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White grammar lesson

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Transcript

  • 1. Present-Perfect Tense Ashley E. White ESL 502
  • 2. What Is The Same?
    • I have ridden a pony.
    • I have not ridden an elephant.
    • I have run a marathon.
    • I have not run a marathon.
    • All of the sentences use the phrase “I have” to describe an event that did or did not happen in the past.
  • 3. What’s The Same?
    • I rode a pony yesterday.
    • I did not ride an elephant last weekend.
    • I ran a marathon on Thursday.
    • I did not run in a marathon this year.
    • These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year).
  • 4. Compare Each Group!
    • Group 1
    • I have ridden a pony.
    • I have not ridden a elephant.
    • I have run a marathon.
    • I have not run a marathon.
    • Group 2
    • I rode a pony yesterday.
    • I did not ride an elephant last weekend.
    • I ran a marathon on Thursday.
    • I did not run in a marathon this year.
  • 5. Interesting Differences!
    • Group 1  Present Perfect
    • The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.”
    • The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past.
    • Specific dates and times of events are not given.
    • Group 2  Simple Past
    • The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.”
    • The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future.
    • Specific dates and times are given.
  • 6. When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense
    • To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date.
      • I have been stung by a bee.
    • To tell about an event that repeats.
      • I have been to Africa three times.
    • To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue.
      • I have a headache.
  • 7. Think-Pair-Share!
    • Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense?
    • 1. I have a dog when I was 2.
    • 2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times.
    • 3. I have not broken a bone before.
  • 8. Asking Questions
    • You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien?
    • Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time.
    • How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share)
    • Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien.
  • 9. More Questions!
    • When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example:
    • Statement: I have seen a shooting star.
    • Question: Have you seen a shooting star?
    • What words have been rearranged in the sentences?
  • 10. Playful Practice
    • On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab.
    • Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane?
    • For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game