Development of Self Learning Material


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Concepts for developing SLM in Distance Education

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Development of Self Learning Material

  1. 1. Development ofSelf Learning Material (SLM) Ashish K. Awadhiya Asst. Director (T&D), 1 IUC, IGNOU
  2. 2. Objectives…….After going through this training,• you will be able to explain structure of SLM• you will be able to write the unit for SLM 2
  3. 3. What is SLM• Predominant form in ODL• learner-centered materials• With inbuilt Teacher 3
  4. 4. Characteristics of SLMSelf-ExplanatorySelf-ContainedSelf-DirectedSelf-MotivatingSelf-EvaluatingSelf-Learning 4
  5. 5. Textbooks Vs SLMTextbooks Self-Learning MaterialsAssume interest Arouse interestWritten mainly for teacher use Written primarily for Learner useDo not indicate study time Give estimates of study timeDesigned for a wider market Designed for a particular learner groupRarely state aims and objectives Always give aims and objectivesStructured for teachers and Structured according to the need ofspecialists learnersLittle or no self-assessment Major emphasis on self-assessment 5
  6. 6. IGNOU SLM• P – Programme• C – Course• B – Block• U – Unit• S – Section• SS- Sub-Section Identify your Target Learners……. Learner Profiling 6
  7. 7. Developing a Unit Unit 1 - (Title of the Unit) Structure 1.0 Objectives 1.1 Introduction 1.2…… 1.2.1…………….. 1.2.2…………….. Check your progress/Activities 1.3….. 1.3.1 1.3.2……………… 1.3.3……………… Check your progress/Activities 1.4 Let Us Sum Up 1.5 Glossary 1.6 Suggested Readings Possible answers ReferencesStructure Makes the study material accessible 7
  8. 8. ObjectivesSMART• S - Specific• M - Measurable• A - Accurate• R - Realistic• T - Time /Testable 8
  9. 9. Components of Objectives• Conditions (Situation)-Condition under which the behavior will occur• Performance (Action)-Behavior is described in observable and measurable terms (by using a verb)• Standards (Level)-Expected level or standard for successful performance Standard of Objective depends on the level of the learners 9
  10. 10. Terminology for Objectives• Descriptive verbs: define, describe, explain, list, select, state, etc.• Discriminative verbs: compare, differentiate, identify, summarize, illustrate, outline, separate, select etc.• Motor performance verbs: type, draw, measure, etc 10
  11. 11. Examples of Objectives• After reading this unit you will be able to write the unit for SLM• After going through this unit, you should be able to explain characteristics of SLM. 11
  12. 12. Introduction• Explains the content being discussed• Relates the unit and also with the existing knowledge of the learners.should be brief to provide adequate help to the learners in starting their study. 12
  13. 13. Introduction componentsStructural part • Backward and forward linkagesThematic part • Overview of the main concepts to be discussed • Builds communication with learnersGuidance part • Study guide and requirements such as time, special activities, back/cross references, equipment, books, etc • How to achieve the objectives • Motivation role-How it is going to help 13
  14. 14. Main Body• Thematic Content• Illustrations/ photos/Diagrams/Graphics• Tables/Charts• SAQs/Activities 14
  15. 15. Content…• Small steps• Logical arrangement• Ordering the content• Personalized style• Language• Illustrations• Assessment 15
  16. 16. Organization of Content• known to the unknown• Simple to complex• Concrete to abstract• Particular to general 16
  17. 17. Language of Content• Simple and clear sentences• Simple vocabulary• One idea in one paragraph r? arne• Interactive and personalized who is th e l e• Humor 17
  18. 18. Activities.. Writing, Thinking, Doing• In-text Self-Assessment Questions• Exercises• Activities 18
  19. 19. Examples of Activities• Describe the functioning of kidney.• Why has a course writer to avoid long answer questions as self-check questions in the SLM?• Prepare a list of 10 plants that are found in your surroundings. 19
  20. 20. Ending of the Unit… Lets Sum up• Summarize/ Recapitulation important points• Motivate for further learning 20
  21. 21. Suggested Readings• Development and Revision of Self-Learning Materials(2005), STRIDE, IGNOU, New Delhi• Rowntree, Derek (1986) Teaching Through Self-Instruction, Kogan page, London 21
  22. 22. Glossary..Unit: The term ‘unit’, of course, the context is that of IGNOU, is used to denote a division of a block, at one level in terms of the theme or topic and at another level as the material used to teach the topic. 22
  23. 23. References• Development and Revision of Self-Learning Materials(2005), STRIDE, IGNOU, New Delhi Courtesy• Google images 23
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