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The American Lab

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The American Lab

The American Lab


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  • 1. THE AMERICAN LAB
    Richard Boleslavsky & Maria Ouspenskaya
  • 2. The American Lab Theater
    Founded by Boleslavsky and Ouspenskaya
    The teachings were based off the old un-evolved ideas of Stanislavski.
    Gave Americans the opportunity to see what the Russians were doing in theater.
    Boleslavsky taught the aspects of the system.
    Ouspenskaya taught “animal exercises”
  • 3. Richard Boleslavsky
    Born February 4th 1889
    Fought as a cavalry lieutenant during World War I
    Left Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917 and went to Poland.
    along with Maria Ouspenskaya, he began to teach what would become known as Method acting.
    • He was married at least three times and had a
    son named Jan.
  • 4. Maria Ouspenskaya
    Maria Osupenskaya was born July 29, 1876 in Russia. 
    A member of the Moscow Art Theatre, later arriving in New York in 1922.
    In 1929 she branched out to form “The School of Dramatic Art” in New York with Boleslavsky.
    Ouspenskaya died December 3, 1949 from a stroke after receiving severe burns from falling asleep with a cigarette.
  • 5. Ensemble System vs. Star System
    The Ensemble System is a system of acting that involves several good acting all around.
    The Star System is a system that relied on one actor’s “star power” to bring in viewers. The rest of the acting did not matter.
  • 6. The Reformation of the magic “if”
    Stanislavski created the magic “if”
    “If I were this character how would I feel?”
    Vakhtangov altered the magic “if” to better suit himself.
    “What would motivate me to behave as the character behaves.”
  • 7. THE GREAT DEPRESSION
  • 8. Great Depression Facts
    The Great Depression was an economic slump in North America, Europe, and other industrialized areas of the world that began in 1929 to about 1939.
    For the next three years stock prices in the United States continued to fall until by late 1932 they had dropped to only about 20 percent of their value in 1929.
    Many banks were consequently forced into insolvency; by 1933, 11,000 of the 25,000 banks had failed. 
    The result was drastically falling output and drastically rising unemployment and by 1932 left 12- 15 million workers jobless.
    The overall end of the depression left a moral stain on the people of the Untied States with the rest of the world following with it.
  • 9. Great Depression Facts (cont.)
    Dates of the Great Depression in various countries
    Country
    Depression began
    Recovery began
    United States
    1929:3
    1933:2
    United Kingdom
    1930:1
    1932:4
    Germany
    1928:1
    1932:3
    France
    1930:2
    1932:3
    Italy
    1929:3
    1933:1
    Japan
    1930:1
    1932:3
  • 10. Great Depression Facts (cont.)
    Canada
    1929:2
    1933:2
    Belgium
    1929:3
    1932:4
    The Netherlands
    1929:4
    1933:2
    Sweden
    1930:2
    1932:3
    Switzerland
    1929:4
    1933:1
    Denmark
    1930:4
    1933:2
    Poland
    1929:1
    1933:2
    Czechoslovakia
    1929:4
    1933:2
    Argentina
    1929:2
    1932:1
    Brazil
    1928:3
    1931:4
    India
    1929:4
    1931:4
    South Africa
    1930:1
    1933:1
  • 11. Great Depression Facts (cont.)
    Peak-to-trough decline in industrial production in various countries(annual data)
    Country
    Decline
    United States
    46.8%
    United Kingdom
    16.2%
    Germany
    41.8%
    France
    31.3%
    Italy
    33.0%
    Japan
    8.5%
    Canada
    42.4%
    Belgium
    30.6%
    The Netherlands
    37.4%
    Sweden
    10.3%
    Denmark
    16.5%
    Poland
    46.6%
    Czechoslovakia
    40.4%
    Argentina
    17.0%
  • 12. Theater during The Great Depression
    Theatre still continued under the conditions of the Great Depression. 
    No company was more successful in continuing this other than the  Group Theatre.
    Founded in 1931 by the directors Harold Clurman, Lee Strasberg, and Cheryl Crawford.  Survived throughout the Great Depression in New York City as a noncommercial repertory company devoted to plays of current relevance, significance, emphasizing the realistic acting style known as the Method,.
    The company featured actors such as Stella Adler, John Garfield, Franchot Tone, Lee J. Cobb, Karl Malden, and Elia Kazan.
  • 13. The End
    Any Questions?