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Oss In Libraries And We Information Professional
 

Oss In Libraries And We Information Professional

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OSS in Libraries and we the information professionals

OSS in Libraries and we the information professionals

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    Oss In Libraries And We Information Professional Oss In Libraries And We Information Professional Presentation Transcript

    • Open Source Software and we the Information Professionals Ashok Kumar Satapathy Asst. Librarian, Dept. Head, BIT, Bhubaneswar E-mail: ashoksatapathy@yahoo.com Contact No. : 9437040513
      • What is OSS :
        • According to Raymond (Raymond 2000) the definition of OSS is “Software that is freely redistributable and can readily be evolved and modified to fit changing needs”
        • Open source is a term to describe the tradition of
          • open standards
          • shared source code
          • collaborative development
        • In the open source movement, openness implies on the ability to access and change the source code, at any time, to support a desired capability.
      • History of the Open Source:
        • Richard Stallman is the founder of “Free Software Foundation”.
        • GNU Project Software, a project that advocating the distribution of “free” software that has been operational since the mid 80’s.
        • Since 1998, the open source software movement has become a revolution in software development.
        • Linus Torvalds developed “Linux” during 1990 and then the “Open Source” concept was emerged.
      • OSS and Librarianship:
      • Libraries do not exchange data and information for money. Libraries believe that free information will improve society.
      • OSS principles are similar like libraries, both put a premium on “open access”.
      • Both advocates for a “gift culture” and gain reputation.
      • OSS in Libraries:
      • Daniel Chudnov has done a lot to raise awareness of OSS in libraries. He is the maintainer of the www.oss4lib.org domain as well as its mailing lists.
      • On his site all the OSS related to libraries are listed. More than 100 software are listed in this site.
      • OSS technology is growing slow but steady process within the library community.
      • Why to use OSS in Libraries:
        • Budget constraint.
        • Open access to information:
        • Open access to Digital Repositories;
        • Open access to Journals and Databases;
        • Open courseware (E-learning)
        • Open standard (Preservation)
        • Since source code is available one can do lot of changes as per our requirement.
        • Incorporate the software into the another programme to perform new functions.
      • Popular OSS in Libraries:
        • Operating System:
        • Ubuntu, Fedora, etc.
        • Library Automation:
        • NewGenLib, Koha, OpenBiblio, Avanti, etc.
        • Digital Library:
        • Greenstone, Dspace, EPrints, etc.
        • There are various other OSS available for Multi Media, Desktop Publication and so on.
      • What is Library Automation:
      • “ Library Automation” is a buzz word in the contemporary environment. It refers to the implementation of information and communications technologies (ICT) in the libraries & information centers.
      • In other words, conversion of manual system into a specific MARC format which makes it suitable for cooperative networking and resource sharing among the libraries and information centers.
      • What is Library Automation:
      • In simple terms, application of computer in the library for day-to-day routine work with a standardised format. Each modules integrated with unified interface.
      • An integrated library system (ILS), also known as a library management system (LMS), is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed.
      • Need of Library Automation:
        • Increased operational efficiencies of the library staff.
        • Improve the quality, speed, accuracy, and effectiveness of services.
        • Get better access to other networks on the Web.
        • Facilitate wider access to information for their clients.
        • Smooth the progress of wider dissemination of information products and services.
    • ILS and Library Automation OPAC OPAC OPAC OPAC On WEB MANAGEMENT END USER Cataloguing System Database Server Circulation System Serial Control System OPAC Acquisition System OPAC OPAC On LAN NETWORKING
      • What is Digital Library :
        • Collection of digital objects (Text, Audio, Video, etc.) organised in such a way that end users retrieves exact document without any difficulties.
        • A new way of dealing with knowledge by Preserving, Collecting, Organising, Propagating, Accessing, etc. or we can say an organised collection of digital information.
      • OSS and their Availabilities:
        • Sourceforge.net owned by the Open Source Development Network Inc., provides a repository for Open Source Software Projects with over 60,000+ individual projects with 60 new ones being getting added everyday plus 600,000 user with 700 new ones joining everyday (2003).
        • Apart from that UNESCO provides several individual projects on Open Source Software.
      • Different OSS Projects:
        • Almost all the IIM and IITs implemented the OSS for Library Automation and Digital Libraries.
        • Out of them some projects are available at:
        • http://dspace.nitrkl.ac.in/dspace
        • http://drtc.isibang.ac.in/DRTC/greenst one.html
        • http://vidyanidhi.org.in etc.
      • We the information professionals should play an active role in the open source movement to develop the gift culture…
      • Thank U
      • &
      • Have a nice day