Ensuring Food Security ThroughSystem of Rice Intensification Scale up Workshop Funded by: Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, Mumbai Supported by: Women Development Corporation, Bihar
CONTENTS 1. Context of the workshop 2. Inspiring words of dignatories 3. Challenges in Scaling up of SRI 4. Complied matrix of roles of different agencies for overcoming challenges in SRI Annexures 1. Presentation by SRI secretariat – Mr.Tushar Das, Program Manager, SRI Secretariat 2. Presentation by Rice Department- Mr.M.C.Diwaker,Director Directorate of Rice Department
India is one of the largest producers of rice in the world; however, rice cultivation in recenttimes has suffered from several interrelated problems. Increased yields achieved during thegreen revolution through input intensive methods of high water and fertilizer use in wellendowed regions are showing signs of stagnation and concomitant environmental problemsdue to salinisation and water-logging of fields (the grain bowls of India Punjab and Haryana aresome of the worst affected).The System of Rice Intensification, or SRI, is a system that has evolved over the last few decadesof the 20th century and offers a radical departure in the way of growing more rice with fewerinputs. It was developed in Madagascar Fr. Henri De Laulanié, a French priest with abackground in agriculture and passion for rural development, whose keen observation ofdeviant practice and continued experimentation led to SRI emerging over a decade with sixprinciples of growing rice that were different, often radically, from conventional rice cultivationtechniques.Principles of SRI: • Transplanting of very young seedlings between 8 and 15 days old to preserve potential for tillering and rooting; • Planting seedlings singly very carefully and gently rather than in clumps of many seedlings that are often plunged in the soil, inverting root tips; • Spacing them widely, at least 25 x 25 cm and in some cases even 50 x 50 cm, and in a square pattern rather than in rows; • Using a simple mechanical hand weeder to aerate the soil as well as to control weeds; • Keeping the soil moist but never continuously flooded during the plants vegetative growth phase, up to the stage of flowering and grain production. • Use of organic manure or compost to improve soil quality.The growth of food grain production has stagnated in past few years while the consumption need hasbeen growing with increasing population resulting into food security crisis. SRI has been well provenpractice which has increased the productivity of paddy and wheat three folds. It has been widelyaccepted that SRI is a mechanism to not only increase the productivity but also ensure foodsecurity.Basix Bihar has done a significant work on initiating Ag/BDS work through its wide network ofSHGs. The initiatives of SHG federations and government have gained some significant successin promoting more then 7000 SRI over the last 2 years. BASIX has planned to reach at least onelakh SRI customers over the next 2-3 years in Bihar. So as to develop a strategy for scaling up ofSRI in the region which will ensure food security to millions of poor households of eastern India,BASIX with support from SDTT organized a Regional SRI- Scaling up workshop on the 17th ofApril.
The workshop was organized in esteemed presence of dignitaries like Mr. Vijay Mahajan(Chairman, BASIX), Dr. Renu Kumari Kushwaha (Agriculture Minister, Government of Bihar), Mr.Vijay Kumar (Secretary Janta Dal United),Dr.N.Vijay Lakshmi (Managing Director, WDC) andDr.M.C.Diwaker (Director, Directorate of Rice Development). In order to get holistic overview,resource persons, practiceners and technical experts were invited from various agencies likePRADAN, Agha Khan Foundation,UNDP, BAMETI, SRI SECRETARIAT BRLPS, WDC, ICAR, RiceDevelopment,BASIX, Agriwatch and NABARDThe welcome note was followed by lighting of lamp by these dignitaries to mark the beginningof a new era for scaling up SRI in Bihar and neighboring states of Eastern India and ensuringfood security for millions.Presentation from SRI SECRETARIAT, promoted by Sir Dorabji Tata Trust on overview of SRI in India: Mr. Tushar Das, Program Manager from SRI secretariat, hosted in XIMB, shared the year wise progress of SRI since 2006-07 to 2009-10.the significant increase in NGO partners from 2 to 152 has increased the outreach from 11000 farmers to 56543 across 10 states and 105 districts. The positive results of the program have influenced the Trustee of SDTT to sanction Rs. 23.91 Crore for the next 3 years. In addition to that CGM Nabard has given his consent to sanction amount in equal proportion (1:1) to the SDTT partners for promotion of SRI. This
fund may be diverted to CSO for promotion of SRI through NFSM. In Bihar, during the last 3 years the noof farmers in SRI has rose to 17 thousand including Govt. and NGOs with increase in average yield of SRIto 6 mt/Ha as against 2 mt/Ha in traditional method. SRI principles has been tested and promoted inother crops like wheat, rapeseed, and vegetables. The trust is planning to extend the partnership foranother 2-3 years for generating a critical mass, policy advocacy in state level so as to facilitatemainstreaming of SRI in entire state and conducting on farm research. In the next 3 years, SDTT isplanning to cover 1, 37,000 Farmers in Bihar by working with 4 partner organization. He also stressedthat to achieve this BASIX has to play a significant role.Presentation from Rice directorate, Government of India:It was followed by presentation of Dr.M.C. Diwaker,Director of Rice Development, GOI on the strategy forincreasing rice production in which SRI as analternative. He stressed on need of paradigm shift todevelop semi-dwarf high yielding varieties and also toexploit its genetics potential, more responsive tofertilizer application, increase optimum use of inputssuch as water, fertilizer, seeds, pesticides and farmimplements and utilization of non-monetary inputssuch as timely sowing, spacing, timely application offertilizers and harvesting.Dr.Diwaker shared the principles of SRI and itscomparison with traditional practice of sowing. He also presented the yield performance under SRI since2005-06 to 2007-08 across all states. According to him SRI has lot of future prospects as it is biologicallyeco-friendly, no pollution in environment, water and land ,increasing farmers’ income as well asenhancing productivity, higher cost benefit ratio 1: 2.5,technologies leading to the organic farming, lessdependent on chemical fertilizers, minimum use of pesticides/herbicides/fungicides and early maturity.Experience Sharing by farmers: A member of SHG, Droupadi Devi from Banke Bazaar (promoted under the banner of SSS, which was nurtured by IGS, BASIX shared her experience on SRI with a song. The song on”rop dhiyele SRI vidhi dhan wo, upzal badi jor dhanwa…breeder chalet hoili taiyari …dal diyali mixture khaad wo.” described all the practices of SRI. She raised issues on water, electricity and fertilizer, son we need support for our agriculture interventions. Ms Kanta Devi from the Border district, Raxaul also stressed on the need for spreading SRI among the small and marginal farmers to ensure food security.
INSPIRING WORDS FROM DIGNATORIES: Dr.N. Vijaya Lakshmi (Managing Director, WDC) showed her concern for global warming. According to her, due to global warming the productivity is coming down and challenge lies in ensuring the productivity of rice and wheat for the cause of food security. In Bihar there are 14000 farmers who are associated with SRI and it has been accepted that the productivity increases by three times. There are various agencies which are involved in SRI like WDC, BRLPS and BASIX. She requested from agriculture minister to support the farmers with funds for promotion of SRI in Bihar Mr. Vijay Mahajan (Chairman, BASIX) agreed that initial six months are doubtful in promotion of SRI but now there are 14000 farmers associated in Bihar, and hence we have the ground already prepared for NGOs, SHG members, farmers to get exposed to the concept. He drew the analogy of how difficult it was initially to form SHGs, but with time we have now 50 million SHG in the country. He stressed that now it’s the time to focus from thousand to lakhs of farmers. Information dissemination and its adaptability have already transformed farmers like Droupadi ji to “Dhan ka doctor”. Our rural women are already equipped in: 1. Agriculture 2.Animal Husbandry 3.Family management. He stressed that , we should not be in illusion hat sustainable development will not come only with thegrowth of service sector rather he stressed that our society will develop only when more and moreGREEN SKILLS like SRI be inculcated in our rural women and farmers. Global warming issue can behandled by forestation and proper utilization of NREGA for conservation of water. There are moretechniques apart from SRI like forest redevelopment and watershed techniques. He proposed from allthe people in the forum to scale up SRI in each and every district of Bihar. “We should all pledge for 10 lakh and 1 million hectare till 2020.”
Dr.Renu Kumar Kushwaha (Hon’ able Minister of Agriculture, GOB) – Dr.Kushwaha showed herconcerns on lowering productivity in Bihar. She had gone to Gaya and saw both paddy from SRI andtraditional method. In India and even in Bihar pulses have low productivity. Even govt knows 85% aredependent on agriculture, there are lot of problems like irrigation, fertilizer and electricity and thus launched simultaneously lot of schemes of micro irrigation like drip and sprinkler irrigation. These schemes have 90% subsidy. Another scheme is of ground water boring sets. There are lots of other challenges in Bihar. It is consistently being affected by disasters and coping with it is big challenge. Government is aware of various issues in agriculture like many times there are not grains in wheat .Absence of grains due to lack of boron, so we have increased subsidy on nutrients. Subsidy increased on paddy transplanter. Soil test is also quite important. There is lot of focus on kisan pathshala. Even through ATMA focus can be on SRI.At the end, she strongly assured for all her support in the process of Scaling up SRI. She assured that shewill arrange for more and more funds to the SHG federations promoted by WDC under the technicalguidance of BASIX.Two books on improved agricultural practice developed by BASIX and IARI, under the NAIP project wasalso released by the Minister, Agriculture and Our Chairman along with other dignitaries.CHALLENGES ON SCALING UP SRI:In order to achieve basic objective of the workshop, four thematic subgroups were formed. The foursubgroups were as following: • Subgroup of technical agency • Subgroup of donor/government agencies • Subgroup of NGOs/federations • Subgroup of microfinance agencies.BASIX has hosted this workshop to get overview of all Key activities of technical agencythe stakeholders. The goal is to reach out to 10 lakh Simplification of package offarmers by 2020 and various challenges emerged in practices.different subgroups regarding scaling up of SRI. Tackling of myths of SRITechnical agency identified few crucial issues like Developing of communitypackage of practices which need to be simplified so thatits easily adaptable. There are various myths which resource persons andneed to be tackled for promotion of SRI. There is Community nursery andfollowing beliefs which emerged during the subgroup agricultural laboursdiscussion like:
1. SRI cannot be promoted without vermicompost. 2. SRI is a kind of seed 3. SRI is hybridIn this group technical agencies like PRADAN, BASIX, BRLPS, AKRSP were present who shared their onfield experiences regarding scaling up of SRI. Developing community resource person is another way ofscaling up. More technical hands may help in reaching out to more farmers and increasing the coverage.Another innovative idea emerged regarding developing community nursery and training agriculturallabours.The basic challenge in front of technical agencies is to increase the number of technical hands in SRI.The second group of government agencies and donorswas more concerned regarding the lack of Key activities of governmentconvergence among different agencies. There are department and donorsnumber of groups which are formed but with different Identification of group and facilitatefocus. The first step should be to identify groups andtarget should be fixed for the given area. Bihar has convergence.outreach in almost 21 districts through Women Fixation of target and outreachDevelopment Corporation, therefore these through federationfederations can be quite helpful in scaling up SRI indifferent districts. There are few districts which are Developing of community resourcestill unaware about SRI which indicates the high need persons.of publicity. WDC has great resource of conducting Publicity through governmentstreet play which can be used for publicity. In first department and NGO etc for serviceinstance, people do not agree with the package ofpractices promoted under SRI, so it’s important to delivery to farmers.document the successful stories of farmers. Documentation of successful SRI The third group of NGOs and federation showed Key activities of NGOs/federations their concerns in implementation of SRI Convergance of SRI with PRI and programme. The first challenge lies in converging agriculture department. the SRI with panchayat raj institution and Developing chain of resource persons agricultural department and developing chain of resource persons. There is need for resource Availability of agricultural equipments persons at all level. Another challenge is Discussion of SRI as primary issue in every availability of agricultural equipments like weeder SHG during peak season. Since coverage of SHGs is Workshop at block level for SRI quite high, the active involvement of women can accelerate the process of scaling up. In order to Micro nurseries need to be developed at achieve this SRI should be discussed as primary all levels. issue in every SHG. At group level micro nurseries can be developed which can be used in large scale.The subgroup on microfinance raised various issues for scaling up SRI rather than key activities.Microfinance sector finds lot risk in crop loaning because of various reasons like uncertainty inagriculture, also no coverage of crop insurance in Bihar. There is also an issue of marketing of crop, so
they had concerns whether repayment should be in Key issues of microfinance agenciescash or kind. The group also raised concern i.e. Risk involved in agriculturerepayment is in kind, MFIs do not have storage Absence of crop insurance in Biharcapacity. Every MFI operates on minimal margin so Issue of repayment – cash or kindthe MF services needs to be cushioned up to take upso much of risk. Method of repayment. Standardization of loan product.COMPILED MATRIX OF ROLES FOR OVERCOMING CHALLENGES IN SCALING UP SRI:Kind of agency Role in Scaling up SRITechnical Agency • Formation of stakeholders committee at district level and state level • Developing community resource persons at all level in hierarchy • Developing community resource nursery at federation levelGovernment and donor agencies • Resources fund a. Demo b. Exposure and training c. Publicity and awareness • Developing SRI as the mandate • Infrastructure support- Department of agriculture • WDC- institutional framework as SHG • Incentives as award and certificates • Block level workshop for publicity- 2nd to 8th May 2010 • Constitution of coordination committees.NGO/Federation • District level stakeholders consortium- Plan of action for five years Management of the programme. • Awareness building through campaigning, using the media. • Refresher course to community resource persons • Ensure availability of markers, weeders and biofertilizers • Pulling the resources from various departmentsMicrofinance agencies • Joint product development for SRI loan
• Corpus of loan loss from SDTT/NABARD • Standardization of loan product across MFIs • Product design 4-6 months and repayment in bullet or in kind • Input Purchase linkage • Constitution of technical committee with SLBC • Sensitization workshop of MFI and bankers for lending for Sri purposeMs Vashumati, AVP, Ag/BDS, BASIX consolidated the discussions and presented before the panelconsisting of Dr.B.Rajender, Director Agriculture, Government of Bihar and Mr.Vijay Mahajan,Chairman,BASIX.The workshop concluded with ending note from the director, Agriculture assuring all support from thedepartment to take up the mission of scaling up SRI.Mr. Vijay Mahajan stressed that to make SRI and new technologies developed by research institutioncan only be successfully implemented once we can develop a system of fee based extension services. Hestressed that BASIX have already established a fee based service model with ore then 5 lakh customers.He stressed on developing a cadre of community resource persons for scaling up SRI in each and everydistrict of Bihar. Mr. Mahajan also indicated on formation of district and state level forums for SRI andconduct review meetings every month without fail. He requested banker, MFI’s and donors togenerously come forward for providing credit to farmers practicing SRI.
LIST OF PANELISTS.No. List of Panelist Designation1. Mr.M.C.Diwaker Director, Directorate of Rice Department2. Mr. Vijay Mahajan Chairman, BASIX3. Mr.Tushar Das Program Manager, SRI Secretariat4. Dr.N.Vijayalakshmi Managing Director, WDC5. Dr.R.K.Sahaney Director, BAMETI
LIST OF PARTICIPANTSS.No. Name of participants Name of organization 1 Girdhari Prasad BSFL 2 Sanjay Kumar AAJ Adarsh Maila Vikas S.M.V.SSS.Ltd 3 Dropadi Devi Bakebazar Adarsh Maila Vikas S.M.V.SSS.Ltd 4 Ramti Devi Bakebazar 5 Birendra singh Agriculture department 6 Mequm AIR research 7 Nawad kiran AJ Patna 8 Rajni Bhushan AKRSP(I) Pusa 9 Rahul AKRSP(I) Pusa 10 Subhendra AKSXPI 11 Dr. Ajay Kr. ARI(RAU PUSA) Bihar 12 Shreesh Tripathi ASA 13 Santosh kr. Basix 14 Tapas kr. Pati Basix 15 Akhoury prabhas Basix 16 K.Vasumathi Basix 17 Anuj Upaddyay Basix 18 Dr. Ravi Chandra BDT 19 Snehi Devi Brabar Fed. Makhdumpur 20 Indu Kumari Brabar Fed. Makhdumpur 21 Devraj bebera BRLPS 22 Sanjay Kumar BSFL 23 manish kumar BSFL 24 Shailendra Kumar Singh BSFL 25 Sanjeev Kumar BSFL 26 Vikash Singh BSFL 27 Rajiv Khanna BSFL 28 Vijay Kumar Mishra BSFL 29 Rakesh Kumar BSFL 30 Garima Anand BSFL 31 Mihir Shana BSFL
32 Kartikey Singh BSFL33 Amit Gourav BSFL34 Sharda Devi Budha Swamsidha Mohanpur35 Deepak kr. Centre for world solidarity36 Rindro Devi Chandni Fed. Barachatti37 Mukesh Pd. CRDCM38 Madhukar Das CRDCM39 Champa Tigga CWS Patna40 Smita kumar Dainik jagran41 Dr. M G Diwakar Director DRP Patna42 kumar prasad Farmer Patna43 Anita Devi Farmer K.Nagar44 P.K. Vinod G.P.S. CDMRD Patna45 Sudama Singh Gram viksh Manch Rohtas46 Vinay Kr. Grameen Vikas Sansthan47 Anil Kumar Hindustan48 Reena sharma Hindustan49 A P Dube Hindustan Times50 Dr. Kanhaiya singh IARI regional station PUSA51 Simran Adhikari IGS (Basix)52 Bablu Singh IGS (Basix)53 Md. Jawaid islam IGS (Basix)54 H.p. Singh IGS (Basix)55 Rajiv Ranjan Kumar IGS (Basix)56 Arti Sinha IGS (Basix)57 Sunil Kumar Sinha IGS (Basix)58 Dharmendra Srivastva IGS (Basix)59 Tapan Kumbhkar IGS (Basix)60 Niraj Kumar Singh IGS (Basix)61 Arvind kumar Rai K.V.K Nawada62 Sarita kumari Khusbu Fed. Imamganj63 Minnat aisha Khushi Fed. (Amour)64 Barun Kumar Sharma Lok Prerna Deoghar65 Kamal Kishorsingh M.V.S. Razarh navod66 Praveen Kumar Maa Shanti Memorial Foundation67 Vandana Madhu Maa Shanti Memorial Foundation
68 Indu Devi Meenapur Fed.69 Saprishi raj Megnificent news70 Kanta Devi Muskan Raxual71 Arvind Kumar Das Muskan Raxual72 sarat kumar behera NABARD, Patna73 S.Ramesh NABARD, Patna74 Tapan kumar Sethy NABARD,Ranchi75 Radhika Devi Nari Mukti Swamsidha Konch76 Satyendra Pd. Navjagriti77 Chanda Devi Navjeevan Fed. K.Nagar78 Madhu Devi Navjyoti S.M.V.SSS. Ltd.79 Dr. S.K. Sinha PADRL80 Nikesh Anand Pahla Kadam81 Dhirendra gupta Patli News82 Vijay kr. Patna Animal Development Pvt ltd83 Almas tatmi Prabhat Khabar84 Anil kr. Verma PRADAN85 snehaj Prof. G.P.Sinha for Distance Mgmt. Prof.G.D.S. Center for Disaster mgmt.&86 Dr. Rajan Singh Rural Devision87 Suman kr. Pryas bharti88 Rakesh kumar PTN89 Rupa Raghuvansh group motihari 90 Rajendra Raghuvansh group motihari 91 Dr. V.K. Mishra RAU KVK Purnea 92 suresh kr. Reportor 93 Santosh kr. Reportor 94 Sunil kr. Singh Research India 95 Neelesh sinha RGVN Patna 96 Harsverdhan S.P.A 97 Sanjay Kumar S.P.W.D 98 Indra raj sadhna news 99 Sarita kumari Sagar Fed. (Ghoshi)100 Anjani Kumar Sagar Fed. (Ghoshi)101 shivendra kumar sandhya parhari102 Sidthnath Dosandeep Patnak Sandhya prahari
103 Savita kumari Sanmarg104 Yachna Srivastwa SSS105 Geeta Kumari Tapowan Fed. (Wajirganj)106 Ajit Singh UNDP RANCHI107 Mannila WDC108 U . N. Singh WDC109 Manoj kr. WDC110 Sanjay kr. Sinha WDC111 Shekhar WDC112 Vikash Kumar WDC113 Irina Sinha WDC114 Santosh Kumar WDC115 Vijay Raghbendra WDC116 N.Vijayalaxmi WDC117 R S Roy Consultant