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ASHFORD POL 201 Complete Study Guides. Instant Download!
 

ASHFORD POL 201 Complete Study Guides. Instant Download!

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Since 2010 I've helped thousands of students do A+ work. I want you to have the best grades, but more importantly I want to help you.

Since 2010 I've helped thousands of students do A+ work. I want you to have the best grades, but more importantly I want to help you.

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    ASHFORD POL 201 Complete Study Guides. Instant Download! ASHFORD POL 201 Complete Study Guides. Instant Download! Presentation Transcript

    • Ashford POL 201 Complete Study Guides. Instant Download!
    • It really works! Since 2010 I've helped thousands of students do A+ work. I want you to have the best grades, but more importantly I want to help you.
    • Week 1 DQ 1 Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances  Week 1 DQ 1 Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances For much of 2011 and 2012, public dissatisfaction with Congress rose to all time highs, with 70-80% expressing disapproval with how Congress does its job. Many commentators note that Americans are fed up with Washington "grid-lock" that makes government apparently unable to address important problems. Other observers believe that the national government is acting according to its design, based on separation of powers and checks and balances.
    • Week 1 DQ 2 Amending the U.S. Constitution  Week 1 DQ 2 Amending the U.S. Constitution The formal process of amending the Constitution is cumbersome and slow. While this fact explains why relatively few amendments have been adopted, it does not discourage advocates of constitutional change from proposing them. Four amendment proposals that have gained considerable attention are the Balanced Budget Amendment, the Birthright Citizenship Amendment, the Equal Rights Amendment, and the Overturn Citizens United Amendment. Select one of these proposals as the topic of your initial post and use the assigned resources to inform yourself about its purpose and the arguments of its supporters and critics.
    • Week 2 DQ 1 Policy-making in the Federal System  Week 2 DQ 1 Policy-making in the Federal System The U.S. government's expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government's responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the U.S. to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism, e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the Tenth Amendment?
    • Week 2 DQ 2 Meet Your Rep  Week 2 DQ 2 Meet Your Rep The Constitution states, "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States..." (Art. I, Sec. 2). Contrast this with the original constitutional language for the other house of Congress, "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six Years..." (Art. I, Sec. 3). The phrase "chosen by the Legislature" was changed to "elected by the people" by the 17th Amendment, but not until 1912. In other words, from the beginning the House of Representatives was intended to be exactly what its name suggests –representative of the people. (Note that in 2010 the Tea Party, and some Republican politicians, called for repeal of the 17th Amendment, eliminating the popular vote for Senators. While most Republican politicians have backed away from that view, many Tea Party chapters continue to demand its repeal.)
    • Week 3 DQ 1 Defense Spending and the Military-Industrial Complex  Week 3 DQ 1 Defense Spending and the Military-Industrial Complex Levin-Waldman (2012, pp. 186-89) analyzes how "iron triangles" link Congress, the bureaucracy, and interest groups in self-serving relationships that influence policy in ways that are contrary to the public interest. In 1961, at the end of President Eisenhower's second term, he gave a farewell address to the nation in which he warned of the dangers of a "military-industrial complex." Many commentators today see the military-industrial complex as an example of an iron triangle that bloats the defense budget and distorts national priorities. Not everyone would accept this analysis, however, especially defense "hawks" in Congress, the military bureaucracies, and defense industries.
    • Week 3 DQ 2 Presidential Leadership and the Electoral College  Week 3 DQ 2 Presidential Leadership and the Electoral College Americans expect their presidents to get things done, to solve problems, to govern effectively, and to be strong leaders. The framers of the Constitution did not envision such presidential leadership. A scholar of the presidency points out that Article II of the Constitution gives the president scant formal power to influence congressional policy-making (Simon, n.d.). He also notes that the framers intentionally designed a process for selecting presidents that would minimize their political power – the Electoral College. They hoped this institution would insulate the chief executive from the public because they feared the power of presidents who might be elected by the people. Therefore, the Constitution provides that "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress..."
    • Week 4 DQ 1 The Supreme Court and Judicial Review  Week 4 DQ 1 The Supreme Court and Judicial Review In a recent lecture at Yale University, Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer cautioned that while most citizens assume that judicial review is an enduring part of American government, judges should not take it for granted. He advises that if judges wish to preserve this undemocratic power they should follow a judicial philosophy that will "build confidence in the courts" (Breyer, 2011). Justice Breyer goes on to describe the kind of judicial philosophy he has in mind. However, some of his colleagues on the Supreme Court would reject his ideas about what philosophy should guide judges.
    • Week 4 DQ 2 Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror  Week 4 DQ 2 Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror Soon after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the Bush administration developed a plan for holding and interrogating prisoners captured during the conflict. They were sent to a prison inside a U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay on land leased from the government of Cuba. Since 2002, over 700 men have been detained at "GITMO." Most have been released without charges or turned over to other governments. In 2011, Congress specifically prohibited the expenditure of funds to transfer GITMO prisoners to detention facilities in the continental United States, making it virtually impossible to try them in civilian courts. As of April 2012, 169 remained in detention at GITMO (Sutton, 2012).
    • Week 5 DQ 2 Voting and Turnout  Week 5 DQ 2 Voting and Turnout The U.S. has one of the lowest voter turnout rates among modern democratic political systems. One study ranks the U.S. 120th on a list of 169 nations compared on voter turnout (Pintor, Gratschew, & Sullivan, 2002). While during the last decade many initiatives have been undertaken to increase voter participation, concerns about the possibility of election fraud have also increased. Additionally, some political interests feel threatened by the increase in turnout among some traditionally low-turnout ethnic minorities.
    • Week 5 DQ 1 Party Platforms and Winning Elections  Week 5 DQ 1 Party Platforms and Winning Elections Political parties mobilize voters to win elections and implement policy goals. Parties use their stated policy goals (i.e., their platforms) as a way to mobilize voter support. Generally, in order to be successful in a two- party system, parties must have policy goals across a broad range of issue areas to appeal to a broad range of voters. For this discussion, you will identify one issue area that you want investigate. Use the resources required for this discussion to gather information about the goals and proposals, in that issue area, of three political parties – the Democratic and Republican parties and a third party.
    • Week 1 DQ 1 Basic Principles of the Constitution  Basic Principles of the Constitution The U.S. Constitution is founded on three basic principles: Federalism, Separation of Powers, and Checks and Balances. Discuss which principle you believe is the most valuable principle for American democracy to be successful. Provide an example of how that principle has been used successfully to provide for or protect American values. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 1 DQ 2 The Constitution  The Constitution The U.S. Constitution is considered a “living document” because it can be amended as new issues arise or public opinions change. Using the Internet, identify a constitutional amendment currently being proposed by a member of Congress. Identify the Congressmen, the proposed amendment, why it is being proposed and what you believe are the chances that it will be passed. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 2 DQ 1 Visit Your Congressman Virtually  Visit Your Congressman Virtually Go to the United States House of Representatives website and research for your Congressional representative by entering your zip code in the "Find Your Representatives" block. Select your Congressman and then visit your Congressman's official website. Identify those issues your Congressman emphasizes on his or her website. Explain why you believe those issues are given priority on your Congressman's website based on what you have learned from your study of the U.S. Congress and as a constituent of your Congressman's district. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 2 DQ 2 Modern Challenges Presented by Federalism  Modern Challenges Presented by Federalism Recently, federalism has been challenged by the economic downturn of 2008-2009 and the response to Hurricane Katrina. In each of these cases, local and state governments called on federal government for aid and in both situations the federal government was blamed for local problems. Explain how modern federalism works effectively in a complex, networked world. What changes would you make to improve the relationship between different levels of government? Do you believe we need multiple levels of government in the modern world? How does technology enhance or complicate the relationships between these different levels of government? Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 2 Assignment  Securing America and Protecting Civil Liberties Assignment 1 Write a persuasive essay providing a position on the current debate since 9/11/2001 regarding the restriction of civil liberties as stated in the Bill of Rights in order to protect American citizens from terrorist organizations. Interpret how the First and Fourth Amendments have been changed since the implementation of the USA Patriot Act. Critique whether you believe the restrictions in civil liberties violate the underlying principles of American democracy or are a necessary measure in protecting citizens. In addition, explain whether you believe the use of torture, such as “water-boarding”, violates the constitution. The paper must be three to four pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least three scholarly resources other than the textbook to support your claims and subclaims. Cite your resources in text and on the reference page. For information regarding APA samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.
    • Week 3 DQ 1 Public Opinion and the Presidency  Public Opinion and the Presidency Visit page 290 in American Government and observe the chart under "Analyzing Visuals". Examine the line graph, which shows the public approval rating of the last four presidents. Choose two presidents and interpret the high and low ratings for the presidents you selected. Compare the ratings of the two presidents and identify the reasons you believe each president was receiving high or low ratings. Why do you believe they were receiving low ratings? High ratings? What similarities and differences do you see between these two presidents and the reasons they were receiving high or low public approval ratings? Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 3 DQ 2 Process of the Supreme Court  Process of the Supreme Court Watch the Supreme Court Video series Part 1-3: SCOTUS Video Part 1  SCOTUS Video Part 2 SCOTUS Video Part 3 Based on the information in the videos above and the readings from the textbook, identify what you think is a strength and a weakness of the Supreme Court process. Explain why you selected your strength and weakness and any ramifications you believe there are based on the weakness you selected.
    • Week 4 DQ 1 Electoral College  Electoral College Take the "Electoral College Quiz" the Electoral College Quiz. Having learned about the Electoral College, describe whether you believe the United States should keep the Electoral College system when electing its President or should it instead use the popular vote as the measure for electing the President? Explain why you support one system over the other. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 4 DQ 2 The Media  The Media The Media is often referred to as the "Fourth Branch of Government" acting as a non-governmental check and balance to the other three branches. Recently, the media has come under criticism for not thoroughly scrutinizing government actions in order to secure access to public figures and subsequently get guaranteed coverage for portraying political figures favorably. Explain whether or not you believe the modern media is an effective check on government action. Do you believe their effectiveness has improved or declined in recent history and what you believe the reasons might be for this change in performance? Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 5 DQ 1 Environmental Policy in the Era of Global Warming  Environmental Policy in the Era of Global Warming Recent years have shown an increased interest on the part of Interest Groups to curb carbon dioxide emissions as some evidence points to this as a significant contributing factor to global warming. Other businesses, interest groups, and lobbyists have campaigned against any legislation that would restrict emissions to include the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations. Discuss the pros and cons of restricting carbon dioxide emissions. State your opinion as to whether the U.S. should support regulation such as the Kyoto Protocol or cap-and-trade systems for reducing emissions. Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 5 DQ 2 Assessing the Bush Doctrine  Assessing the Bush Doctrine After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, U.S. foreign and defense policy undertook a major shift under the administration of President Bush. The Bush administration created and executed a policy of preemptive military action against any threat deemed imminent to the security of the U.S. (Commonly referred to as the "Bush Doctrine") This policy was used as justification for invading Iraq in 2003, which was believed to possess Weapons of Mass Destruction and accused of harboring international terrorists. Discuss whether you believe the U.S. should follow such a foreign policy. What are the costs of preemptive military action? What are the costs associated with not preempting threats to U.S. national security? Do you believe such a policy makes the U.S. and its citizens more or less secure? Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts by Day 7.
    • Week 5 Assignment Final  Final Paper Write a research paper outlining the root causes of the 2008-2009 Economic Crisis and the policies implemented by key actors responsible for rescuing the U.S. Economy. 1. Use valid academic sources to illustrate the proximate causes for the massive downturn of the U.S. economy. 2. Identify the responsibility, constitutional authority, and the policy opinion of the current holders of the key positions below in crafting policy for repairing the U.S. economy. Key Actors for identification: President Congress Secretary of the Treasury Chairman of the Federal Reserve 3. Third, outline how these actors have changed monetary policy, fiscal policy, and laws governing businesses since the collapse of the economy. 4. Critique what you believe to be the strengths and weaknesses of these policy changes and provide your opinion on whether these policy changes have been/will be successful in their attempt to rebuild the economy. *Restrict your sources to major newspapers, magazines, news outlets, and professional journals. Writing the Final Paper The Final Paper: Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a title page with the following: o Title of paper o Student’s name o Course name and number o Instructor’s name o Date submitted Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis. Must use at least five scholarly resources, including a minimum of two from the Ashford Online Library. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.