These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year).
Compare Each Group! Group 1 Group 2 I have ridden a pony. I have not ridden a elephant. I have run a marathon. I have not run a marathon. I rode a pony yesterday. I did not ride an elephant last weekend. I ran a marathon on Thursday. I did not run in a marathon this year.
Interesting Differences! Group 2 Simple Past Group 1 Present Perfect
The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.”
The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future.
Think-Pair-Share! Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense? 1. I have a dog when I was 2. 2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times. 3. I have not broken a bone before.
What words have been rearranged in the sentences?
Playful Practice On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab. Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane? For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game