All of the sentences use the phrase “I have” to describe an event that did or did not happen in the past.
What’s The Same?
I rode a pony yesterday.
I did not ride an elephant last weekend.
I ran a marathon on Thursday.
I did not run in a marathon this year.
These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year).
Compare Each Group! Group 1 Group 2 I have ridden a pony. I have not ridden a elephant. I have run a marathon. I have not run a marathon. I rode a pony yesterday. I did not ride an elephant last weekend. I ran a marathon on Thursday. I did not run in a marathon this year.
Interesting Differences! Group 2 Simple Past Group 1 Present Perfect
The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.”
The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future.
Specific dates and times are given.
The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.” The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past. Specific dates and times of events are not given.
When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense
To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date.
I have been stung by a bee.
To tell about an event that repeats.
I have been to Africa three times.
To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue.
I have a headache.
Think-Pair-Share! Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense? 1. I have a dog when I was 2. 2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times. 3. I have not broken a bone before.
You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien?
Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time.
How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share)
Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien.
When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example:
Statement: I have seen a shooting star.
Question: Have you seen a shooting star?
What words have been rearranged in the sentences?
Playful Practice On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab. Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane? For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game