OUTLINE• The Issue of Obesity: Social ScienceDisciplines• Obesity Statistics (Activity Break )• Activity: What’s your diet like?• Schools Critical Role/Standards• Lesson Plan (4thgrade)
The Issue of Obesity:Social Science Disciplines• Geography: Why does location matter? Howdo children interact with their environment?Hint: Ramona vs. Downtown SD• Sociology: How could the structure of familylife affect a child’s propensity to become obese?How does poverty contribute to obesity?• Political Science: What are the roles andresponsibilities of government?• Psychology: How do children develop?
Dancing kitty is very funny……but childhood obesity is no joke.
Childhood Obesity Facts• From 1980-2010 obesity doubled inchildren and tripled in adolescents.• Children 6-11 years 7% to 18%.• Adolescents 12-19 years 5% to 18%.• As of 2010 more than 1/3 of children andadolescents were overweight or obese.Source: Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Childhood Obesity Facts:Minority and Low Income Children• Disproportionately affected• Black/Hispanic 1 in 5 compared with White1 in 7• More likely to be diagnosed with type-2diabetes• Almost 45% of children between ages 10-17 are overweight or obese.Source: Children’s Defense Fund, Policy Priorities, Childhood Obesity
Causes of Obesity:Lifestyle Contributions• Poor diets• Only 1/5 high school children eats the 5recommended serving of fruits/vegetables• 1/3 eat fast food every single day (=6 extrapounds/year).• Sugar sweetened beverages• Ages 11-14 spend average of almost 12 hourswatching TV, on computer, or playing videogamesSource: Children’s Defense Fund, Policy Priorities, Childhood Obesity
Causes of Obesity:Lack of Physical Activity• Experts recommend ages 6-19 get 60minutes of moderate to vigorous activitymost days, however, 2/3 not meeting thisrecommendation.Source: Children’s Defense Fund, Policy Priorities, Childhood Obesity
Negative Health Effects• High risk factors for cardiovascular disease suchas high blood pressure or high cholesterol• Pre diabetes more likely• Bone & joint problems• Sleep apnea, social and psychological problems• AsthmaSource: Centers for Disease Control (CDC)Source: Emily Main, MSN.
Long Term Health Effects• Likely to become obese adults• Increased risk of:– Heart disease– Type-2 diabetes– Stroke– Several types of cancer– OsteoarthritisSource: Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Healthy Lifestyle Habits• Healthy Eating– Promote food groups and proportion.– More whole grains, beans/peas (protein), lesssaturated fats, more orange/red/dark green veggies,fruits (sparingly), less processed foods.• Physical Activity– Swimming, hiking, sports, running, walking, bikeriding, skateboarding, surfing, and so much more…
Activity: What did you eat forbreakfast?Healthy UnhealthyMilk Chocolate chip muffinYogurt Reese Puff CerealCheerios Nothing! 1Eggs Arroz con LecheBreakfast burrito Chocolate Frosted FlakesOatmeal Jack n the BoxEgg, Cheese, Toast w/ PB Burger KingLife Poptart
Schools Critical Role• Policies and practices that support healthybehavior…Examples: Activity Breaks, school lunches,PE, after school sports• Opportunity for kids to learn about andpractice healthy eating and get theirphysical activitySource: Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Health Education Standards:4thGrade1.1 Identify and define key nutrients andtheir functions1.2 state the recommended number ofse4rvings and serving sizes for differentfood groups5.1 describe how to use a decision makingprocess to select nutritious foods andbeverages
References• CDC. (2013). “Childhood Obesity Facts”.http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/obesity/facts.htm• Childrens Defense Fund. (2012). “Childhood Obesity”.http://www.childrensdefense.org/policy-priorities/childrens-health/child-nutrition/childhood-obesity.html• Main, Emily. “What fast-food is doing to your kids.” MSN Healthy Living,2013. http://healthyliving.msn.com/pregnancy-parenting/kids-health/what-fast-food-is-doing-to-your-kids#scptih• USDA. MyPlate at Home, 2012.http://teamnutrition.usda.gov/Resources/MyPlateAtHome.pdf• California Department of Education. (2008) “Health Education ContentStandards for California Public Schools K-12”.