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  • i shall give u a link on Wikipedia that'll help you understand more about semantic search and semantic web. Its through the semantic web that Semantic search is possible. visit this link for a comprehensive understanding
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  • it was quite an informative presentation but i wish to know more about semantic search and its apllication
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  • search engines have become an integral part of our it home or work...this ppt gives a real good idea abt them...........
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    Search engines
    Web Search
    Page-Specific Search
    Default search
    Search optionspicture dictionary
    ppt compiled by
    Asha Krishnan
    Department of Management Studies
    Pondicherry University
    People Search
  • 2. The primary objective - to understand what is a search engine
    Awareness about classification of search engines
    To learn about 6 different types of search engines
  • 3. .
    A web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web. The search results are usually presented in a list and are commonly called hits.
    The information may consist of web pages, images, information and other types of files. Some search engines also mine data available in databases or open directories.
  • 4. More about search engines
    Web search engines work by about many web pages, which they retrieve from the WWW itself. These pages are retrieved by a Web crawler (sometimes also known as a spider) an automated Web browser which follows every link it sees.
    As a query is entered into a search engine using key words the engine examines its index and provides a listing of best-matching web pages according to its criteria
    The contents of each page are then analyzed to determine how it should be indexed for e.g., words extracted from the titles, headings, or special fields called meta tags. Data about web pages are stored in an index database for use in later queries
  • 5. Classification of search engines
    • By Content
    General, Geographical limited scope, Accountancy, Business, Enterprise, Mobile/Handheld
    • By information
    Forum, Blog, Multimedia ,Source code, BitTorrent ,Email Maps
    • By model
    Open source search engines, Semantic browsing engines, Social search
    Engines, Metasearch engines, Visual search engines
    • Based on
    Google, Yahoo!, Bing
    The first ever search engine was Archie written in 1990 by Alan Emtag, Bill Heelan and J. Peter Deutsch
  • 6. Types of search engines
    Veronica (Very Easy Rodent-Oriented Net-wide Index to Computerized Archives) 1991 had its name inspired from Archie the first search engine
    Collaborative Search Engines(CSEs) are an emerging trend for Web search and search within company intranets.
    CSEs let users concert their efforts in information retrieval (IR) activities and allow experts to guide less experienced people through their searches.
    Search terms and links clicked that are shared among users reveal their interests, habits, social relations and intentions. CSEs put the privacy of the users at risk.
    Metasearch engines create what is known as a virtual database.
    They do not compile a physical database or catalogue of the web
    No two Metasearch engines are alike.
    Users requests taken
    Passed to heterogeneous databases
    Compile the results in homogenous manner based on algorithm
    A Metasearch engine does not have any direct access to the search engines’ database.
    Image meta search- search of images based on associated metadata such as keywords, text, etc.
    "Reverse" image search- search for images using sophisticated abstractions of chromatic and other related information found within the image.
  • 10. A video search engine is a web-based search engine which crawls the web for videocontent.
    Some video search engines parse externally hosted content while others allow content to be uploaded and hosted on their own servers.
    Some engines also allow users to search by video format type and by length of the clip. Search results are usually accompanied by a thumbnail view of the video.
    YouTube receives a billion hits per day!
  • 11. Agnostic search
    Search that is not affected by the hosting of video, where results are agnostic no matter where the video is located:
    E.g. AltaVista Video Search,, Picsearch Video Search
    Non-agnostic Search
    Search results are modified, or suspect, due to the large hosted video being given preferential treatment in search results
    E.g. YouTube, Yahoo video search
  • 12. Enterprise search is the practice of identifying and enabling specific content across the enterprise to be indexed, searched, and displayed to authorized users.
    The term "enterprise search" describes the application of search technology to information within an organization
  • 13. Major challenge faced by Enterprise search
    the need to index data and documents from a variety of sources (file systems , intranets, document management systems, e-mail) and then present a consolidated list of relevance ranked resources from these various source .
    Vendors of proprietary enterprise search software
    AskMeNow, Attivio, Google Search Appliance, IBM
    Semantic search is a process used to improve online searching by using data from semantic networksto disambiguate queries and web text in order to generate more relevant results
    It provides an overview that lists semantic search systems and identifies other uses of semantics in the search process
    Semantic Search uses semantics or the science of meaning in language to produce highly relevant search results.
    The Semantic Web is an evolving development of the World Wide Web where the meaning semantics of information and services on the web is defined, making it possible for the web to understand and satisfy the requests of people.
    OpenSearchis a collection of technologies that allow publishing of search results in a format suitable for syndication and aggregation
    It is a way for websites and search engines to publish search results in a standard and accessible format.
    OpenSearch was developed by subsidiary A9 and the first version, OpenSearch 1.0, was unveiled by Jeff Bezos at the Web 2.0 conference in March, 2005
  • 16. Open search consists of
    Search engines and software
    that support OpenSearch
    OpenSearch Description files
    OpenSearch Query Syntax: Open Search RSS (in OpenSearch 1.0) or
    OpenSearch Response (in Open Search 1.1)
    OpenSearch Aggregators
    OpenSearch "Auto-discovery”
    Wikipedia suggests articles
    matching a typed-in entry with
    incremental find.
    Internet Explorer 7 and
    Social search or a social search engine is a type of web search method that determines the relevance of search results by considering the interactions or contributions of users.
    Its user-based approach to relevance is in contrast to established algorithmic or machine-based approaches where relevance is determined by analyzing the text of each document or the link structure of the documents
  • 18. Takes into account varying sources of metadata, such as collaborative discovery of web pages, tags, social ranking.
    many forms - ranging from simple shared bookmarks or tagging of content with descriptive labels to more sophisticated approaches that combine human intelligence with computer algorithms.
  • 19. Example forms of user input include social bookmarking or direct interaction with the search results such as promoting or demoting results the user feels are more or less relevant to their query
    Companies in the social search space include Sproose,, Mahalo, Jumper 2.0, Wikia Search
    In 2008 a few start up companies began the technique of focussing on ranking search results according to one's social graph on social network.
    A selection-based search system is a search engine system in which
    the user invokes a search query using only the mouse.
    It allows the user to search the internet for more information about any keywordor phrase contained within a document or webpage in any software application on his desktop computer using the mouse.
    These search systems create what is known as a semantic database of trained terms. They do not compile a physical database or catalogue of the web on the users' desktop computer.
  • 21. 3 characteristic features
    invoke search using the mouse from within the context of any application on his desktop. e.g. Microsoft Office, Adobe Reader, Mozilla Firefox
    receive categorized suggestions based on the context of the user-selected text.
    view the results in floating information boxes that can be sized, shared, docked, closed and stacked on top of the document that has the user’s primary focus
    the user can
  • 22. The other search engine types are
    Desktop search engines
    e.g., windows search
    e.g. Google groups
    Search appliances
    Acquired or defunct search engines
    e.g. Google answers, Wikia search
  • 23. sources
  • 24. Search engines are evolving as the technology leaps and the list will therefore condense but with expanded attributes.
    Towards complexity or simplicity ?
    ‘Halal’ Search Engine Launched for ‘Safe’ Internet Browsing!