General Pollution Control


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General Pollution Control

  1. 1. General Pollution Control<br />Presented By:<br />Ashish Khetan<br />Ravi kishore<br />Tarun Kumar <br />
  2. 2. Pollution from Hazardous Substances<br />Defined in Schedule 1 Part I and II of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986<br /><ul><li> Toxic Substances
  3. 3. Flammable chemicals
  4. 4. Explosives</li></li></ul><li>Notification of site at least 3 months before commencing of industrial activity<br />Preparation of on-site emergency plan by the occupier<br />Information to be given to persons liable to be affected by a major accident<br />MANUFACTURE, STORAGE AND IMPORT OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL RULES, 1989<br />
  5. 5. Every container of a hazardous chemical shall be clearly labelled <br />Detailed information at time of Import<br />MANUFACTURE, STORAGE AND IMPORT OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL RULES, 1989<br />
  6. 6. Duties of Occupier<br />Segregation, Packaging and Transport regulations<br />Categories, Colour Coding, Labels<br />The Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998<br />
  7. 7. Prohibition for use with food items<br />Recycling to be done strictly according to BIS norms IS 14534: 1998<br />Proper labeling of recycled plastic products should be ensured<br />The Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999<br />
  8. 8. Responsibility of municipal authority for<br />Collection of wastes<br />Storage and Transportation<br />Processing and Disposal<br />Performance monitoring every six months<br />Standards for pollution prevention<br />The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li>Responsibilities of manufacturer, importer
  10. 10. Ensure collection of used Batteries
  11. 11. Create Public Awareness
  12. 12. buy recycled lead only from registered recyclers
  13. 13. Responsibilities of recycler
  14. 14. make available all records to the State Board for inspection
  15. 15. ensure strict compliance of the terms and conditions of registration</li></ul>The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001<br />
  16. 16. Ozone Layer Depletion<br />
  17. 17. <ul><li>Montreal Protocol
  18. 18. The treaty entered into force on January 1, 1989.
  19. 19. Designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
  20. 20. It has undergone seven revisions, since its inception. The last one was held in 1999. </li></ul>Ozone layer depletion<br />
  21. 21. Structured around several groups of halogenated hydrocarbons that have shown to play a role in ozone depletion. <br />Provides a list of ozone depleting substances categorized in different groups. <br /> The treaty provides a timetable on which the production of these substances must be phased out gradually. <br />Montreal protocol <br />
  22. 22. Under the guidelines of Montreal Protocol Govt. of India puts its notification. <br />Legislation states a group of chemical substances as ozone depleting substances. <br />It also states products on the basis of end use which contains the ozone depleting substances. <br />Policy of Indian Govt. <br />
  23. 23. <ul><li>Regulation of production and consumption of ozone depleting substances.</li></ul>No person shall produce or cause to produce any ozone depleting substance unless he is registered with the competent authority.<br />In each twelve month period thereafter, no person shall produce or cause to be produced any group of ozone depleting substances in excess of the corresponding percentage of his calculated base level of production as specified.<br />Government implements quota system for rules to be followed. <br />Policy of Indian Govt.<br />
  24. 24. Prohibition on export to or import from countries not specified in the treaty. <br />Requirement of license.<br />calculated level of consumption of ozone depleting substance should not exceed. <br />Regulation of the purchase/sale of ozone depleting substances.<br />Policy of Indian Govt.<br />
  25. 25. Prohibition on new investments with ozone depleting substances.<br />No person shall establish or expand or cause to establish or expand any manufacturing facility for production of any ozone depleting substance after the specified date.<br />Regulation of import, export and sale of products made with or containing ozone depleting substances. <br />Policy of Indian Govt.<br />
  26. 26. <ul><li> Chemical composition – Group – Ozone depleting potential.
  27. 27. Trichlorofluoromethane I 1.0
  28. 28. Bromochlorodifluoromethane II 3.0
  29. 29. Chlorotrifluoromethane III 1.0
  30. 30. Tetrachloromethane IV 1.1
  31. 31. 1, 1, 1-Trichloroethane V 0.1
  32. 32. Dichlorofluoromethane VI 0.04
  33. 33. Dibromofluoromethane VII 1.0
  34. 34. Methyl bromide VIII 0.6</li></ul>List of Ozone depleting substances <br />
  35. 35. Noise pollution control<br />
  36. 36. The word noise is derived from the Latin term nausea. <br />Any unwanted sound is noise.<br />80 db is the level at which sound becomes physically painful and becomes noise.<br />Noise<br />
  37. 37. Road Traffic Noise<br />Air Craft Noise<br />Construction Noise<br />Noise in Industry<br />Noise from Consumer products<br />Sources<br />
  38. 38. Annoyance<br />Physiological effects: <br /> breathing amplitude, blood pressure, heart-beat rate, pulse rate, blood cholesterol are effected.<br />Loss of hearing<br />Nervous system<br />Damage to material<br /> buildings and materials may get damaged by exposure to infrasonic / ultrasonic waves and even get collapsed<br />Effects<br />
  39. 39. Control at source<br />Control in the transmission path<br />Using protective equipment.<br />Control<br />
  40. 40. Noise Pollution Control Rule 2000 under Environment Protection Act 1996-(CPCB)<br />The state government may categories the areas in the industrial or commercial or residential<br />The ambient air quality standards in respect of noise for different areas have been specified.<br />State government shall take measure for abatement of noise including noise emanating from vehicular movement.<br />Legal control (major acts)<br />
  41. 41. The Govt. of India has enacted noise standards for fire-crackers G.S.R.682(E), dated 5th October, 1999, in an effort to control noise pollution due to fire crackers.<br />The vehicular noise standards, notified in 1990, are being implemented by Ministry of Science and Technology, to reduce traffic noise. <br />Noise standards for diesel genset were prescribed in Dec. 1998 by MOEF India.<br />Legal control (major acts)<br />
  42. 42. An area not less than 100 m around hospitals educations institutions and court may be declared as silence zone.<br />A loud speaker or a public address system shall not be used except after obtaining written permission from the authority and the same shall not be used at night. Between 10 pm to 6 am<br />A person found violating the provisions as to the maximum noise permissible in any particular area is liable punishment.<br />Legal control (major acts)<br />
  43. 43.<br /><br /><br />References<br />