JAIBA JIBIKA  Orissa State Level Symposium                    OnSystem of Rice Intensification (SRI)                Organi...
Table of ContentsExecutive SummaryAcronymsDay 1: Inaugural Session        Interactive SessionDay 2: Interactive Session   ...
ACRONYMATMA - Agriculture Technology Management AgencyCRRI - Central Rice Research Institute, CuttackCWS - Center for Worl...
EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Orissa State Level Symposium on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) was organised byCentre for World...
BACKGROUNDOrissa primarily has an agrarian economy. Agriculture is the states dominant sector with a                      ...
For small and marginal farmers whose land mostly is dependant on rainfall and monsoonrelevance of a technology like SRI wh...
The Symposium was organised on 20 – 21, March 2010 at Adivashi Ground, Unit – 1,Bhubaneswar.DAY – 1INAUGURAL SESSIONThe wo...
SESSION - 1Session - 1 was chaired by Shri Jagdish Pradhan,Secretary, Sahavagi Vikash Abhijan (SVA). Hestarted the session...
help them to get various kind of food for their family which they used to buy and even couldnot buy with financial constra...
Dr. Babaji Giri, Addl. Director- Agriculture DepartmentDr. Babaji Giri, Addl. Director- Agriculture Department GoO, pointe...
Shri Ambika Prasad Nanda- State Representative, UNDP, Orissa,Shri Ambika Prasad Nanda appreciated the role ofNGOs in imple...
Dr. V. Rukmini Rao- Trustee of CWSTaking the interactive session forward, Shrimati Rukmini Rao, Trustee of CWS stated that...
Points Discussed 1. NREGS should be linked with Agriculture. So that apart from road and building    construction, people ...
misconception regarding SRI, he mentioned that we could get better yield without usingchemical fertilisers and modern equi...
A – It happened if the yield is very good or because of late weeding. The first weeding has tostart before the transplanta...
It requires two kg seed for one Acre. Pragati, Koraput trained him on SRI and he got 150quintals paddy from four acres.Shr...
which were directly consumed by people. In this way they were directly consuming poison.Their organisation, Pasari started...
weeder etc. I am using traditional plough and compost. I used rope to mark the areas and now Iam harvesting 20 to 25 quint...
its requirement then we can overcome the problems. In winter thousand tonnes of leaves aredestroyed. If we can turn into m...
Shri Kripa Majhi, BolangirDillip Bhoi trained me on SRI but I was afraid whether I can do it or not. I made a woodenweeder...
Felicitation of Farmers                                           Concluding the workshop, Mrs. Rekha                     ...
Annexure-1                                                  Agenda                                 State Level Symposium o...
- Prof. Shambu Prasad, XIMB, Bhubaneswar        - Shri Gnana Prakasam, Executive Director, CWS        - Shri Ambika Prasad...
Annexure-3                 LIST OF FARMERS FELICITATEDSL.              Name                Organisation      DistrictNo 1....
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Sri symposium orissa 2010

  1. 1. JAIBA JIBIKA Orissa State Level Symposium OnSystem of Rice Intensification (SRI) Organised by Centre for World Solidarity with support from Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, Mumbai and in collaboration with GoO, TROCAIRE, SVA, RDI, XIMB 20th – 21st March, 2010 1
  2. 2. Table of ContentsExecutive SummaryAcronymsDay 1: Inaugural Session Interactive SessionDay 2: Interactive Session Valedictory SessionWay Forward 2
  3. 3. ACRONYMATMA - Agriculture Technology Management AgencyCRRI - Central Rice Research Institute, CuttackCWS - Center for World Solidarity, SecunderabadFFS - Farmers Field SchoolNGO - Non Government OrganisationNFSP- National Food Security ProgrammeOUAT - Orissa University of Agriculture and TechnologyPRADAN- Professional Assistance for Development ActionRKVY- Rastriya Krishi Vikash YojanaSDTT- Sir Dorabji Tata TrustSRI - System of Rice IntensificationSVA - Sahabhagi Vikas AbhiyanXIMB - Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar 3
  4. 4. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe Orissa State Level Symposium on System of Rice Intensification (SRI) was organised byCentre for World Solidarity (CWS) Bhubaneswar from 20th to 21st March, 2010. The objectiveof the workshop was to bring the farmers and scientists, practitioners and policy makers fromvarious disciplines on a single platform to facilitate sharing of experiences and enhance theirunderstanding, which would foster synergy in their work and the farmers, mostly small andmarginal would be benefited out of this. The sessions in the workshop included sharing ofexperiences by farmers and experts, the challenges and reforms in Agriculture sector.A brief overview of the two-day programmeThe two-day workshop was divided into four sessions.Day 1Session 1 – The session was formally inaugurated by Hon’ble guests and chaired by SriJagdish Pradhan, SVA. This session included introductory speeches by various distinguishedguests namely Dr. Damodar Rout- Honourable Minister, Dept. of Agriculture and Cooperation,Shri Jagadananda- State Information Commissioner, Dr. Babaji Giri-Addl. Director, Dept ofagriculture, GoO, Prof. Radhamohan- Environmentalist, Dr. V. Rukmini Rao- ManagingTrustee, CWS, Mr. Tushar Kanti Das, SDTT Secretariat, Smt. Gitanjali Jena- Trocaire, Prof.Shambu Prasad, XIMB, Bhubaneswar, Mr. Ambika Prasad Nanda- State Representative-UNDP, Odisha, Shri Sibabrata Chowdhury, RDI, Mrs. Rekha Panigrahi- CWS andinauguration of exhibition stalls organised by various NGOs. This was followed by introducingsome successful SRI farmers who shared their experience regarding SRI cultivation and alsothe problem they were facing in implementing this method.Session 2 – Session 2 was the continuation of session – 1 as different speakers gave acomprehensive overview, their perspective and experience in developing/implementing SRI intheir concerned states. Group interaction was followed by a question-answer session in whichthe participants asked questions to the guests. The purpose of this task was to know all theproblems the farmers were facing during cultivation and also to clarify their doubts/confusionwith objectivity and sensitivity. Dr. S. K. Pattanaik- Director, Seed Certification, Odisha, Mr.Tomar- PSI were present during the session. It was followed by screening of a film on SRI andcultural programme by various cultural groups from different districts.Day 2Session 1 – Recap of previous day’s session. This was followed by interactive session wheredifferent speakers and farmers from various districts presented a comprehensive overview andtheir perspective and experience in implementing SRI.Session 2 – Felicitation of successful farmers, NGOs who took active part in implementingSRI. 4
  5. 5. BACKGROUNDOrissa primarily has an agrarian economy. Agriculture is the states dominant sector with a contribution of nearly 26 per cent (2007-2008) to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP)1. Total food grain production was 9.2 Metric Tonnes (MT) in 2007-082 in the state was in fairly comfortable place but ironically the food security has been of grave concern and the state has been reckoned as severely food insecure region in the country. This has been attributed by limited access of vulnerable rural population toproductive resources and further, agriculture being highly susceptible to natural disasters.Among various crops grown in the state, rice is the major crop and status of rural economylargely revolves around riceproduction. Rice occupies about 78 SRI (System of Rice Intensification) is an alternative system of rice cultivation developed in Madagascar inpercent of the kharif cropped area and early 80s by Father Henri de Laulani, S.J. This systemaccounts for over 91 percent of kharif offers many advantages and gives substantial increase infood grain production in the State3. yield. SRI is based on principles like earlyDuring 2008-09 rice was cultivated in transplanting, transplanting single seedlings, widera total area of 34 lakh hectares, which spacing, weed management, less water requirement andconstituted a whopping 76.9% of the use of organic manure. Here, the cost of cultivation istotal area under cultivation. It is minimized to a great extent as requirement of seeds isnonetheless to say that rice continues very low.to be the principal crop of the statewith strong links to food and nutritional security. In this context promotion of a croppingsystem such as System of Rice Intensification (SRI) which assures higher production from thesame patch of land with less investment is highly crucial. 5
  6. 6. For small and marginal farmers whose land mostly is dependant on rainfall and monsoonrelevance of a technology like SRI which entails growing rice with less water is highlysignificant.Promotion of SRI in Orissa: CWS InitiativesCWS strategically took up the challenge of scaling-up SRI since the year 2005 in collaborationwith its partners working for livelihood enhancement of farming community through organicfarming. Efforts of CWS in promoting SRI in the state can be summarised as follows:Important Milestones• An orientation session conducted for creating awareness among the partners about SRI- 2005• A comprehensive training-cum-demonstration programme organised for the partners- 2006• Organised a collaborative workshop on ‘Orissa State Dialogue in SRI’- 2007• CWS initiated a project ‘Upscaling SRI in Orissa’ in a consortium approach in 6 districts of the state in collaboration with 23 partner organisations with support from Sir Dorabji Tata Trust (SDTT), Mumbai- 2008• The same project was extended to another 6 districts with support from SDTT- 2009As a result of field level interventions during Kharif 2009, CWS partners have been able to up-scale SRI among 3881 farmers practicing SRI in 2038 acres of land in 395 villages of 12districts of the state.Rationale for SRI Symposium (Pl. refer annexure for agenda of the Symposium) In a scenario where large number of farmers had adopted SRI in almost all the districts in the state it was time to bring together all the actors for exchange of dialogue and sharing amongst each other in the form a State Level Symposium on SRI and preparing future course of action for further popularising and strengthening this system of farming practice. Below are the objectives of the State level Symposium: • To bring synergy amongst farmers especially small and marginal practicing SRI for mutual benefit through cross learning • To accelerate the process of adoption of SRI technology and increase the coverage of SRI • To learn and replicate through sharing of best practices in SRI cultivation • To create a platform for famrers to share their success and failures in practicing SRI that would help in clarifying doubts and enhance SRI up scaling. 6
  7. 7. The Symposium was organised on 20 – 21, March 2010 at Adivashi Ground, Unit – 1,Bhubaneswar.DAY – 1INAUGURAL SESSIONThe workshop started with the lighting up of thelamp by all the delegates and the inauguration of anexhibition stalls showcasing various communicationmaterials related to SRI, different kind of Biofertilisers, different kind of manure used in SRI andthe process of its preparation, organic food productsand seeds collected from various sources, NGOslike SACAL, ADARSA, Pragati, Basundhara etc.Dr. Damodar Rout- Honourable Minister, Dept. ofAgriculture and Cooperation inaugurated theexhibition. The inaugural function was covered bymedia persons from both print and electronic media.Welcome AddressThis was followed by a welcome note and a brief introduction on the objectives of theworkshop. Smt. Rekha Panigrahi, the workshop facilitator welcomed all the participants andguests from various destinations to participate in the workshop. She spoke about how SRI hadevolved as an innovative method in improving production and how the integrated approachwould promote mass operationalisation of SRI method and enhance the capacity of the existingmethod. 7
  8. 8. SESSION - 1Session - 1 was chaired by Shri Jagdish Pradhan,Secretary, Sahavagi Vikash Abhijan (SVA). Hestarted the session by congratulating CWS fororganising the workshop and the exhibition. Hethen requested the dignitaries of the session toexpress and share their vision and expectations onSRI.Shri Damodar Rout- Honourable Minister, Dept.of Agriculture and Cooperation Shri Damodar Rout applauded the initiative of large number of small and marginal farmers for adopting SRI. Addressing all, he said that primarily agriculture was a not a business but a means of livelihood. It was as primitive as our culture. To bring more contextual relevance he cited the famous quote of Mahatma Gandhi- “India lives in its villages and agriculture is the backbone of villages”. Out of total farmers, 82% farmers were small framers or marginal farmers who occupied 40% cultivation land. So if they did not produce more, life for them would be terrible. Bettering the plight of such farmers called for a modernmechanism. SRI was one of the most viable options amongst many of the modern methods. Heopined that cultivation through SRI would play a vital role in increasing production andimproving the livelihoods of small and marginal farmers throughout the state. SRI meant lesswater, less labour and high yielding and was proved successful in reducing labour cost andwater use.He viewed that the use of organic fertilisers as these were eco-friendly, cost effective and couldbe produced at home should be promoted. There were very less number of paper mills inOrissa and hence the paper sludge to use as manure was never adequate. Similarly, increase inthe family size resulted in fragmentation of land, making the land size too small for use oftractor. In such a situation traditional equipments of ploughing had more relevance. Hesuggested to make the best use of resources available in the locality. With a changing croppingpattern like growing paddy, pulses, vegetables on the same land in a cyclical manner thefertility of the soil could be preserved and increased as well.SRI was only used paddy cultivation where as it could be equally benefiting for growing othercrops. Farmers who were adopting SRI could be able to harvest more, but the absence of aproper channel for selling paddy compelled them to approach middlemen and sell the paddy atlower price. Despite the support price was fixed at Rs. 1000, farmers suffered and middlemenflourished. Farmers should focus on various types of pulses, vegetables except paddy; it would 8
  9. 9. help them to get various kind of food for their family which they used to buy and even couldnot buy with financial constraints.He also outlined the necessity of developing area specific comprehensive methods that wouldpave the way for improving various issues such as determinants of cultivation (Lack oflabourers, irrigation problems and Market (Selling products and buying seed etc.). He alsoemphasised on having an Integrated Approach of both Government and NGOs in all theProgrammes and Projects being run by various Government Departments.The State Government was trying to include the SRI in different flagship welfare programmesuch as National Food Security Mission to intensify this particular cultivation practice further.Emphasising on farmer’s awareness he said that “until the real beneficiary hasn’t asked for hisrequired service, whatever schemes and services are provided by Government will be notsuccessful. There should be role clarity and rule clarity”. He said that unfortunately that kind ofclarity had not developed, people were not conscious. He also added that the people whoassembled there would act as ambassadors and spread their knowledge and experience amongothers. He concluded appealing all to cooperate in implementing SRI for its wider outreachwith a remark “Let us join hands to make agriculture a profitable business”.Shri Jagadananda- State Information CommissionerNext Speaker, Mr. Jagadananda explained how formation of a well organised Farmer’sorganisation and farmer’s consciousness on their rights would help to curb problems. Encouraging the synergy of efforts, he said that “We know that we have problems. But how to deal with that problem is the main challenge now”. His talk stressed on the role of RTI in solving the problems. Citing an example, he said, a number of farmers from Western Orissa were inquiring about farmer card no, amount of selling product, support price, cheque numbers, visit details of BEOs etc through RTI which was an achievement in itself. Farmers should take advantage of RTI. He said “If people start asking,it will make system more accountable and responsible. It should be practised by all”. Headvised that there was a growing need of unity amongst farmers at grassroots level in thevillages, formation of Farmer’s organisation might be a way forward. Emphasising on labourissues, he laid stress on the need to link NREGS with agriculture and cultivation. Instead offocussing on road construction and constructing dams etc cultivation could well be included inNREGS programme. The involvement of NGOs, volunteers and social workers coupled withfarmers’ demand would accelerate this process. He also suggested ensuring that the exhibitionstalls were visited by high officials and ministers of various departments. 9
  10. 10. Dr. Babaji Giri, Addl. Director- Agriculture DepartmentDr. Babaji Giri, Addl. Director- Agriculture Department GoO, pointed out that agriculture hasalways been a potent means of livelihood. Around 80% people of Orissa depended onagriculture in average 1.2 hectare. Shedding light on the key issues identified, he said thatscarcity of labourers, irrigation problems, inadequate cultivation land due to fragmentationprocess, opening of factory, lack of self interest, weak linkages in programmes and varyingdegrees of motivation, lack of proper distribution of fertilisers etc were the bottlenecks inimplementing SRI. The State Government along with various NGOs and volunteers was trying to address the above mentioned problems. The need was to identify, standardise and take corrective, location specific measures. While praising the efforts of NGOs, he presented a picture of Government’s effort in promoting SRI. SRI method was started in the year of 2007 in 27 districts covering 2000 hectares. In the year 2008-09, it was implemented in 30 districts and in 2009-10, it was started in 314 blocks. UnderRastriya Krishi Vikash Yojana (RKVY). So far, 30 SRI villages in 30 districts and 178 KrishakKhetra Vidyalaya (Farmer Field School) in 136 acre had been formed. AgricultureTechnology Management Agency (ATMA), implemented it in around 19 acres (18, 195) ofland and built 151 Krishak Khetra Vidyalaya, National Food Security Mission ( NFSM),implemented in 158 acres and built 652 Krishak Khetra Vidyalaya in 30 districts. Orissa’ssuccess in implementing SRI had motivated other states. Himachal Pradesh decided toimplement SRI. In Orissa, in the year 2010- 11, SRI would be implemented in 6234 GramPanchayat under Rastriya Krishi Vikash Yojana. Under this scheme, in every GP, it would beimplemented in 10 acres of land. Government was also providing subsidy on chemicalfertilisers, Power tiller, Tractor, Marker etc. To solve irrigation problem, 50% redemption inJala Sudha Scheme was also made. Emphasizing on the disadvantage of chemical fertilisers, he said that people believed thatchemical fertiliser would increase production, but they were not aware that it was poisonousand would also decrease the fertility of the soil in long term. Worms which helped in fertilisingthe land, died because of pesticides. In order to ensure immediate and magical increase incultivation, chemical fertiliser was used redundantly and as a result the air, water andatmosphere got polluted. It also increased temperature and had adverse effect on climate; raindid not happen on time. In a condition like this, organic fertilisers would be promoted with afocus on maximising produce from the land. He also laid emphasis on the formation ofFarmers’ Organisation at every level like Gram Krishak Manch, Krushak sathi etc. 10
  11. 11. Shri Ambika Prasad Nanda- State Representative, UNDP, Orissa,Shri Ambika Prasad Nanda appreciated the role ofNGOs in implementing SRI and its achievement inOrissa and proposed to share his learning from hisexperiences. He stressed on to set a vision fortomorrow through present activities. Expressing hisconcerns he said that in Orissa, small and marginalfarmers were going through an agrarian crisis. Theywere demotivated for production. Formation ofFarmers’ Organisation was the need of the hour.Sharing his experience, he said that like Punjab andKarnataka Farmers’ unions should be formed and strengthened in Orissa.Prof. Radhamohan- Environmentalist A leading environmentalist of Orissa, Professor Radhamohan started his talk with how SRI was started with 50 to 60 farmers with Sambhav and now reached at 5000 farmers. Citing an example of wooden cage and iron cage he said that, hybrid and genetically modified fertilisers were like iron cage which would kill farmers. Even if the Government was providing subsidy for chemical fertiliser, the farmers should use organic fertilisers which was eco-friendly and would protectfarmers from unreasonable expenses relating to buying chemical fertiliser.Prof. Shambu Prasad- XIMBIn his talk, Prof. Shambu Prasad, XIMB pointed outthat Orissa has a distinct and distinguished placeamong 10 states adopting SRI involving 65686farmers. The Government of Dubai appreciated SRIand also suggested for linking NABARD with SRI.NGOs, Agriculture Department and SRI learningAlliance made SRI favourable among farmers. Heappreciated the role of PRADAN in northern Orissaand SVA in Western Orissa for their initiative andintervention in implementing SRI. Citing an exampleof Punjab, he said that use of pesticide was considered so harmful that it was considered asCancer Express. He also highlighted that Orissa had become an example of best practice inimplementing SRI. He enthused “We have to take this forward with SRI learning alliance”. Heconcluded by reading out the messages sent by Prof Norman Uphoff- SRI expert. 11
  12. 12. Dr. V. Rukmini Rao- Trustee of CWSTaking the interactive session forward, Shrimati Rukmini Rao, Trustee of CWS stated thatpopulation had increased, and to cope with, the production had also grown in volume becauseof SRI. She said that she was very hopeful about the success of SRI as women played aleading role in adopting SRI method.Identifying various problems, she mentioned that farmers were facing lot of difficulties duringcultivation like: • Scarcity of water as more water was used for industry, not for agriculture • Lack of rain due to change of climate • Lack of Weeder • Shortage of labourer. She suggested farmers to find out ways on their own to solvethese, rather than depending on others. She also mentioned some possible ways like linkingNREGS programme with agriculture to meet shortage of labourer, motivating farmers formore training or interactive session. She concluded appealing the farmers present to move toother villages and train others (it could be farmer to farmer learning).This expense could bemet from NREGS fund.Smt. Gitanjali - TrocaireMs. Gitanjali stated that in Orissa, 75% people depended onagriculture of which 84% were women. Where food securityemerged as a question, SRI appeared as an obvious answer.Avoidance of chemical fertiliser and hybrid seed was the need ofthe hour. Lastly, she expressed her confidence and said that SRIwould definitely get momentum as a large number of women wereinvolved with this programme.Shri Jagdish Pradhan- Secretary, SVASummarising the session, Shri Jagdish Pradhan viewed that this workshop was a uniqueopportunity for farmers to interact with experts and share their experience and learn more inaddressing their problems. He also recapitulated the main points discussed by the dignitariesand hoped this workshop will catalyse SRI Movement. 12
  13. 13. Points Discussed 1. NREGS should be linked with Agriculture. So that apart from road and building construction, people can be engaged in cultivation too 2. There should be some kind of innovation in subsidy and support price which would be more farmer friendly 3. There is an urgent need to form Farmer’s organisation.Shri Trinath Biswal, Farmer, Badakhandi, Hinjalikatu block, GanjamTrinath Biswal, one of the pioneer farmers from Ganjam district described how he took up SRIcultivation going offbeat of the conventional rice cultivation, and without using chemicalfertilizers got 40 quintals of rice in SRI than the. He was experimenting with SRI in Orissasince the last two years. He was an ardent supporter of SRI and had become a trainer for thepast 3-4 years sharing his hands-on experience. He also experimented with various practices oforganic farming. During the discussion he shared an interesting observation about Navadanyaseeds for green manuring. He claimed that use of these seeds as green manure contributed toproductivity significantly. This also prohibited disease threats in SRI.Smt. Purnima Rout - Farmer, KoraputSmt. Purnima Rout, a successful practitioner of SRI shared her experience on how she startedcultivating through SRI. “I did not have any means to earn livelihood. Last year on one acre ofland I started SRI cultivation; it yielded me 20 bags of paddy. When I started, my father wasvery upset but now my family supports me. This year I and my family are planning to go forSRI on more lands in expectation of good return.”SESSION 2Shri S. Pattaink- Director, Seed CertificationMr. S. Pattaink, Director, Seed Certification carried forward the workshop and shared hisexperience. Speaking on the misconception on rice cultivation he said that there was a generalnotion that the productivity was less as chemical fertiliser was not used. Defying the 13
  14. 14. misconception regarding SRI, he mentioned that we could get better yield without usingchemical fertilisers and modern equipments.He informed that SRI was not a conventional method nor invented by scientists. In SRI,farmers could use their best practices to improve this method. Only few hectare demonstrationswould not serve the purpose and process, rather it should be mass revolution. He also addedthat, in SRI one could get more yields from less seed. For one acre of land 4/5 kgs of seed wererequired. SRI should not be adopted merely as a method rather, it should be an improvisedsystem in which more and more good practices could be added. Since technology could not beapplied everywhere all the time, it needed improvisation and adaptation to the local needs. Sofarmers were to decide that how to yield more. Instead of confining SRI to a mere technologywe should add more good practices to improve it.Shri Shiv Kumar Tomar- PSI Sharing his past experience, Mr. Tomar stated that he was associated with SRI method from2006. He said “Now 14,000 farmers are associated with SRI in 600 hectares of land and get 60-70% success in production. SRI should come up as a revolution”. He suggested all to learnfrom the bad impact of Green Revolution on farmers. In that all requisites like seeds, fertilisersetc. were available only in the market, as a result farmers suffered. In SRI this shouldn’t berepeated. He advised “We should learn from scientists but should not be completely dependenton them”. He informed that SRI was applicable for all kinds of crops, not only for paddy. PSIapplied SRI for wheat, Dal and vegetables in Uttaranchal and Himachal Pradesh. So in Orissaalso it could be fruitful. Hybrid seed could never give much success in terms of production.Cow dung as organic manure should be promoted. Chemical fertilisers, pesticides and use oftractor had disadvantage also. But Government was providing subsidy for fertilisers andtractor. If government adopted SRI and provided subsidy, it would help farmers in practicingSRI. Instead of depending on scientist completely, farmers should make their own research andadd their inputs in SRI method so that SRI could be practiced in every type of cultivation. InSRI, farmers shouldn’t depend on market for seed and fertiliser. Farmers should make theirown research and invent new practices than completely depending on scientists.Shri Nagaratnam Naidu, Leading farmer, Andhra PradeshMr. Nagaratnam Naidu, a renowned SRI Farmer of AndhraPradesh responded to the various queries of other farmers andalso shared his experience. Sharing his experience, he told thathe was practicing SRI from 1999. Out of 11 acres land, 5 acresland was used for SRI method. He was involved in pisciculture,floriculture, horticulture etc. After sharing his experience, heinvited questions from farmers. Despite language barrier, hemanaged to answer the queries.Q- When I use weeder, it works well for three times. But when I use it for the 4th time, there ishigh chance of lodging. Why did it happen? 14
  15. 15. A – It happened if the yield is very good or because of late weeding. The first weeding has tostart before the transplantation, followed by second and third weeding at an interval of 10 – 12days each. The purpose of the first weeding is to let the soil mix up well and be ready fortransplantation and also to ensure that not even a baby weed is present while seedlings aretransferred.Q- I am using organic fertiliser but crops are lodging. So what will I do?If you are using organic fertilisers, then it won’t happen. If we use chemical fertiliser for a longperiod and suddenly start using organic fertilisers then it happens. So we can graduallydecrease the amount of chemical fertiliser to avoid such situation. If the land is not fertile orwater management problem also leads to such situation. So we can use ash to supplement lackof Potassium. We can use compost, pot manure, vermicompost as it will help higher yieldwithout any harm to crops.Q- What do we do to avoid Stem borer and Leda?A – We can make a mix of cow dung, Neem leaves, papaya leaves, and Shikakayi leaves andboil it. Then apply it in field. It will arrest such pests. In SRI method, generally farmers don’thave these complains of pest or disease.Smt. Kuntala Hati, Hinjiligadia village, Nayagarh Kuntala Hati originally belongs to Hinjiligadia village, Nayagarh. She got exposed to SRI in the year 2008 by Keshrapur Jiban Parishad. In the first year she got a bumper crop of 47 quintal per acre. Since then she never looked back and has been increasing his land under SRI. She also applied neem oil and cake to protect his field from disease and pest attack. She is an ardent lover of SRI. In appreciation of thesuccess of SRI and at the same time lamenting on the unchanged fate of farmer she quoted“Mati Hasuchi kintu Chasi Kanduchi.” They had cultivated paddy but were unable to sell itbecause of price issue. But she continued to believe that if all joined hands then there would beno scarcity of food.Shri Sukanta Gamango, Farmer, GajapatiSulkanta Gamango was practicing SRI since last two yrs. Earlier he didn’t believe in it butwhen he got 40 quintals paddy from one acre, he started implementing it in all his lands.Shri Sashi Bhusana Senapati, Farmer, RayagadaSashi Bhuasan, a successful SRI farmer shared his first hand experience and mentioned thatSRI method meant one – root revolution. In SRI there was no need to use chemical fertilisers. 15
  16. 16. It requires two kg seed for one Acre. Pragati, Koraput trained him on SRI and he got 150quintals paddy from four acres.Shri Balaram Chittadora, Farmer, Raygada A successful SRI practitioner, Shri Balaram told how he started cultivation through SRI andbenefits he got. Like other SRI practitioners, he pointed out that in SRI there was no need tobuy fertiliser. Organic fertiliser could be used as it kept the atmosphere healthy. He also sighted the problems he was facing during cultivation and said that earlier he facedsome problems during weeding. There should be proper arrangement of irrigation facility andproper market where crops could be sold in proper price.Shri Sudarshan Sahoo, Farmer, DeogarhSudarshan Sahoo, a 40 yrs old farmer of Deogarh is practicing SRI for wheat and paddycultivation. Earlier he did not believe in accepting or rejecting any new ideas withoutexperimenting it. He had been experimenting with SRI for the last two years in his field. Henow cultivates rice, wheat using SRI method in 2 acres of land and motivating a large numberof farmers, who have started discussing on SRI looking at Sudarshan’s success.At the end of the session, a film on SRI was screened and it was followed by Pala andDaskathia, presented by BOJBP, Nayagarh and PRAGATI, Koraput. DAY 2 SESSION 1Chaired by: Dasarathi Senapati, Secretary, CAARSri. Tushar Kant Dash- SRI SecretariatPresenting a brief view on work of SDTT, he said that since the formation of Dorabjee TataTrust, it worked for small and marginal farmers in rainfed situation. SRI had become afavourable name among farmers. In Orissa, SDTT along with Government and RKBY, CWShelped small and marginal farmers. In Orissa SDTT have 54 partners among which 36 partnersfrom CWS. He informed “Now it is working for 12025 farmers and in next 3 years it has theplan to work in 12 districts. NABARD is also going to negotiate with SDTT to extend itspatronage for SRI. With help of farmers, it can become a reform”.Mr. Piyush Jana- West BengalPresenting a comparative picture of Orissa and West Bengal, Mr. Jana mentioned that WestBengal, Government was not taking any initiative to promote use of organic fertilisers. WestBengal was the 2nd state to use chemical fertiliser. They cultivated watermelon, cucumber 16
  17. 17. which were directly consumed by people. In this way they were directly consuming poison.Their organisation, Pasari started in 07-08 with one farmer. It has been extended to 15members. In West Bengal, around 7000 farmers were practicing SRI. Now farmers are evenusing old varieties as they get more production because of SRI. Appreciating SRI method herequested all to promote use of organic fertilisers and supply poison free food to all.Dr. P. K. Roul, - OUAT Appreciating SRI, Dr. Roul stated that SRI meant Beauty. The symposium gave an impressionlike SRI meant ability. He said “We have already crossed the Beauty Phase”. It started in 1985and since it was 25 years it meant it was the adolescent phase. He explained that in childhoodwe learn and gradually we try to implement.SRI was different from traditional method, technology was different than tradition and organicfertiliser was different from chemical fertiliser and machine was different from manual labour.The farmer should have an understanding of how to sow seeds and plough, when to startweeding, how much fertiliser should be applied completely depended on farmer and thesituation.Still there are some areas that need attention • Effect on yield – If weeding was done manually without using weeder, what effect it would have on yield • Apply organic fertiliser as per the location • Decide the quantity of Chemical or organic fertiliser • How to control plant so that we will get better yield • Weeder Machine • Control of various diseases • Irrigation facility • Effect of SRI on soilThe effectiveness of knowledge depends on the location as everything is not applicableeverywhere.Shri Uttam Hota, Farmer,An SRI practitioner Shri Uttam Hota shared his experience on how he got training and startedpracticing it. That time there was no marker and weeder. Still he started doing it and got 30quintals from one acre. He also added that SRI could be applicable for cultivation of differentvegetables. In case one did not have land house roof could be used. It only needed one litre ofwater, one rack and some compost and would not affect roof. Stating his problems he said,earlier we faced some problems like labourers. But SRI minimised labourer problem as itneeded less labour.Shri Radhakanta Purohit, Farmer, BargarhSRI farmer Radhakanta set a trend by adding a new practice and became an example bycultivating through SRI in mountainous region where the irrigation problem was acute. Still hemanaged to cultivate successfully. “I did it in 18 to 20 acres of land without using any marker, 17
  18. 18. weeder etc. I am using traditional plough and compost. I used rope to mark the areas and now Iam harvesting 20 to 25 quintals per acre” he expressed enthusiastically. He also pointed outthat not only cooperation of NGOs or farmers but innovation in the agricultural policies wouldstrengthen agriculture.Shri Parameswar Naik, Farmer, NuapadaHe shared that SRI was very effective in hilly areas.Shri Iswar Sodhi, Farmer“Earlier, I didn’t believe but now I experimented” said the SRI share cropper. He successfullyharvested 30 quintals from one acre without using pesticide and chemical fertiliser. He wasusing Mandua weeder.Shri Kanhu Charan Pradhan, Farmer, NayagarhKesharpur Jiban Parishad introduced a ray of hope in the form of SRI. When we startedimplementing SRI, people said that we were mad. But we didn’t give up. We became sosuccessful that the then Collector visited our paddy fields.Shri Chaitanya Behera, Farmer, DhenkanalFirst I didn’t believe but now I experimented and successfully harvested a huge amount ofpaddy. I also produce vegetables like beans, BT Brinjal, Pumpkin etc using SRI method exceptPaddy.Shri Ramchandra Behera, Farmer, KeonjharWe got training under Sambhav but we are not convinced. We didn’t have any modernmachinery or technical knowledge. But gradually we accepted the new technology and getmore yields. Earlier I used to sow 75 kgs but now it is reduced to 25 kgs. I am getting 25quintal from the same land.Dr. Annie Poonam- Scientist, CRRI, Cuttack A leading scientist of Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI) mentioned that direct sowingneeded more seeds. But in SRI, the produce was more even with less amount of seed. But onlymanure could not satisfy nutrition level. So for high yielding both chemical and organicfertilisers, at least 25% chemical fertiliser for high yielding should be usedDr. Subhas Sahoo, Scientist, OUAT, BhubaneswarBoosting enthuses among farmers; Mr. Subhas explained that with problems only come thepossibilities of solution. If we don’t fall prey to inferiority and try to understand the market and 18
  19. 19. its requirement then we can overcome the problems. In winter thousand tonnes of leaves aredestroyed. If we can turn into manure then we will overcome problem of manure.After cutting paddy or crops, we can plough the field then it will fertilise the land as it works asmanure. In SRI method of cultivation, we can avoid problems of disease. So please recogniseour resources and try for maximum utilisation.Dr. Babaji Giri, Addl. Director, Department of AgricultureSRI was taken up in 2007 in various places. But small and marginal farmers are doing well init. In SRI they got many advantages. • More yield in few days • No fear of diseases • Less labourBut to get better result, we should do it on ourselves then we will get complete advantage of it.Now SRI became more successful in unprivileged areas than costal areas.Smt. Pravasini Behera, GanjamI am practicing SRI and doing Mandia cultivation. I get 3 times more Mandia than earlier. I usecompost, vermi compost, pot manure etc for it. Earlier my father was very upset with me as Istarted it with SRI. But it was so successful that in 22nd December it was published inNewspaper. SRI is really beneficial; we all should go for it.Shri Ramanarayan Nayak, SambalpurI learned from Sisir Parija on how to cultivate with organic fertiliser and SRI. Now I amgetting good yield.Shri Gajendra Behera, Balasore, Palli Pragati Krushak Mancha, SecretaryFrom last seven years, I have been sowing seeds in rows and got more yields. In 2008, I startedcultivation by using SRI and applied organic fertilisers and weeder also. Now I am doing Rice,Pulses, vegetables in rotation as it protects fertility of the land.Shri Shanischar Sabar, RaygadaI am practicing SRI from last two years. In SRI, we get more yields. So we should go aheadwith the method. Whatever we learned here through SRI will not only help us but ourpredecessors.“Ama Mati, ama Odisha, ama Bharat ra teka rakhiba, Ama SRI ku agei neba”. 19
  20. 20. Shri Kripa Majhi, BolangirDillip Bhoi trained me on SRI but I was afraid whether I can do it or not. I made a woodenweeder and start cultivation. Citing the type of land he said, “Chhamu jaha dele harase, pau paugala barase emiti bhuin, jaha bunile uthai nahi”.Now he is applying SRI in five acres of land and used pot manure, compost etc. Now he is alsoWe have to go ahead as “Chasi banchile desa banchiba aau chasi hasile desa hasiba.”meaning “When farmer will live, the country will live and when farmer will smile the countrywill smile”.providing training to other villagers. He said not to throw ash but use it as manure in field.Shri Nagaratnam Naidu, Farmer Andhra PradeshFirst I would like to say why we will go for SRI. We should do it to ensure food security,health security and economic security. Good yielding not only benefits a farmer it alsostrengthens the economic status of the country. So let us go ahead with SRI and ensurefinancial security of ourselves and our country.Shri Pramod Das, OPDSC, RaygadaShri Prabodh of Rayagada mentioned some bottleneck at Government level and said if we areclaiming that SRI became successful, and then what is the problem in extending it further. FirstGovernment provided Rs. 3 lacs for five acre to promote SRI, then next year it was reduced toRs. 10,000 per one acre. During implementation at the Panchayat level what will be the amountis quite a mystery for me. I don’t understand what kind of incentive is this. If we are sayingabout SRI and organic fertilisers, why Govt is not taking any initiative for it, if governmentwill give subsidy for different kind of organic fertilisers, then it will prompt farmers to buy it.Shri Prabhakar Adhikari, Pragati, KoraputUnder the leadership of Shri Radhamohan, SRI was started for small and marginal farmers.Now it has become fully fledged process, so when farmers practicing it, they should take careof climate and facilities available in that particular location.Shri Baikuntha Nath Pattanaik, Secy. BOJBP, NayagarhWe are here because we know about SRI. Now we have to promote it, then it will be fruitful.We should become ambassador for our villages. We should protect our land and makemaximum utilisation of our environment, resources. We have an ICER here in Bidyadharapur.We should take advantage of their research. 20
  21. 21. Felicitation of Farmers Concluding the workshop, Mrs. Rekha Panigrahi read out the letter of Memorandum which will be submitted to Honourable Agriculture Minister. 22 innovative farmers from different districts are felicitated by distinguished guests. (See annexure II and III)Vote of ThanksMr. Bijay Ram Senapati expressed happiness on the way the proceedings took place andthanked each and every one for participating actively in the workshop by sharing theirknowledge, experiences and fears and doubts on SRI. He thanked the dignitaries who havecome from other states to share their stories with Orissa practitioners. 21
  22. 22. Annexure-1 Agenda State Level Symposium on SRI20 – 21st March 10 DAY IRegistration 9.00 - 10.00Inaugural Ceremony 10.00 – 11.00Chorus Song and Lighting of CandleIntroduction of the GuestsWelcome AddressA Leading SRI Farmer (Smt. Kuntala Hati, Nayagarh)Stall Visit by the GuestsSRI Film Release and Screening 11.00 – 12.30Deliberations by Guest of Honour and Key Speakers Chair – Prof. RadhamohanGuests of Honour - Shri Trinatha Biswal, SRI Farmer, Ganjam - Smt. Purnima Rout, SRI Farmer, KoraputGuest Speakers - Shri U. P. Singh, Commissioner – cum – Secretary/Director, DoA, GoO - Dr. Babaji Giri, Additional Director, DoA, GoO - Srimati Kuntala Hati, Farmer, Badamba - Mr. Shibadatta Chowdhary, RDI - Mr Piyush Jana, PRASARI - Ms Geetanjali Jena, Trocaire - Mr. Shiv Kumar Tomar, PSI - Shri Jagadanada, State Information Commissioner - Smt. Rukmini Rao, Gramya, Secunderabad - Shri Tushar Kant Dash, SRI Secretariat - Shri Jagdish Pradhan, SVA, Bhubaneswar 22
  23. 23. - Prof. Shambu Prasad, XIMB, Bhubaneswar - Shri Gnana Prakasam, Executive Director, CWS - Shri Ambika Prasad Nanda, State head, UNDPKey Address by Chief Guest Dr. Damodar Rout, Honourable Minister Dept. of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt. of OdishaVote of ThanksBreak 12.30 -4.00- Screening of films on SRI 4 .00 – 5.30- Experience sharing by farmersCultural Programmes 6.00 – 8.30 DAY IISRI, An Alternative Livelihood Options for Small, Marginal and Tribal Farmers 9.00 – 12.30: Prospects and ChallengesChair - Sri. Dasarathi Senapati, CARRKey Speakers - Shri Sanischara Sabar, SRI Farmer, Rayagada - Smt. Sabitri Sahu, Badamba, Cuttack - Prof. Radhamohan - Shri Tushar Dash, SRI Secretariat - Dr. Babaji Giri, Addl. Director, DoA, GoO - Dr. Annie Poonam, Senior Scientist, CRRI - Shri Nagaratnam Naidu - Dr. P.K. Roul, OUAT - Shri Pramod Das, OPDSC, Rayagada - Shri Prabhakar Adhikari, PRAGATI, KoraputFelicitation of Farmers 12.30 – 12.50Vote of Thanks 12.50- 1.00 23
  24. 24. Annexure-3 LIST OF FARMERS FELICITATEDSL. Name Organisation DistrictNo 1. Shri Ram Narayan Baik ADARSA Sambalpur 2. Shri Antaryami Barada CARR Cuttack 3. Shri Chaitanya Behera ISWO Dhenkanal 4. Shri Dukhu Gadanaik JEETA Deogarh 5. Shri Tamala Naik SACAL Gajapati 6. Shri Sanku Sabar UAA Ganjam 7. Shri Gandhi Das WORD Keonjhar 8. Shri Uma Charan Sahu VICALP Gajapati 9. Smt. Kuntala Hati BOJBP Nayagarh 10. Shri Kanhu Charan Pradhan BOJBP Nayagarh 11. Shri Prahlad Pallei NIRMAN Nayagarh 12. Shri Ama Padhihari Samuha Malkanagiri Vikas 13. Shri Dharmananda Guntha PRAGATI Koraput 14. Shri Gopal Nanda Pallei OPDSC Rayagada 15. Shri Nagaratnam Naidu Individual Andhra Pradesh 24

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