Rejection of liberalism  germany and russia
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Rejection of liberalism germany and russia Document Transcript

  • 1. The Extent to which the Rejection of Liberalism by Nazi Germany and Soviet Communism is Justified<br />Nazi Germany<br />The events leading up to Germany wanting to reject liberalism were ones of desperation. Before Hitler came into power, Germany’s economy was in ruins. Germany’s government was forced to pay reparations after their defeat in the war, but wasn’t in a good position to continue to pay the reparations implemented by the Treaty of Versailles. To makes matters worse, France and Belgium invaded Germany’s industrial region. <br />Their countries conditions were worsening, so the banks from America loaned money to Germany, which in the end left Germany in even more massive debt. Germany’s citizens blamed their liberalist government for their defeat and for the Treaty of Versailles which had led to all these economic hardships. Their defeat in the war had undermined the German voter’s confidence which was carried towards liberal democracy. <br />Germany’s economic hardships, unemployment and poverty had quickly become advantages for Hitler to gain power over Germany. Hitler had declared it was the responsibility of the State to provide every citizen with equal opportunity to earn a living and that everyone was obligated to be able to work. Hitler had begun to advocate law and order policies appealing the German’s needs. <br />The Nazi’s good intentions soon started to go downhill. Protests and riots soon began to break out, so the Nazi’s used their paramilitary, the Storm Troopers, to start more riots and to instigate political violence. Hitler had capitalized on Germany’s rising level of fear, which was partially caused by the actions of the Nazi’s/ Storm Troopers. <br />Building off of Germany’s citizen’s fear and desperation for change, Hitler was claiming stronger government was in need to control the chaos that had gripped their nation. Afterwards, ironically the government agreed that they thought Hitler posed no real threat and could easily be manipulated when in rule of Germany. In 1933 the Nazi’s have gained power in Germany. The Nazi’s had soon begun to temporarily restrict civil liberties for all German citizens and they were never restored. <br />Russia<br />The rejection to the Russian Monarchy much began under some of the same circumstances as Germany did. Food was scarce and the German people were forced to pay heavy taxes. The gap between Russian peasants and nobles had grew increasingly further apart more and more every day. Russia’s citizens grew more miserable with Tsar’s autocratic rule and they wanted the Tsar out of power to be replaced by a more democratic rule. Russia’s citizens had thought that other powers were progressing faster and thought that the Tsar should do the same. <br />Russia’s defeat in the Russo-Japanese war had made Russian citizens lose confidence in the Tsar and it’s military. After their defeat, the people of Russia had started to present petitions regarding better work conditions, medical benefits and more freedom. They had wanted the parliament to implement their views. The Tsar didn’t think this was necessary and thus started “Bloody Sunday.” The unarmed demonstrators had been shot by the Tsar’s troops and many innocent protesters were killed. Bloody Sunday had started many more outbursts afterwards. The Tsar’s troops had been mutinied and the Russian peasants had started to demand that the Tsar created a Duma and give them more freedom. Afterwards, the Tsar had finally decided to form a Duma and to allow more freedom of speech to the Russian citizens. This had been the Tsar’s chance to improve his people’s living and work condition standards. Instead of employing the Duma to help him gain support, he ended up making a huge mess out of everything and going power hungry. <br />Up until WWI, Russia had been one of the world’s most major powers at the time. The Tsar, being under Rasputin’s influence once again had started to make many new changes to administration and to put Russia into further crisis. The Russian’s during the war had been financed by printing and borrowing money instead of raising taxes, this had made their living conditions even worse. More and more riots and protested started to break out due to the lack of hope and their extreme hatred for the Tsar. During the revolution not only Russian citizens have been fighting against the defective government, but the soldiers had also begun to fight against their government because everyone felt that the government was defective. <br />The people had started to demand change in the administration, but the Tsar refused to cooperate. The Duma, who was desperate for peace and change had tried to force the Tsar to make an immediate decision to either change of pass on power. The Tsar had decided to put his brother in charge, but he refused the throne, thus forming a democratic provisional Government on a temporary basis which had put an end to the reign of the Monarchy. <br />