An Overview of AutismSpectrum DisorderKarla Saval, M.Ed.Maryland State Department of EducationDivision of Special Educatio...
Overview●What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?●Your child has been diagnosed  with Autism: Now What?■Early intervention■Autism...
What is Autism?   “Autism is a complex developmentaldisability that typically appears during thefirst 3 years of life and ...
What is Autism?●Video from the Centers for Disease Control(3:38)   http://www.cdc.gov/NCBDDD/autism/videos/whatisautism.html
Diagnosis●Three main criteria:●Qualitative impairment in social interaction●Qualitative impairment in communication●Restri...
Autism●Interferes with development of reasoning,social interaction, and communication skills●Is a “spectrum disorder”●has ...
Autism, by numbers…●1 in 88 boys will be diagnosed with ASD●The number of children in Marylandidentified as having an ASD ...
Autism results in difficulties inthe following areas:●Self Regulation●Executive Functioning●Socialization/Communication●Bi...
A Steady Rise in Autism in Maryland Schools                                    Produced by the Maryland State Department o...
What are the challenges experienced by    youth with ASD?●Academic●Behavioral●Social
Self Regulation●As a result of biomedical issues, individualswith Autism may have difficulty withregulating their:●Attenti...
Executive Functioning●Children with Autism exhibit deficits inexecutive functioning, specifically withreference to these d...
Socialization/CommunicationYouth with Autism have may have difficulty:●Communicating wants and needs●Establishing shared a...
Biomedical Complications/ComorbidDisorders                 ●Gastrointestinal problems                 ●Sleep Disturbance  ...
Did you know… …that the average child with Autism Spectrum Disorder isengaged in a minimum of 5 complimentary and alternat...
Challenges to Learning●Biomedical Complications●Environmental factors●Communication●Choices●Social/Emotional Competence●Me...
Behavioral Challenges  Environmental factors that make youth withAutism “NUTS”●Novelty●Unpredictability●Threatening●Sense ...
Resources●   Autism Society of America●Education, advocacy, services, research andsupport●http://www.autism-society.org/●1...
Resources●   Autism Speaks 100 Day Kit●Action planning for the first 100 days after adiagnosis of autism   http://www.auti...
Resources●   Pathfinders for Autism●We’re newly diagnosed. Where do we begin? http://www.pathfindersforautism.org/articles...
Resources●   Maryland State Department of Education■ AutismConnect■This site contains recommendations made in theAutism Ta...
Resources●   Maryland State Department of Education●The Early Childhood Gateway●A resource for providers and families with...
Family Support Services●Maryland has Family Support ServicesCoordinators in each jurisdiction that assistfamilies of child...
Questions?Contact:Karla M. Saval, M.Ed.Interagency Staff Specialist- Autism, Children’s MentalHealthMaryland State Departm...
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Overview on Autism

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Overview on Autism

  1. 1. An Overview of AutismSpectrum DisorderKarla Saval, M.Ed.Maryland State Department of EducationDivision of Special Education/Early Intervention Services
  2. 2. Overview●What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?●Your child has been diagnosed with Autism: Now What?■Early intervention■Autism Waiver registry■Elements of Effective Service Delivery tochildren with Autism■Resources
  3. 3. What is Autism? “Autism is a complex developmentaldisability that typically appears during thefirst 3 years of life and is the result of aneurological disorder that affects thenormal functioning of the brain, impactingdevelopment .” -Autism Society of America
  4. 4. What is Autism?●Video from the Centers for Disease Control(3:38) http://www.cdc.gov/NCBDDD/autism/videos/whatisautism.html
  5. 5. Diagnosis●Three main criteria:●Qualitative impairment in social interaction●Qualitative impairment in communication●Restricted, repetitive, stereotypic patterns ofbehavior/ circumscribed interests, activities●Three main categories:●Autism●Asperger’s Disorder●Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not OtherwiseSpecified (PDD-NOS)
  6. 6. Autism●Interferes with development of reasoning,social interaction, and communication skills●Is a “spectrum disorder”●has implications for an array of social,language, educational, sensory, behavioral,and medical issues
  7. 7. Autism, by numbers…●1 in 88 boys will be diagnosed with ASD●The number of children in Marylandidentified as having an ASD has dramaticallyincreased from 260 in 1993 to 8,827 in 2010●There are 900 slots for Maryland’s AutismWaiver, and 3,700+ children on the Registry (CDC, MSDE, 2012)
  8. 8. Autism results in difficulties inthe following areas:●Self Regulation●Executive Functioning●Socialization/Communication●Biomedical Complications/ Comorbid DisordersLet’s explore each of these…
  9. 9. A Steady Rise in Autism in Maryland Schools Produced by the Maryland State Department of Education 4/20/10 Produced by the Maryland State Department of Education 4/20/10 *
  10. 10. What are the challenges experienced by youth with ASD?●Academic●Behavioral●Social
  11. 11. Self Regulation●As a result of biomedical issues, individualswith Autism may have difficulty withregulating their:●Attention●Wakefulness●Stress●Frustration●Response to sensory stimuli
  12. 12. Executive Functioning●Children with Autism exhibit deficits inexecutive functioning, specifically withreference to these domains:●Planning●Organization●Flexibility●Self-monitoring
  13. 13. Socialization/CommunicationYouth with Autism have may have difficulty:●Communicating wants and needs●Establishing shared attention with peers●Monitoring social signals ←→●Reading social cues●Responding to others’ stress●Reading others’ expression of emotion●Making social inferences●Understanding others’ perspectives
  14. 14. Biomedical Complications/ComorbidDisorders ●Gastrointestinal problems ●Sleep Disturbance ●Anxiety ●Depression ●Seizure Disorder ●Vitamin Deficiency
  15. 15. Did you know… …that the average child with Autism Spectrum Disorder isengaged in a minimum of 5 complimentary and alternativemedical interventions to remediate his biomedical symptoms?●Dietary regimens●Psychopharmacological treatment●Neurological interventions●Vitamin/Nutritional Supplementation●Detoxification therapy●Physical Therapy●Experimental Therapies (IAN, 2008)
  16. 16. Challenges to Learning●Biomedical Complications●Environmental factors●Communication●Choices●Social/Emotional Competence●Methodological approach to instruction●Setting in which IEP is being implemented
  17. 17. Behavioral Challenges Environmental factors that make youth withAutism “NUTS”●Novelty●Unpredictability●Threatening●Sense of control is limited(Sonia Lupien)
  18. 18. Resources● Autism Society of America●Education, advocacy, services, research andsupport●http://www.autism-society.org/●1-800-328-8476
  19. 19. Resources● Autism Speaks 100 Day Kit●Action planning for the first 100 days after adiagnosis of autism http://www.autismspeaks.org/family-services/tool-kits/100-day-kit
  20. 20. Resources● Pathfinders for Autism●We’re newly diagnosed. Where do we begin? http://www.pathfindersforautism.org/articles/category/newly-diagnosed●This site provides a comprehensive listing of thevariety of supports, services, and resourcesavailable in Maryland
  21. 21. Resources● Maryland State Department of Education■ AutismConnect■This site contains recommendations made in theAutism Task Force Report, released in 2004, aswell as MSDE research, education, and advocacyinitiatives and partnerships focused on autism.● www.autismconnectmd.org
  22. 22. Resources● Maryland State Department of Education●The Early Childhood Gateway●A resource for providers and families with youngchildren with disabilities, birth through fivehttp://www.mdecgateway.org/home
  23. 23. Family Support Services●Maryland has Family Support ServicesCoordinators in each jurisdiction that assistfamilies of children with disabilities ages birthto 21. A directory of Family Support Servicesis on the web at www.mdecgateway.org.For additional information, call:●1-800-535-0182
  24. 24. Questions?Contact:Karla M. Saval, M.Ed.Interagency Staff Specialist- Autism, Children’s MentalHealthMaryland State Department of EducationDivision of Special Education/ Early Intervention Services200 West Baltimore StreetBaltimore, MD 21201ksaval@msde.state.md.us(410)767-0827
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