Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent for Schools

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A free Powerpoint presentation offering a teaching resource about the Lidice atrocity of 1942, Sir Barnett Stross, the Lidice Shall Live campaign, today's Lidice, todays links between Lidice and Stoke-on-Trent, and the UK and international fine art competitions for children. A very cross curricular offering and a wonderful resource for raising aspirations among today's young people. Great for Local History, World War 2, Art or Citizenship related projects

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  • What a great slideshow presentation of the whole history of the Lidice massacre and the part Stoke on Trent played in the'Lidice shall live' campaign. Great job Alan. Hopefully many schools all over the world will log onto this site and participate in the competitions. Charles Strasser
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  • Ignorance is bliss, so they say. Until reading into this, I never realised how callous and murderous the Nazi regime was in W W 2. Like the rising of the Phoenix, Lidice rose out of the ashes to be 'reborn' again. A big thank you to Alan & Cheryl Gerrard for bringing this to my attention. Good prevailed over evil. Long live Lidice!
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Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent for Schools

  1. 1. The Bond Between Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent © Alan Gerrard / The Barnett Stross Foundation 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. Lidice EUROPE AT THE HEIGHT OF NAZI GERMANY POWER 1942 3 Stoke-on-Trent
  4. 4. Lidice 9th June 1942 – 503 inhabitants Men employed as miners and steelworkers in the nearby city of Kladno School photograph June 2nd 1942 4
  5. 5. Reinhard Heydrich 1904 - 1942 Considered to be Adolf Hitler’s successor Installed as Deputy Reich Protector of Bohemia & Moravia on 27 September 1941 Considered the Czechoslovakian people to be slaves for the German war effort. Increased the working day from 8 hours to 12 hours He famously proclaimed, “We will Germanize the Czech vermin” 5,000 Czechs executed in first 4 months Czechoslovakians knew him as “The Hangman” 5
  6. 6. Operation Anthropoid 27th May 1942 Heydrich’s burnt out Mercedes Minutes from London meeting which gives confirmation of the decision to execute plan The British trained Czech partisan assassinators Jan Kubiš and Jozef Gabčík Left at the scene: Stengun Mk II and hand grenade 6
  7. 7. Nazi Retribution On hearing news of Heydrich’s death, an enraged Adolf Hitler ordered the Gestapo to “Wade in blood” through Bohemia. As a result many Czechs were summarily shot and hanged without trial and 13,000 arrests were made Hitler wanted to “Make up for “his” death” Following Heydrich’s assassination public executions in Prague were commonplace 7
  8. 8. Lidice – 10th June 1942 The Men - 192 murdered Early morning 173 men were executed at Mr. Horak’s farmhouse First shot in batches of 5 Then batches of 10 The 19 not in the village at the time were shot later in Prague The remains of Horak’s farmhouse. Nearby lies the mass grave in which the executed men were unceremoniously thrown. 8
  9. 9. Lidice – 10th June 1942 The 173 men murdered in Lidice 9
  10. 10. Lidice – June 1942 Women & Children Kladno Grammar School June 10th – 12th On the gymnasium floor strewn with a little straw the women and children spent their last three days and two nights together. The Gestapo made detailed descriptions of the children, identifying hair and eye colour On the 12th the children were forcibly separated from the women 10
  11. 11. The Children 82 murdered – 9 “Germanized” 19 of the 82 Lidice children, murdered at Chelmno on July 2nd in specially adapted gas vans Postcards written home to parents – July 1st. The children’s fate had already been decided. 11
  12. 12. The Children The ditch near Chelmno where many thousand children were laid to rest This propaganda image promoted the Nazis’ Lebensborn programme and contains two “Germanized” Lidice children. Their experience was far more traumatic than the picture suggests Dress of Lidice girl found near site 12
  13. 13. The Women 60 murdered Ravensbrück concentration camp A photograph of the Lidice women on the day of their liberation. 143 survived. They returned to find devastation and discovered the deaths of their men folk. Badge worn by Lidice women 13
  14. 14. Lidice June 1942 The Animals The livestock were sent to German farm All family pets were shot 14
  15. 15. Lidice June 11th 1942 – late 1943 The systematic obliteration of the village begins A professional film crew is hired to record the events for promotional purposes The Nazis steal the savings of the victims to pay for the destruction of the village 15
  16. 16. Lidice June 11th 1942 – late 1943 Re-routing the river Hitler Youth violation of the cemetery included the removal of gold teeth from corpses 16
  17. 17. Lidice June 11th 1942 – late 1943 Hitler Youth uprooting the trees Transporting the rubble out on a specially constructed narrow gauge railway 17
  18. 18. The only living thing to remain in Lidice. The Pear Tree Now protected by the Czech government At the time of the atrocity a small sapling 18
  19. 19. Lidice June 11th 1942 – late 1943 The cross was erected at the site of the mass grave by Soviet troops who liberated Czechoslovakia in Spring 1945 19
  20. 20. The Lidice Shall Live Campaign 20
  21. 21. Sir Barnett Stross Born Christmas Day 1899 in Poland. Jewish faith Family moved to Leeds 1902 GP Shelton from 1926 Councillor for Shelton from 1937 - 1945 MP for Hanley / Stoke Central 1945 – 1965 Died 14th May 1967 21
  22. 22. Sir Barnett Stross Founder of the international “Lidice Shall Live” campaign Successfully fought for improvements to working conditions for miners and pottery workers Donated land for The Mitchell Memorial Theatre Key figure in the establishment of Keele University Designed the largest Memorial Rose Garden in the world. Completed 1955 Knighted Valentine’s Day 1964 for services to arts Sir Barnett Stross was granted “Freedom of the village of Lidice” in 1957 22
  23. 23. Lidice Shall Live The Victoria Hall September 6th 1942 23
  24. 24. North Staffordshire Miners Empathy for fellow mining community. Staffordshire miners donate one day’s pay per week to the campaign Sneyd Pit Disaster January 1942 24
  25. 25. Lidice Shall Live From its base in Stoke-on-Trent the campaign spreads to an international level 25
  26. 26. Lidice Shall Live Rebuilding the Village – 1947 > Barnett Stross with delegates from The North Staffs Miners’ Federation in Lidice in 1947 inspecting the devastation left by the Nazis. They help to plan a “new” Lidice 26
  27. 27. Lidice Shall Live Housing & Memorial Rose Garden The main phase of the “model mining village” was completed in 1950 Barnett Stross presenting the plans for the “Friendship & Peace Park” to Lidice residents – opened in 1955 27
  28. 28. The Rose Garden The beautiful “Friendship & Peace Park” is the largest rose garden in the world. Designed by Barnett Stross it contains hundreds of variants of roses from across the globe. The “Lidice Rose” 29
  29. 29. Lidice Today The Stoke-on-Trent based campaign donated the equivalent of £1 million to ensure a new Lidice would rise again. Adolf Hitler had proclaimed that Lidice would “Die Forever” 28
  30. 30. Lidice Today The Memorial Museum A visit to The Memorial Museum and gardens is a humbling experience for all. 30
  31. 31. Lidice Today The Lidice Gallery houses “The Lidice Collection”, a priceless collection of paintings and sculptures commemorating the atrocity. Donated by celebrated international artists following a call by Barnett Stross in 1966 The Lidice Gallery The Lidice Gallery is home to The International Children’s Exhibition of Fine Art. The largest fine art competition for children in the world. Barnett Stross 31
  32. 32. Lidice Today Annual Commemoration Each year the people of Lidice, the Czech Republic and the world commemorate the men, women and children murdered, and the complete obliteration of the old village. Children’s choirs from around the world unite in friendship at The Festival of Lights: musical performances celebrating the values of courage, determination and friendship 34
  33. 33. Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent’s Bonds Today The people of Lidice know much about Stoke-on-Trent and its heritage. Many people support Stoke City FC. Many people love to listen to Robbie Williams In Stoke-on-Trent once more adults and children are beginning to annually commemorate the atrocity and celebrate the village’s rebirth. The people of Lidice have never forgotten the role Barnett Stross and Stoke-on-Trent people played in rebuilding their village 32
  34. 34. Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent Celebrating Achievements A great way for Stoke-on-Trent’s young people to celebrate the rebirth of Lidice and to cement the bonds between our two communities is by entering The UK Children’s Art Exhibition and The International Children’s Exhibition of Fine Arts All entrants receive a certificate of “Recognition and Achievement” There are outstanding contribution awards at county, national and international levels. For primary, secondary and special school pupils 33
  35. 35. Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent The End For more information on Lidice, school presentations, The UK Children’s Fine Art Exhibition and The ICEFA, or becoming involved in Lidice / Stoke-on-Trent related projects, please contact The Barnett Stross Foundation info@ukchildrensartcompetition.org.uk Acknowledgements – Lidice Memorial, Mrs. Muriel Stoddard, Bustehrad School, Mrs. Ivona Kasalicka, Mrs Veronika Kellerova This presentation © Alan Gerrard / Barnett Stross Foundation is free to distribute in order to raise awareness of the inspirational links between Stoke-on-Trent and Lidice to their fullest extent. 35

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