land in jharkhand.Mr. Singh then shared the morphological feature of paddy growth and the yieldwhich was obtained from the swarna variety of paddy in different agroclimaticsubzone of jharkhand in last year’s implementation of SRI in different district ofJharkhand.Agroclimatic sub zone IV: Santhal ParganaVariety: SwarnaSl.no Description Quantity1 Average no. of tillers/hill 70-75 tillers2 Average no. of plants in 1*1sq.m.area 12-16 plants3 Average no of tillers in 1*1sq.m.area 1120-12004 Minimum no of tillers per hill 585 Maximum no. of tillers per hill 976 Average no of panicles per hill 30-357 Average no of panicles in 1*1 sq.m area 450-5508 Minimum no. panicles per hill 239 Maximum no of panicles in 1*1sq.m.area 5410 Average height of a plant 44 inches11 Average length of panicles 28 cm12 Average no. of grains (filled) in a panicles 242-27213 Average no. of khakhari in a panicles 22-3614 Average weight of grains per hill 80-90 gm15 Average no of grain per hill 5124-606216 Average weight of 1000 grains 19gm17 Average weight of straw per hill 135-155gm18 Average weight of straw/1*1 sq.m area 2-2.5kg19 Average yield per decimal 44-54 kg20 Average yield per acre 44-54 quintals21 Average yield per hectare 110-135 quintal/11- (13.5 ton) 11
  11. 11. Agro climatic subzone: VLohardaga experience:Variety: SwarnaSl.No Description(per square meter) Quantity1 Average number of tillers 452-5432 Average number of panicles 400-4503 Average wt of grain in gm per square meter 1380-1456 gm4 Average yield per acre 55.2- 58.24 quintal per acreAgro climatic sub zone VI:Variety: Swarna Particulars Traditional Paddy SRI Paddy Age of seedling during 28 - 38 17-Sep transplantation (Days) Length of seedling (Inch) 19-Jun 2.5 – 4 inch Leaf during transplantation (Nos) 5-Apr 2 – 4 inch Plant to plant and row to row Haphazardly Mainly 25cm X 25cm. distance Seed treatment Optional Must Average no of tillers per hill during 22-Aug 30 – 90 tillering Plant height (Inch) 28 - 45 32 – 48 Particulars Traditional Paddy SRI Paddy Length of root (Inch) 2 – 3.5 6 – 8.8 No of panicles per hill 16-Apr 22 – 75 Height of panicles (Inch) 8-May 9-Jun No of field grain in each panicle 80 - 165 145 – 240 No of chaffs in each panicle 25 - 48 15 – 42 Average production (Qt/acre) 8.7 – 18.7 17.5-30 12
  12. 12. He also discussed about the yield in different variety of paddy. Someindigenious variety like sikki nenhia, gerua muri and other improved variety likelalat. In all these variety the yield has been doubled though there were variouslimitations in following all the principle of SRI paddy cultivation.He also emphasized on the problem which was faced during the implementationof the SRI method of paddy cultivation during the kharif season due to theirregularity of rainfall and also on the complete drying of the paddy field.Moreover during the milking stage due to non availability of water there hasbeen effect in the yield. Initially there has been problem to change the mindset ofthe farmers. Inadequate availability of organic compost and the quality ofcompost was also one of the problem faced by the farmers. Some of the fieldswere not properly leveled. It has been found that in many cases the field levelingleaves certain pockets within the field that does not drain out completely. Thiswas due to the leveling equipments that are in use presently. It has also beenobserved that the SRI fields where a spacing of 10inches was maintained, only 2mechanical weeding (cono weeder/ Japanese weeder) is possible whereas infields where 1 feet spacing has been maintained 3 or more than 3 weeding ispossible. Its effect on the productivity will have to be ascertained. With all theseMr. Singh concluded by saying that though there were problems but the resultwas entertaining and the yield almost doubled by practicing this method ofpaddy cultivation. After Mr. Singh’s presentation a small introduction session was called by Mr.Ram Lal. In this session all participants gave a brief introduction about theirorganization’s and experience on SRI technique. 13
  13. 13. Dr. B.N Singh, Director Research, BAU1, RanchiDr. B.N singh in the introduction session said thatBirsa Agriculture University has been involved inseveral researches on SRI technique. They are alsodisseminating the information on SRI techniques.BAU is also providing training and front linedemonstration in several villages with the help of NGOs on SRI.According to Mr. Singh “Shankar Dhan” seed Variety is suitable for SRIcultivation because production is high and seed cost is also less. According tohim, how to improve the production and productivity should be the mainconcern for all farmers, NGOs and GOs. Prof. Dr. T.M. Thiyagarajan Ex-Director Agriculture Tamilnadu Agriculture University Dr. T. N Thiyagrajan, Director Agriculture, Tamilnadu Agriculture University has been playing a crucial role in SRI cultivation, since 2000 in the state of Tamilnadu. In his introduction he brought the under mentioned points to the house:-• According to him, at the beginning stage the acceptability of SRItechniques was low, but after different field proven example SRI is now in topagenda of Tamilnadu government, covering 7.5 lakhs hectare of land. Toady theproduction of rice under SRI has shoot up to 14 tones per hectare.• Today all electronic media are also projecting SRI in their programmes.• SRI technique is working as an effective tool for water conservation inTamilnadu.1 Birsa Agriculture University, Kanke, Ranchi 14
  14. 14. • SRI beneficiaries should be marginal farmers, because this techniqueengaged all the family members of marginal farmers, saving the cost ofproduction.• SRI technique is only increasing the yield but also preventing the wastageof seed and lowering the labour cost. Thus seed saved through this technique isproviding food for one month to the needy farmers.• Due to SRI technique farmers can easily bye the seed because the quantityof seed used in this technique is less.• Weeding is also easy in this technique.• SRI motivating the farmers to adopt a new technique and thus injecting theelement of experiment and research at field level in their mind. The result is thatthey are coming with valid and authentic information. Mr. Arbind KumarMr. Arbind another spokesman, mentioned that inJharkahnd, our politician has not been convincedwith the SRI technique as yet. He put stress onexpansion of this technique in all parts of Jharkhandwith one aim of food security. At present theproduction of food grains in Jharkhnad is 24 lakhs MT i.e. just half of therequired food grains.Jharkhand is divided into three agro climatic zone and 33%-42% lands areuncultivable in this zone. In Jharkhand plenty of water is available but attentionis not being paid to preserve and store water .Due to runoff water top soilerosion is also taking place in Jharkhnad.In Jharkhand, the acceptability of SRI amongst farmers was slow at thebeginning. But after some successful case story, the acceptability of this SRI hasincreased but still have to go a long way to keep it in practice by the currentfarmers and also to replicate it with other farmers. 15
  15. 15. The farmers of Jharkhand had some delusion regarding the SRI technique. Theythought that seed was the main factor for high yield. Now it is high time toremove this delusion from the mind of the farmers of Jharkhnad and emphasizethat it the simple technique, which is doing the miracle. Mr. Viren Lobo, ED, SPWDMr. Viren Lobo, Executive Director, SPWD, raised some important issue withregard to SRI and their implementation in Jharkhnad.• He said that, due to SRI cultivation yield has been increasing in Jharkahndand SPWD is keeping an eye on these changes.• He pointed out that there should a thorough investigation on the factabout suitability of different kinds of seed to different kind of lands. For this heemphasized the necessity of correct situational and locational specific researchfor SRI. • He stated that due to SRI cultivationpaddy yield has increased up-to 50% and it is a matterof investigation that how it is going to affect the livelihoods of farmers? What are the livelihood opportunities available for farmers within thevillage and how to address the migration issue with food security is also animportant aspect of SRI. He stressed the need for more research with regard tothis issue. SRI will provide another supplement of livelihoods to farmers.• SRI is to play an important role in the Food security. If we can ascertain arough estimate of the yields of a particular type of land,the concerned farmermay be suggested a supplement livelihood.• He also discussed about the water conservation in Jharkhand. Due to tubewell irrigation ground water level is going down every day. SPWD is caringmuch to maintain the ground water table. SRI is linked with this vital issue. Hegave emphasis to develop a holistic understanding of food security in Jharkhand. 16
  16. 16. Shri. K.C Shashidhar, C.G.M NABARDMr. Ram Lal Prasad has invited honorable chief guest Shri K. C. Shashidhar,C.G.M NABARD to address the house. Mr. Shashidhar congratulated SPWD forproviding an umbrella to all NGOs of Jharkhnad under its SRI promotionprogram. He took the opportunity to explain the work of NABARD in the field ofdevelopment.• He informed the house that NABARD has sanctioned research project onhow to implement SRI for Rabi Cultivation.• He said that we have to look SRI cultivationfrom other perspective as well. It is more then atechnical thing and according to him it should bemade a way of life for the farmers of Jharkhand.Scientist has done tremendous work in simplifyingthe SRI technology, and the scientific temperament has also picked up in thisarea of Jharkhnad.• He called up to make SRI technique a commercial success. For this hestressed the need to link SRI with financial world. There is a need to develop arelationship between financial world and SRI. There is sufficient fund availablewith NABARD for convergence of SRI technique with the financial world.• At present banking organizations and government officers of this regionare unaware about SRI techniques. So awareness creation among them isnecessary and NABARD is ready for this initiative with the help of NGOs.• At present there is no fixed target for SRI coverage. Jharkhnad shouldadopt SRI as a movement. We have to make plan to involve 21 lakhs farmers inSRI movement. SRI technique didn’t find its due place, in the last year’s plan ofNABARD, but now NABARD is ready to give utmost importance to SRItechnique in its current plan. 17
  17. 17. • NABARD has organized 1500 farmers club comprising of 1, 50000members. He emphasized the need for the inclusion of farmers club with the SRItechnique.• He suggested for commercial exploitation of food grains product underSRI technique. Good packaging and branding will also help SRI products inmarketing. The consumer should also be made aware of the product under SRItechnique. NABARD is ready to help the NGOs and farmers in this matter.• Information dissemination is also important agenda of NABARD. Hesuggested exposure visit for farmers of Jharkhnad within state and outside stateand for which NABARD is ready to provide the necessary financial support toNGOs.• He advocated for constructive and positive publicity of different goodworks & success story of SRI technique in Jharkhand. NABARD is ready toprovide financial assistance to NGOs for this publicity. Second Session: Presentation by all organization Second Session: Presentation by all organizationSecond session started with sharing of experiences on SRI by the organizationalhead. Dr. B.N. Singh, Director Research, BAU, RanchiThe first presentation was delivered by Dr. B.N Singh.He discussed and emphasized the importance of foodsecurity at house hold level. He also discussed the Drainage channeldifferent sources of livelihood, which can supplementincome of small and marginal farmers. Theseactivities are water harvesting and aquaculture, fishery, goat rearing, backyardpoultry, boiler poultry, floriculture and mushroom cultivation etc. Dr. Singh alsopresented in brief the SRI cultivation techniques. He discussed preparation of 18
  18. 18. wet bed nursery, seedling uprooting, drainage channel for use of excess water,transplanting techniques, use of rotary weeder for root growth, use of hybrid ricePA6444, use of plastic drum seeder for seeding sprouted seeds etc. Mr. Ashok Kumar, PRADAN, Ranchi Mr. Ashok had all the praise of SPWD for spreading SRI technique among farmers with joint efforts of 18 NGOs. He mentioned that Pradan outreach for SRI Technique in Jharkhand is limited, whereas SPWD is working to spread SRI techniqueall through the Jharkhnad state. Mr. Ashok discussed in length the followingtopic:-• Why SRI?• What and how we did it?• Future prospect in context of addressing food sufficiency for poor farmers.Pradan has been working with SRI technique in Jharkhnad since. The SRItechnique has high yield potential and it can attend food-grain shortageproblems. Toady 16000 families are associated with SRI technique for paddycultivation in 2112 hectares of land. He explained the successful completionunder Pradan. He narrated in detail the process of seed storge and treatmenttechnique, wet bed nursery preparation, lifting seedlings, how to make drainagechannel, transplantation, use of conoweeder etc. Community based organizationlike Mahila Mandals are also part of this process. They purchased SRI tools andgive it on rent to other farmers.While explaining the importance of participatory training methodology, he wasof the view that it motivates farmers become anactive participation rather then being a passiveparticipant. 19
  19. 19. He said that in SRI, data collection is very crucial and must have means tosupport the authenticity of data.Mr. Ashok also advocated for multiple exposure for SRI farmers. Multipleexposures give a look of various stages of crop growth. Multiple exposure teamcan include local administration, local agriculture department officials and KVKstaff etc. At the end Mr. Ashok explained the future prospective of SRI in thecontext of addressing food security. Prof. Dr. T.M. ThiyagarajanDr. T.M. Thiyagarajan presented the experience of SRI in Tamil Nadu. He saidthat water scarcity is a serious concern for agriculture in Tamilnadu. In thisregard, SRI was considered as an option to tackle scarcity and enhance riceproductivity. He explained that SRI progress in Tamil Nadu and SRI principleadopted by the farmers. Under SRI the reduction in seed and seedling pullingcosts has been more appealing to many of the farmers. He suggested fewimportant points for community collective initiatives for nursery promotion aswell as for transplanting under SRI technique.Suggestion• Community nursery can be promotedwherever possible or place is available• Farmers can be advised to hand pick goodpanicles from the SRI crop for their seed requirement.• Nursery should be mostly supported with well decomposed organicmanures.• Markers should be made easily available in areas where rope is not goingwell with the planting laborers. 20
  20. 20. • A transplanting machine modified to plant at 25 x 25 cm spacing will be aboon in areas where labour scarcity is an issue.• With transplanting machine, if 2-3 seedlings get picked up, 30x30 cmspacing may be evaluated.• Dr. Thiyagarajan discussed present water management system inagriculture. He suggested some points,• Emphasis on proper field leveling and providing field drainage linesshould be made in the training programes and included in the demonstrations.• That the rice plant is not an aquatic plant should be registered in minds offarmers through repetitive education.He discussed about the importance of Gliricidia. It is a best organic source in SRIand an ideal green manure crop. It grows on all kinds of soils in hill slopes,coastal plains and low lying wetlands.He concluded the session with the statement that “SRI has been successful inyield increase, saving in cost of cultivation and several other benefits and this hasbeen recognized very well by the farmers. But, the real success will be when allrice farmers understand that rice is not aquatic plant and contribute to totalreduction in water requirement for rice cultivation”. Mr. Hemant Kumar KGVK, Ranchi The next presentation was delivered by Mr. Hemant kumar from KGVK. In the brief introduction of KGVK, he said that KGVK has been working in the field of rural development in Jharkhand right since from 1972. It is the CSR initiative of Usha MartinGroup of Industries in the state of Jharkhand. Gradually KGVK transformedfrom a charity based organization to a professionally managed development 21
  21. 21. agency over the last 8 years. Today, KGVK is influenced by corporate practicesand management.The thrust areas of KGVK are Watershed development, education, health,livelihood and capacity building. KGVK is working in Palamau, Ramgarh,Ranchi, Saraikela Kharsawan and West Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand.KGVK has started SRI promotion in Bundu & Namkum block in Ranchi districtwith the help of CINNI (NGOs). He explained the processes followed by KGVKin SRI.• Garden Nursery Raising• Single Seedling• Early Transplantation• Spacing• Weeding with weeder• Alternate drying and wetting• Proper HarvestingHe said that, SRI technique encourages rice plant to grow healthy with large rootvolume, Profuse and strong tillers, less water, long panicle, large no. of grainsper panicle, higher grain weight.He also explained the new initiative for pest control called Trichocard, which isin pilot phase in SRI. This technique has comparatively low cost of Rs.3.5 per acreas compared to Rs.200/acre in Insecticide. It Check harmful insect by destroyingtheir eggs. Its coverage is 200 meters per card. It also preserves eggs for nextyear. Tricho-card helps in conserving the bio diversity of the area.He narrated the successful journey of SRI in KGVK. He explained howcommunity participation gradually increased in SRI. Toady KGVK intervening in17 villages, working with 205 farmers in 200 acres of land. He said that in futureKGVK has targeted to cover 5000 acre of land for cultivation under SRItechnique. 22
  22. 22. He put emphasis on value addition of the products right from the beginning.KGVK is also developing 350 social entrepreneurs. Rice milling basedentrepreneur development is also one important objective under SRI technology.Some important issues – raised by Dr. ThiyagrajanDr. Thiyagrajan pointed out that cross weeding is not an appropriate word. Heexplained it, as an inter cultivation. Inter cultivation cuts roots of the plant and itis called pruning of the shoot. It encourages the growth of the plants. He saidthat when we do this operation, even there is water in plant, outside air mixeswith soil so some oxygen gets incorporated with the soil. It helps the immediategrowth of the plant. This operation is not very effective if done from onedirection. The growing condition of the whole plant changes because of the intercultivation. So inter cultivation should be done from both direction. Lok Prerna (Deoghar)Lok Prerna is working in 5 districts covering 20blocks, 272 panchayats and 2893 villages. LP isorganizing SRI promotion program in 23 villageswith 257 farmers and 59.48 hectares of land. LP isworking on SRI with the Philosophy i.e. “Thepotential of plant will only be realized if we provide the best conditions for theirgrowth. If we help plant to grow in new and better ways, they will repay ourefforts several times”He put some critical points of SRI technique:-• SRI cultivation requires some technical skill. It is difficult for farmers toacquire such skill in short time.• High energy to motivate farmers to change from old practices, and sift tonew practices as defined under SRI. 23
  23. 23. Under SRI cultivation height of the plant has been measured 42.5 inch, averagelength of panicle is 28 c.m. and the number of grains of hill was 6783. LP has alsodeveloped the capacity of farmers on SRI throughdifferent skill development training and exposureprogrammes. Farmer fairs have also been organised.Different community based organization like SHGsand Mahil Mandal have been sensitized on SRItechniques.Strong networking has been developed with government departments. Differentgovernment officer visited SRI plots and appreciated the work done by thefarmers. Committees like monitoring and review committee on SRI have beenformed. The successful results of SRI have been shared with farmers. TRCSC, JamshedpurTRCSC, Jamshedpur an NGO deeply influenced this part of the session with itsimportant observation (Jamshedpur).TRCSC has been working in 3 districts i.e.East Singhbhum, west Singhbhum and Saraikela Kharsasawan of Jharkhnad.They have covered 7 blocks with 22 villages, 180 SRI beneficiaries and 86.34 acresof land. They are implementing SRI project in different blocks with thecoordination of 6 partner’s organizations.Different awareness generation programmes for farmers’ communities throughIEC material have been organized. Base line survey of 180 farmers was conducted for comparing the existing production and production earned using SRI technique. Different training programme have been organized for farmers, master trainers and programme supervisor. High yielding Variety and traditional 24
  24. 24. seed (IR 64, RMTU7002) have been distributed among the farmers to know theyield comparatives.As an outcome• Total 235 farmers have been trained on SRI technique.• Maximum farmers, who adopted SRI, are fully satisfied with its yield, andthey are ready to extend SRI technique in more paddy field in next year.Different Critical situations had been faced by the organization like:-• Few farmers were not properly convinced about promotion of SRI. Soorganization had to change the beneficiaries list twice.• In few areas due to delayed in Mansoon and erratic rainfall the seed bedpreparation and transplantation was affected.• Spacing techniques was not maintained byfew farmers.• Few farmers had not maintained water leveland due to this reason yield was affected in some area.• The Farmers were not familiar with the 8-10 days seedling transplantation.• FYM and others compost or fertilizer was not sufficiently used in the fieldduring transplantation.• Due to lack of irrigation facilities, few SRI field became dry.• Few plots were also affected by pest and insects attack. Fr. John Dungdung AROUSE, GumlaArouse Society NGOs has been working in Gumla district from several years.Earlier when Fr. John Dungdung explained the SRI technique to the farmers,they were not ready to accept this technique.To implement SRI technique in field was a big challenge for AROUSE, becausetarget groups were traditional farmers and for them acceptance of newtechnology on the basis of only theoretical discussion was not possible. 25
  25. 25. When some farmers planted seedlings using SRI technique, one old farmer wasnot convinced with the spacing technique used in SRI. He said that your cropwill fail. But after a few days when plant grew with full tillers, that old farmerwas surprised to see. The production was just more then double. This productionwas an eye-opening for the rest of farmers. The seed used in this technique wasof traditional Varity. Slowly this technique will spread in other parts of the areaalso.AROUSE is preparing one lead farmer at village level. Different skilldevelopment programmes and exposure visit have been organized for these leadfarmers. At present 10 lead farmers are ready to motivate others farmers to adoptSRI technique.Different government officer at block and district levels have visited SRI plots.These plots are working as an eye opener for BDOs and Bank officers. They havepromised to help “AROUSE” for expansion of this technique in new area.AROUSE has organized a small fair and in this fair some farmers were honoredfor their good work in SRI. Electronic and print media also supported and hadgiven the full coverage to the successful story of SRI. AROUSE said that thistechnique is spreading in all other part of the district in a very short period. Incoming year AROUSE is planning for expansion ofthis technique to other part of district with the helpSPWD.At the end AROUSE thanked to SPWD for itstechnical support and also demand further technicalassistance and support for better result in future. 26
  26. 26. Mr. Ganesh Neelam, CINI CELL, SRTT, JamshedpurAccording to Mr. Ganesh Neelam , CINI is neitherdoing direct implementation nor acting as fundingagencies but CINI is working along with the partnersNGOs.Expressing himself Mr. Ganesh said that Jharkhand isa paddy growing state and paddy is a stable crop for this area. Technologyadoption is key issue in the state like Jharkhnad were food is insecure formajority of its people. If we compare it to south the acceptability of thetechnology is more then Orissa and Jharkhnad.Food security and SRI is the same thing and go side by side.The issue of food security can easily be achieved through SRI technology.Because the production is almost more then double. Data shows that with thehelp of SRI today farmers are securing food for 12 moths.Mr. Ganesh draw the attention to the fact that if the analysis of “annual foodsecurity” of all farmers linked with SPWD is added, one can easily calculate thedays when food will be available for the farmers in one year.CINI experiences say that food security provides an assurance to farmers and itmotivates farmers for second cropping and another livelihood intervention.He said that coverage of farmers for SRI technique by all agencies in the contextof Jharkhnad is minimal. It is around 10-15% of the total farmers.For mainstreaming or large scale expansion of this technology, linkages withgovernment departments are very important. Our approach should be such thatgovernment should include this programme in its policy.There is a need to link this technique with ATMA, and other governmentprogrammes.Process documentation of the SRI technique is also important. He concluded hisspeech with great emphasis on the mainstreaming of the SRI in Jhnarkhnad. 27
  27. 27. Dr. A.K Basu, SRI, Bariyatu, RanchiDr. A.K Basu shared his experience with oneresearch conducted with 500 families with the aimto find out the actual figure of paddy and riceconsumed by one family in one year. The finding ofthe research says that one family requires on anaverage 14 quintal of paddy and 1 ton of rice in a year.He also shared his experience with other important research “how many farmershave rice for 12 months”.He said that all new agriculture technology is coming to India from America andEurope. He discussed the relevancy and suitability of the said technology in thecontext of India. In America, an average farming land holding is much higherthan India.Indian farmer’s average land holding is very small. They are facing differentproblems like low purchasing power and lack of irrigation facilities etc. Thesetechnologies have been developed keeping in mind the situation of America andother European farmers. So transfer of these technologies from America andEurope is not feasible for the Indian farmers.NGOs should not be concerned with productivity enhancement and nationalfood security. Their only concerned should be how to enhance the productivityfor small and marginal farmers in the available land. How to ensure availabilityof agriculture input for them. And here SRI intervention is needed.This technology is known in India 25 years back. But it is surprising that thistechnology has not been approved or supported by the modern agro scientist ofthe country for the reason best known to them. Since this technology involvesvery little seeds, very little water and very little manure, it is futile to expect thesupport of persons attached with government organization and business 28
  28. 28. institution as it will adversely affect the commercial interest of the partiesconcerned.Dr Basu put emphasis on the use of traditional seeds in SRI technology, becausetraditional seed are genetically strong in nature. He urged the farmers forkeeping traditional seed security with the help of SRI technology.He said that marginal farmers should go for off- season farming. They shouldproduce “low productivity and high value crops”. Dr. Ramesh Sharan, Economist, JharkhandDr. Sharan discussed about the risk involve infarming. Market and financial risk are main risk incurrent scenario. The farmer’s perception for risk,changes according to the situation. Farmers havetheir own cooping mechanism to over come thatuncertainty.He asked who is most insecure.One study shows that 40% of the people in Jharkhnad are not getting theirlivelihood from farming. Landless, small and marginal farmers are the mostvulnerable section regarding the food security. Some tribal are living in the slopeof mountain, are also facing food security problem.Today all NGOs are taking strong and well to do farmers for SRI, because thepercentage of success is high and visibility in front of funding agency is easy. Sosection of the community adopting SRI technology is also an important factor.He asked one valid question that from where people are accessing theirlivelihood. It is very important to explore different option available for livelihoodunder food security. Every family should get food according to their needs. Hegives greater emphasis on the right based approach for the poor. 29
  29. 29. In Jharkhand, agriculture extension services are very poor. So we should giveemphasis on the improvement of extension services. He summarized hispresentation with the need of technological support to our farmers. Second Day Second DaySecond day started with the recap of the earlier day session by Mr Sanjay.Mr. Viren Lobo in his second day’s speech made important observation when hesaid that we should attach great importance to the problems which are directlycoming from the field experience. Those authentic and well experience problemsought to be discussed here. Only then the importance of this platform will beproved.Mr. Pran Ranjan laid great stress on the practical problems involved in theimplementation of SRI technology. We should discuss all problems here.Practical thing should come out of it. We should promote SRI keeping in mindthe experiences that we have in field.After this important comment an opening session was organized. Some farmersparticipated in this session and shared their view on SRI technique. Farmer’’s experience sharing on SRI Farmer s experience sharing on SRIA farmer from Chainpur Dumri area of Gumladistrict narrated the success of SRI technique in hisvillage. He said that father John Dungdung called24 farmers and after explaining the SRI techniquemotivated them to adopt it. Only 13 out of 24 30
  30. 30. farmers could venture to sow the seeds as per the technique of SRI. But their wayof sowing seeds surprised the other villagers. Who had every doubt about thesuccess of this technique? But after 10-12 days when they saw the paddy plantsand their rapid growth, they could not believe their eyes. This had miraculouseffects upon the farmers of that region, SRI technique got success in second gradeland.It produced 40 maunds in 50 dismal lands. If the farmers don’t sell thisproduct, they will have food for the whole year.Positive Points:• AROUSE, Gumla was giving the handholding support and monitoringday to day development with all sincerity.When the farmers were asked, how could he venture to accept the SRItechnique? He replied that we the traditional farmers are not expected to acceptthe new things (New and modern technique) at once. It requires some time to beconvinced. Moreover farmers having small holding are still reluctant to acceptthe new technique because of risk involved in it.Ramanand Manjhi a beneficiary of Chetna Vikas,along with 32 farmers were informed about SRItechnique during the training process. He said weall were surprised to know that only ½ kg of seedswas required for 1 acre of land. I got convinced tothis and adopted it in my field. He said that at the beginning even othermembers of his own family were not ready to adopt SRI. But he and his sonventured to sow the seeds, according to the SRI technique. After 12-15 days whenthe villagers saw the rapid growth of the paddy plants in that particulars piece ofland they could not believe their eyes. Ramchand informed that due to paucity ofwater paddy crops was affected a little bit. Sufficient water would have yielded a 31
  31. 31. bumper crops. His experience was that farmers should use their traditional seedsto get effective results.Amod Mandal was among the 45 farmers came to know about SRI techniquethrough video show. Out of 45 farmers only Amod was ready to follow the newtechnique. But he had to face the opposition of his father. After 12-15 days, whenpaddy plants grew to a size unbelievable, all farmers were amazed. The newtechnique produced 9-10 quintals of paddy in 25 dismal only.Hari lal Bhandari village Hindivili of Ormanghi village block sowed the seedsaccording to SRI, technique in the teeth of opposition from his family.Unfortunately his brother could not identify the seeds in the field and heploughed the field with the help of a tractor. This destroyed the seeds sownearlier. But not disheartened by this Bhanari again sowed the seeds following SRItechnology. As a result he had doubled the production and now his entire familyis in favour of following SRI technique in 4 acres.Manki Yadav of Palampur Vivek Sahyog, managed to get double of theproduction in 20 dismals. This motivated 43 farmers to follow this technique intheir “Garma” crops.Problem:-• He had to face problems because of the non availability of manure.• There was no rain and no irrigation facility. Group Discussion Group DiscussionAfter the open session, a group discussion was organized. All participants weredivided into three groups and one topic wasassigned to each of the groups.• SRI approach for expansion at large scale-Group -1• Strategy for going organic- Group -2 32
  32. 32. • Convergence for efforts on SRI- Group- 3The main objective of this exercise was to build a common understanding andfuture action plan for this technique. Presentation by Group 3Following points have been presented by this group:• Training and exposure –for different organization and farmers. Thisactivity will play an important role in convergence of the SRI. Networking withdifferent government organization like ATMA, NABARD, DRDA, KVK, MKKYwill be of great help in this regard. These organizations have huge fund fortraining and exposure visit for farmers and organization.• Conoweeder, Rotary – Technical support can also be obtained fromDRDA, ATMA, MESO and NABARD.• Inputs support (Seeds, organic manure, Trico-card) – It was alsosuggested that we can help farmers by providinginput support to them with the help of differentgovernment organizations.• Media – Media is playing an important rolein expansion of SRI. Different NGOs are working in same area, but they areunaware about the activities of each other. So media can be of some help bypublishing some successful case study for the beneficiaries. Thus there is a needto develop a networking with media at district, block and village level.• Develop a networking at block, district and state level with SRI promotingagencies. Different community based organization have formed at village level.• BAU and Research organization – Networking with the researchorganization to know current knowledge. 33
  33. 33. • Irrigation – linkages of SRI with NRGES/wasteland, soil conservationdepartment, MESO and minor irrigation will also help to reduce the irrigationproblems of farmers. Presentation by Group 2.Group two made presentation on “Strategy for going organic-Following points came out from the discussion:-• In the first year 50% farming will be donethrough organic farming.• Research on Organic farming with localmethod and preparation of document on it.• To develop local method for preparation oforganic manure.• Ploughing of field in time, so that grass can be used as organic manure.• To arrange different capacity building programme for promotion oforganic farming.• To build networking with government.Use of Organic farming with the traditional seed will also increase theproduction.Mr. Lobo said that 100 % organic farming is not possible. We should also look forthe supplementary of the organic farming. Gradually we will shift to organicfollowing a slow process.The production of grass is also increasing. So how we should promote cattleraring and ensure organic farming through it is a matter of study.Dr. Tyagrajan suggested for SRI along with the Gliricidia. He said Gliricidia is abest source for manure. 34
  34. 34. Presentation by Group 3Group - 3 in its presentation on “SRI- approach for expansion at large scale”. Thegroup has presented the following points:-• Awareness campaign for farmers as well for government officer shouldalso be organized.• Different capacity building programmes for small and marginal farmersshould be organized.• To organized Exposure trip and local fair, for farmers at local and outsidethe state.• Formation and capacity building of community based organization on SRI.• To organize farmers interaction.• To develop IEC material at local level and in local language.• Compilation of data and dissemination of data at each level should also beensured.• To look SRI as a commercial point of view.• To promote crop insurance under SRI technology.• At policy level provision of budget for SRI development.• Expansion at three level ground level.Dr. Thiyagrajan suggested on the community nursery development with singlewater resources. He said that we should have trained manpower resources forplanting. The farmers can also share the available resources among themselves.The quantity of production is different from other paddy using SRI, so marketingof SRI Rice can be an effective way to motivate farmers to adopt this techniqueand its commercialization. He said the community SRI will pull the availableresources available at village level. 35
  35. 35. Mr. Lobo said at least one farmer should be ready from each village. The maincrux area of SRI technique is, farmers should understand the scientific approachbehind this method. Farmers should have command on the technical logic of SRI.How we use this technique on different land is also important aspect of SRI.What are issues on different land? Practical experiences related to these thingsshould also be documented properly.What are the relationship between the land and seed, seed and water andfertilizer is an important thing in this technique.At the end, Mr. Ram Lal invited four chairpersons to sum-up the workshop.Dr. Tyagrajan said “how SRI could be a tool for food security”• Coverage of 10 million hectare under SRI will also save 500 thousand tonesof paddy seed. It is promoting seed security also.• Convincing farmers on SRI is the most difficult thing. So how we convinceto them is an important issue.• Campaign SRI protion with the Gliricidia as an organic manure.• Try to promote community SRI.A.Y Khan• Jharkhnad topography is conducive for SRI. He said how we promote SRIin the most degraded land could be an important aspect for the project.• He gave emphasis on the adoption of the processes in SRI by the farmers.Dr. R.P. Singh• SRI has grate potential to solve the problem of food insufficiency. 36
  36. 36. • We are comparing SRI production with traditional seed and improvedseed. So we need to understand the responses of seed type in relation to theplace, where it is grown, as it is a very important for SRI promotion.• Water / seed management is very important component in SRI. But thiscomponent doesn’t suit Jharkhnad farmers.• Recommendation to farmers should be given according to their availableresources and capacity.• For convergence of SRI, it is necessary that all government organizationshould come on one stage. We should influence those people who are involvedin policy making.• We should also practice SRI in summer rice cultivation.• He suggested that don’t give blind suggestion of organic farming. Hesuggested that, organic farming should be promoted on selected varieties and inselected area.Mr. Viren LoboMr. Lobo said that we should talk about 5 types of security; food security,Fodder security, Bio diversity security, Energy security and Livelihood security.• We should also promote green manuring in Jharkhnad.• In SRI intercultural operation should be given more emphasis.• What is the role of SRI in livelihood prospective? And what is therelationship of SRI with other sources of livelihood.• How others government programees are linked with SRI and how othersgovernment programmes should be conversed to promote SRI? 37
  37. 37. • How we replicate the success of SRI in Jharkhnad under the conditions andwhat is the corresponding result of it.At the end of the workshop Mr. Pran Ranjan gave vote of thanks to allparticipants for their active participation and making the program a success. 38

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