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Overview on Autism

Overview on Autism






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    Overview on Autism Overview on Autism Presentation Transcript

    • An Overview of AutismSpectrum DisorderKarla Saval, M.Ed.Maryland State Department of EducationDivision of Special Education/Early Intervention Services
    • Overview●What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?●Your child has been diagnosed with Autism: Now What?■Early intervention■Autism Waiver registry■Elements of Effective Service Delivery tochildren with Autism■Resources
    • What is Autism? “Autism is a complex developmentaldisability that typically appears during thefirst 3 years of life and is the result of aneurological disorder that affects thenormal functioning of the brain, impactingdevelopment .” -Autism Society of America
    • What is Autism?●Video from the Centers for Disease Control(3:38) http://www.cdc.gov/NCBDDD/autism/videos/whatisautism.html
    • Diagnosis●Three main criteria:●Qualitative impairment in social interaction●Qualitative impairment in communication●Restricted, repetitive, stereotypic patterns ofbehavior/ circumscribed interests, activities●Three main categories:●Autism●Asperger’s Disorder●Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not OtherwiseSpecified (PDD-NOS)
    • Autism●Interferes with development of reasoning,social interaction, and communication skills●Is a “spectrum disorder”●has implications for an array of social,language, educational, sensory, behavioral,and medical issues
    • Autism, by numbers…●1 in 88 boys will be diagnosed with ASD●The number of children in Marylandidentified as having an ASD has dramaticallyincreased from 260 in 1993 to 8,827 in 2010●There are 900 slots for Maryland’s AutismWaiver, and 3,700+ children on the Registry (CDC, MSDE, 2012)
    • Autism results in difficulties inthe following areas:●Self Regulation●Executive Functioning●Socialization/Communication●Biomedical Complications/ Comorbid DisordersLet’s explore each of these…
    • A Steady Rise in Autism in Maryland Schools Produced by the Maryland State Department of Education 4/20/10 Produced by the Maryland State Department of Education 4/20/10 *
    • What are the challenges experienced by youth with ASD?●Academic●Behavioral●Social
    • Self Regulation●As a result of biomedical issues, individualswith Autism may have difficulty withregulating their:●Attention●Wakefulness●Stress●Frustration●Response to sensory stimuli
    • Executive Functioning●Children with Autism exhibit deficits inexecutive functioning, specifically withreference to these domains:●Planning●Organization●Flexibility●Self-monitoring
    • Socialization/CommunicationYouth with Autism have may have difficulty:●Communicating wants and needs●Establishing shared attention with peers●Monitoring social signals ←→●Reading social cues●Responding to others’ stress●Reading others’ expression of emotion●Making social inferences●Understanding others’ perspectives
    • Biomedical Complications/ComorbidDisorders ●Gastrointestinal problems ●Sleep Disturbance ●Anxiety ●Depression ●Seizure Disorder ●Vitamin Deficiency
    • Did you know… …that the average child with Autism Spectrum Disorder isengaged in a minimum of 5 complimentary and alternativemedical interventions to remediate his biomedical symptoms?●Dietary regimens●Psychopharmacological treatment●Neurological interventions●Vitamin/Nutritional Supplementation●Detoxification therapy●Physical Therapy●Experimental Therapies (IAN, 2008)
    • Challenges to Learning●Biomedical Complications●Environmental factors●Communication●Choices●Social/Emotional Competence●Methodological approach to instruction●Setting in which IEP is being implemented
    • Behavioral Challenges Environmental factors that make youth withAutism “NUTS”●Novelty●Unpredictability●Threatening●Sense of control is limited(Sonia Lupien)
    • Resources● Autism Society of America●Education, advocacy, services, research andsupport●http://www.autism-society.org/●1-800-328-8476
    • Resources● Autism Speaks 100 Day Kit●Action planning for the first 100 days after adiagnosis of autism http://www.autismspeaks.org/family-services/tool-kits/100-day-kit
    • Resources● Pathfinders for Autism●We’re newly diagnosed. Where do we begin? http://www.pathfindersforautism.org/articles/category/newly-diagnosed●This site provides a comprehensive listing of thevariety of supports, services, and resourcesavailable in Maryland
    • Resources● Maryland State Department of Education■ AutismConnect■This site contains recommendations made in theAutism Task Force Report, released in 2004, aswell as MSDE research, education, and advocacyinitiatives and partnerships focused on autism.● www.autismconnectmd.org
    • Resources● Maryland State Department of Education●The Early Childhood Gateway●A resource for providers and families with youngchildren with disabilities, birth through fivehttp://www.mdecgateway.org/home
    • Family Support Services●Maryland has Family Support ServicesCoordinators in each jurisdiction that assistfamilies of children with disabilities ages birthto 21. A directory of Family Support Servicesis on the web at www.mdecgateway.org.For additional information, call:●1-800-535-0182
    • Questions?Contact:Karla M. Saval, M.Ed.Interagency Staff Specialist- Autism, Children’s MentalHealthMaryland State Department of EducationDivision of Special Education/ Early Intervention Services200 West Baltimore StreetBaltimore, MD 21201ksaval@msde.state.md.us(410)767-0827