Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
4 middle ages, monophony
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

4 middle ages, monophony

269

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
269
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yp_l5ntikaU
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yp_l5ntikaUMonty Python witch
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HEKhr002Ts&feature=related
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLIlkPNnxUITelephone game
  • Guido d’Arezzo
  • Bach Cello Suite No 1 YoYo Mahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dZn_VBgkPNY
  • Transcript

    • 1. Music in the Middle Ages
      Melody vs Polyphony
    • 2. The Middle Ages
      450-1450
    • 3. Life was tough…
      20% of women died during childbirth
      20% of children died during birth or infancy
      Men and women would marry as young as 12-14 years old….typically, though, women were 17-18 years old and men were in their late 20s or 30s
    • 4. People were superstitious…
    • 5.
    • 6. Different times…
      Entertainment
      Games and sports, hunting, banquets, jousts and tournaments
      Feast days were very important
    • 7. Feast Days in just the month of February:
      1st St Brigid and St Ignatius 2nd Candlemas4th St Gilbert 5th St Agatha 9th Purification of St Mary 11th St Frideswide14th St Valentine 16th St Juliana 23rd St Milburga24th St Mathias 28th St Oswald
    • 8. So what does all this mean for music?
      The Catholic Church was the center of musical life
      Mainly vocal
      The Church frowned on instruments because of their earlier role in pagan rites.
      “To what purpose, I pray you, is that terrible blowing of bellows, expressing rather the cracks of thunder than the sweetness of a Voyce.” –St. Aethelred
      Organs were played on special occaisions…people sometimes complained that the noise was a distraction to worshipers
    • 9. Gregorian Chant!
      The official music of the Roman Catholic Church for over 1,000 years
      Single line of music without accompaniment
      Represents the voice of the Church, rather than any single individual
      Flexible rhythm with little sense of beat
    • 10.
    • 11. 3 kinds of Gregorian chant
      Syllabic
      One syllable for every note
      Mary Had a Little Lamb
      Melismatic
      Few syllables over many notes
      Angels We Have Heard on High “Gloria”
      Neumatic
      In between: one syllable over a few notes
      Amazing Grace
    • 12. Pope Gregory I
      AKA: St. Gregory the Great
      Reorganized the Catholic liturgy
      Although Gregorian chant gets its name from this pope, he is not the sole creator of Gregorian chant
    • 13. How did they learn music?
      In the early middle ages, music was all passed on by oral tradition.
      Write down what I say…
      Is this the most accurate way of doing things?
    • 14.
    • 15. Guido D’Arezzo
      Monk
      990-1050 A.D.
      Invented the concept of music notation similar to how it is done today
      Four line staff and clefs
    • 16.
    • 17. Guidonian Hand
      Each hand joint represented a note
      Teachers could point to a joint in order to teach monks new chant music
      Guido d’Arezzo most likely did not create this method, but it was named after him
      Let’s try it ourselves…
    • 18. Well that works, but let’s think of something better.
      Imagine, for a moment, that we never had written music before. How would you create it?
      Guido came up with the basic music notation system
      Ut, Re, Mi, Fa, So, La
      Does that look familiar?
    • 19. UtQueantLaxisHymn to St. John the Baptist
    • 20. Here’s an example:
      Write in the syllables
    • 21.
    • 22. Monophony
      What does all of this chant have in common?
      Let’s have a brave volunteer…
    • 23. Congratulations!
      You’ve just sung monophony!
      Monophony=Single line of music.
      Any voice singing or any instrument playing by itself is considered monophonic music
      However: more than one voice or instrument can perform in unison and still be considered monophonic (Gregorian Chant)
      Monophony was the main form of music in the early part of the middle ages
    • 24. My favorite piece of monophonic music:

    ×