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White grammar lesson


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  • 1. Present-Perfect Tense
    Ashley E. White
    ESL 502
  • 2. What Is The Same?
    • I have ridden a pony.
    • 3. I have not ridden an elephant.
    • 4. I have run a marathon.
    • 5. I have not run a marathon.
    • 6. All of the sentences use the phrase “I have” to describe an event that did or did not happen in the past.
  • What’s The Same?
    • I rode a pony yesterday.
    • 7. I did not ride an elephant last weekend.
    • 8. I ran a marathon on Thursday.
    • 9. I did not run in a marathon this year.
    • 10. These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year).
  • Compare Each Group!
    Group 1
    Group 2
    I have ridden a pony.
    I have not ridden a elephant.
    I have run a marathon.
    I have not run a marathon.
    I rode a pony yesterday.
    I did not ride an elephant last weekend.
    I ran a marathon on Thursday.
    I did not run in a marathon this year.
  • 11. Interesting Differences!
    Group 2 Simple Past
    Group 1 Present Perfect
    • The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.”
    • 12. The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future.
    • 13. Specific dates and times are given.
    The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.”
    The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past.
    Specific dates and times of events are not given.
  • 14. When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense
    • To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date.
    • 15. I have been stung by a bee.
    • 16. To tell about an event that repeats.
    • 17. I have been to Africa three times.
    • 18. To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue.
    • 19. I have a headache.
  • Think-Pair-Share!
    Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense?
    1. I have a dog when I was 2.
    2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times.
    3. I have not broken a bone before.
  • 20. Asking Questions
    • You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien?
    • 21. Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time.
    • 22. How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share)
    • 23. Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien.
  • More Questions!
    • When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example:
    • 24. Statement: I have seen a shooting star.
    • 25. Question: Have you seen a shooting star?
    • 26. What words have been rearranged in the sentences?
  • Playful Practice
    On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab.
    Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane?
    For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game