ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Introduction What is Organizational structure Need for Organizational structure Types of Organizational structure Elements of Organizational structure Organizational structure of University library Presented by ASHKAR KAIRALI
Introduction• Organization is defined as ‘the structure and process by which a cooperative group of human beings allocated its task among its member, identifies relationship, and integrates its activities towards common objectives
What is Organizational structure• Organizational structure can be defined as the arrangement and the inter-relationship of the component, and position of an institution.• A good organizational structure provides efficient works and communication system of organization.
Need for Organizational structure• The organizational structure help to identify the following The pattern of formal relationship The allocation of various staff activities and responsibilities to various department and the integration of department The hierarchical order of relationship Formalized policies and procedure and control
Types of Organizational structure• Functional pattern of management• Subject departmentalization• Locality organizational structure• Product organizational structure• User organizational structure• Hybrid organizational structure
Functional pattern of management• Functional pattern of management is the oldest method of organizing• Functional pattern of management in which differentiation or departmentalization occur on the basis of functions• This functional structure is most effective in a stable environment
Subject departmentalization• Subject departmentalization is based on the subject grouping E.g. Science department, Arts department, etc.• This is a decentralized structure of organization
Locality organizational structure• This is a organization pattern in which organization is based on geographical location
Product organizational structure• This is based on the product brought out or maintained by libraries• Product organization is frequently used to create little ‘institutions’ out of large ones, in libraries it is known as form division – E.g. Audio-visual library
User organizational structure• This is based on user of an organization.
Hybrid organizational structure• This is an organizational structure which don’t have a pure function, locality, or user structure
Elements of Organizational structure
Organization charts• Organization charts help one visualize an organization as a whole and identify the work divisions, the assignments of man power and the lines of formal authority• Helps avoid overlapping of authority by providing a clear visual and detailed picture of lines of authority and responsibilities, and foster unity of command
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