Otology:- The study of disease of the ear.
Otalgia:- Pain in the ear due tom disease of
jaw joint, neck, throat or teeth.
Tinnitus:- The sensation of sound in the ear.
Vertigo:- Swimming of the head .
Otorrhea:- Any discharge from the ear.
Otorrhagia:- Bleeding from the ear.
Otomycosis:- A fungus infection of the ear
causing irritation & inflammation.
Deafness:- Loss of hearing.
Otoplasty :-Surgical Repair & Reconstruction of
Otorhinolaryngology:- Study of ear, nose &
Audiometry:- An apparatus for measuring
Tympanoplasty:- It is repairment of tympanic
Myringotomy:- Incision in tympanic
membrane.The fluid is section out of
Osteitis:- Inflammation in bone.
Mastoiditis:- Inflammation of the mastoid antrum
Permanent sensorineural hearing loss
“It is an inflammation of middle ear
that most often occur in infant &
young children but can occur at
Due to etiological factor(URTI, Bacteria)
Exudates & edema in middle ear
Decrease retraction of tympanic membrane
Serous exudates in middle ear
Tympanic membrane rupture
ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA
Tympanic membrane erythema, may
Myringotomy or tympanotomy (incision in the
Chronic otitis media
Poor speech develop
“It is a long standing infection of a
part of whole of the middle year
characterised by ear discharge &
“Inflammation of the middle ear that
lasts for more than 6 weeks”
a.Serous Otitis media-
URTI or acute otitis media–> Fluid collection in
middle ear and obstruction of eutachian tube
tympanic membrane retraction.
Fluid become pus like necrosis tympanic
Could end up with mastoiditis ( if not stopped ).
careful suctioning of the ear under
Instillation of antibiotic drops
Ossiculoplasty (surgical reconstruction of the middle ear
bones to restore hearing)
Collect health history includes a complete
description of the ear problem.
Collect data about the duration and intensity of
the problem, its causes, and previous
Obtain Information about other health
problems and medications.
Physical assessment includes observation for
erythema, edema, otorrhea, lesions, and
characteristics such as odor and color of
Pain R/T Infection
Risk for infection R/T eustachian
Altered auditory sensory perception
R/T Fluid in the middle year.
Anxiety R/T surgical procedure,
potential loss of hearing,
Risk for trauma R/T balance
difficulties or vertigo during the
immediate postoperative period.