Asthma
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Transcript

  • 1. What is Asthma?
    Symptoms and Treatments
  • 2. What is Asthma?
    A chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways
    Can cause wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing
    An asthma “attack” can last minutes to hours and if not treated properly, can be deadly
    Asthma is not curable, just treatable
    Children do not grow out of it, if it seems to be better when they are older, it is just their lungs have developed
  • 3. More on Asthma
    No cure
    Can be inherited
    Can be caused by certain respiratory infections during childhood
    Can acquire occupational asthma - asthma due to exposure to certain chemical irritants or industrial dusts in the workplace
  • 4. Comparison of Airways
  • 5. Signs of Asthma
    Recurrent episodes of wheezing
    Coughing or wheezing after exercising
    Cough, wheeze or chest tightness due to allergens or pollutants
    Shortness of breath
  • 6. Causes of Asthma
    Pet hair or Dander
    Dust
    Exercise
    Mold
    Changes in weather (usually warm to cold)
    Colds
    Stress
    Tobacco smoke
  • 7. Asthma Worldwide
    According to WHO (World Heath Organization) about 300 million people worldwide have asthma.
    Of that 300 million, nearly 250,000 people die each year from asthma
  • 8. Asthma in America
    Currently 17.5 million adults have asthma
    7.1 children have asthma
    Number of deaths 3,447
    Minorities in America have a higher risk of having asthma
  • 9. Prevalence by Age (U.S.)
    P
    E
    R
    C
    E
    N
    T
    Age Group
  • 10. Risk Factors for Fatal Asthma
    Poor family support – poor to no access to health care, does not know signs or symptoms of asthma
    Ethnicity and socioeconomic status
    Previous near fatal attacks
    Withdrawal from systemic corticosteroids
  • 11. Treatment for Asthma
    Nebulizer Compressor Systems – medication is inhaled through a breather machine
    Inhalers
    Singulair, advair
    Corticosteroids (injected directly into vein during a sever attack)