Asthma

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Asthma

  1. 1. What is Asthma?<br />Symptoms and Treatments<br />
  2. 2. What is Asthma?<br />A chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways<br />Can cause wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing<br />An asthma “attack” can last minutes to hours and if not treated properly, can be deadly<br />Asthma is not curable, just treatable<br />Children do not grow out of it, if it seems to be better when they are older, it is just their lungs have developed<br />
  3. 3. More on Asthma<br />No cure<br />Can be inherited <br />Can be caused by certain respiratory infections during childhood<br />Can acquire occupational asthma - asthma due to exposure to certain chemical irritants or industrial dusts in the workplace<br />
  4. 4. Comparison of Airways<br />
  5. 5. Signs of Asthma<br />Recurrent episodes of wheezing<br />Coughing or wheezing after exercising <br />Cough, wheeze or chest tightness due to allergens or pollutants<br />Shortness of breath<br />
  6. 6. Causes of Asthma<br />Pet hair or Dander<br />Dust<br />Exercise<br />Mold<br />Changes in weather (usually warm to cold)<br />Colds<br />Stress<br />Tobacco smoke<br />
  7. 7. Asthma Worldwide<br />According to WHO (World Heath Organization) about 300 million people worldwide have asthma.<br />Of that 300 million, nearly 250,000 people die each year from asthma<br />
  8. 8. Asthma in America<br />Currently 17.5 million adults have asthma<br />7.1 children have asthma<br />Number of deaths 3,447<br />Minorities in America have a higher risk of having asthma<br />
  9. 9. Prevalence by Age (U.S.) <br />P<br />E<br />R<br />C<br />E<br />N<br />T<br />Age Group<br />
  10. 10. Risk Factors for Fatal Asthma<br />Poor family support – poor to no access to health care, does not know signs or symptoms of asthma<br />Ethnicity and socioeconomic status<br />Previous near fatal attacks<br />Withdrawal from systemic corticosteroids<br />
  11. 11. Treatment for Asthma<br />Nebulizer Compressor Systems – medication is inhaled through a breather machine<br />Inhalers<br />Singulair, advair<br />Corticosteroids (injected directly into vein during a sever attack)<br />

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