ORAL MICROBIOLOGY
Normal Microbial Flora   Normal oral cavity contains a mixture of organisms which    include bacteria, fungi, protozoa an...
Microbial flora of mouth   Among all micro-organism present in the mouth    bacteria are most predominant.   These inclu...
cocciGRAM POSITIVE COCCI Strep.mutans Strep.sanguis Strep.salivarius Strep.mitior Strep.milleri Enterococcus sps Pe...
GRAM NEGATIVE COCCI Veillonella sps Neisseria sps Branhamella sps
BacilliGRAM POSITIVE BACILLI Lactobacillus sps Actinomycetes sps Propionibacterium sps Arachnia sps Bifidobacterium s...
GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLI Actinobacillus sps Fusobacterium sps Bacteroids sps Capanocytophaga sps Leptotrichina sps Trep...
   Of all bacteria present in mouth, streptococci are    predominant group.   Various species of Streptococci are encoun...
Lactobacilli are frequently found in mouth.They are imp bacteria to promote the progress ofcarious lesion after the initia...
 Veilonella is the most common among Gram-  negative bacteria. Fusobacterium nucleatum is the most commonly  occurring G...
   Oral treponema(T.vincenti,T.denticola,T.orale) are    comman inhabitants of gingival crevice & sub    gingival area  ...
   Besides bacteria normal flora of mouth may contain fungi    and protozoa   FUNGI   Candida albicans   C.tropicalis...
Acquisition Of Normal Flora Of Mouth   The mouth of newborn at birth is usually    microbiologically sterile.   Within f...
Acquisition Of Normal Flora Of Mouth – Cont’d   Among Streptococci, Strep. salivarius is dominant    at this stage.   Du...
Acquisition Of Normal Flora Of Mouth – Cont’d   With the eruption of teeth, solid surfaces in the    oral cavity are avai...
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A Class on Oral microbiology by Aruni puthuppally

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A presentation about microbiology of oral cavity

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A Class on Oral microbiology by Aruni puthuppally

  1. 1. ORAL MICROBIOLOGY
  2. 2. Normal Microbial Flora Normal oral cavity contains a mixture of organisms which include bacteria, fungi, protozoa and occasionally virus. Some of the organisms are almost always in normal oral cavity and are called Resident Flora. Some organisms stay for a limited period in the oral cavity of a few individuals. These are named as Transient Flora.
  3. 3. Microbial flora of mouth Among all micro-organism present in the mouth bacteria are most predominant. These includes both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria
  4. 4. cocciGRAM POSITIVE COCCI Strep.mutans Strep.sanguis Strep.salivarius Strep.mitior Strep.milleri Enterococcus sps Peptostreptococcus aps Micrococcus sps Staphylococcus sps
  5. 5. GRAM NEGATIVE COCCI Veillonella sps Neisseria sps Branhamella sps
  6. 6. BacilliGRAM POSITIVE BACILLI Lactobacillus sps Actinomycetes sps Propionibacterium sps Arachnia sps Bifidobacterium sps Bacterionema sps Eubacterium sps
  7. 7. GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLI Actinobacillus sps Fusobacterium sps Bacteroids sps Capanocytophaga sps Leptotrichina sps Treponema sps Haemophilus sps Selenomonas sps Eikenella sps Wollinella sps
  8. 8.  Of all bacteria present in mouth, streptococci are predominant group. Various species of Streptococci are encountered in mouth. Most of these are alpha-haemolytic streptococci, collectively named as viridians streptococci
  9. 9. Lactobacilli are frequently found in mouth.They are imp bacteria to promote the progress ofcarious lesion after the initiaton of dental cariesby Strep mutans
  10. 10.  Veilonella is the most common among Gram- negative bacteria. Fusobacterium nucleatum is the most commonly occurring Gram-negative anaerobic bacillus Other anaerobes such as Bacteroids, Leptotrichia, Selenomonas etc have also been found to be an imp group
  11. 11.  Oral treponema(T.vincenti,T.denticola,T.orale) are comman inhabitants of gingival crevice & sub gingival area Due to their presence in subgingival plagues, they have been imp role in causing gingivitis and most forms of periodontitis.
  12. 12.  Besides bacteria normal flora of mouth may contain fungi and protozoa FUNGI Candida albicans C.tropicalis C.pseudotropicalis C.stellatoidea Cryptococcus sps PROTOZOA Entamoeba gingivalis Trichomanas tenax
  13. 13. Acquisition Of Normal Flora Of Mouth The mouth of newborn at birth is usually microbiologically sterile. Within few hours of birth Streptococci establish themselves in the mouth.
  14. 14. Acquisition Of Normal Flora Of Mouth – Cont’d Among Streptococci, Strep. salivarius is dominant at this stage. During the first year of life other species of Streptococci,Staphylococci,Neisseriae,Veilonella, Actinomyces,Lactobacilli and Fusobacteria also colonize.
  15. 15. Acquisition Of Normal Flora Of Mouth – Cont’d With the eruption of teeth, solid surfaces in the oral cavity are available for colonization. Strep mutans, Strep sanguis establish themselves on these hard surfaces. Simultaneously, there is also increase in number of obligate anaerobes
  16. 16. Thank you
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