These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year).</li></li></ul><li>Compare Each Group!<br />Group 1<br />Group 2<br />I have ridden a pony.<br />I have not ridden a elephant.<br />I have run a marathon.<br />I have not run a marathon. <br />I rode a pony yesterday.<br />I did not ride an elephant last weekend.<br />I ran a marathon on Thursday.<br />I did not run in a marathon this year.<br />
Interesting Differences!<br />Group 2 Simple Past<br />Group 1 Present Perfect<br /><ul><li>The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.”
The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future.
Specific dates and times are given.</li></ul>The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.”<br />The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past.<br />Specific dates and times of events are not given.<br />
When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense<br /><ul><li>To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date.
To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue.
I have a headache.</li></li></ul><li>Think-Pair-Share!<br />Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense?<br />1. I have a dog when I was 2.<br />2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times.<br />3. I have not broken a bone before.<br />
Asking Questions<br /><ul><li>You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien?
Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time.
How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share)
Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien.</li></li></ul><li>More Questions!<br /><ul><li>When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example:
What words have been rearranged in the sentences?</li></li></ul><li>Playful Practice<br />On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab.<br />Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane?<br />For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game<br />