Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent for Schools
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A free Powerpoint presentation offering a teaching resource about the Lidice atrocity of 1942, Sir Barnett Stross, the Lidice Shall Live campaign, today's Lidice, todays links between Lidice and ...

A free Powerpoint presentation offering a teaching resource about the Lidice atrocity of 1942, Sir Barnett Stross, the Lidice Shall Live campaign, today's Lidice, todays links between Lidice and Stoke-on-Trent, and the UK and international fine art competitions for children. A very cross curricular offering and a wonderful resource for raising aspirations among today's young people. Great for Local History, World War 2, Art or Citizenship related projects

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  • What a great slideshow presentation of the whole history of the Lidice massacre and the part Stoke on Trent played in the'Lidice shall live' campaign. Great job Alan. Hopefully many schools all over the world will log onto this site and participate in the competitions. Charles Strasser
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  • Ignorance is bliss, so they say. Until reading into this, I never realised how callous and murderous the Nazi regime was in W W 2. Like the rising of the Phoenix, Lidice rose out of the ashes to be 'reborn' again. A big thank you to Alan & Cheryl Gerrard for bringing this to my attention. Good prevailed over evil. Long live Lidice!
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Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent for Schools Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Bond BetweenLidice & Stoke-on-Trent
    ©Alan Gerrard / Art Venue CIC
    1
  • 2. 2
  • 3. EUROPE AT THE HEIGHT OF NAZI GERMANY POWER 1942
    Lidice
    3
  • 4. Lidice 9th June 1942 – 503 inhabitants
    Men employed as miners and steelworkers in the nearby city of Kladno
    School photograph
    June 2nd 1942
    4
  • 5. Reinhard Heydrich1904 - 1942
    Considered to be Adolf Hitler’s successor
    Installed as Deputy Reich Protector of Bohemia & Moravia on 27 September 1941
    Considered the Czechoslovakian people to be slaves for the German war effort.
    Increased the working day from 8 hours to 12 hours
    He famously proclaimed, “We will Germanize the Czech vermin”
    5,000 Czechs executed in first 4 months
    Czechoslovakians knew him as “The Hangman”
    5
  • 6. Operation Anthropoid27th May 1942
    The British trained Czech partisan assassinators Jan Kubiš and Jozef Gabčík
    Heydrich’s burnt out Mercedes
    Left at the scene: Stengun Mk II and hand grenade
    Minutes from London meeting which gives confirmation of the decision to execute plan
    6
  • 7. Nazi Retribution
    Hitler wanted to “Make up for “his” death”
    Following Heydrich’s assassination public executions in Prague were commonplace
    On hearing news of Heydrich’s death, an enraged Adolf Hitler ordered the Gestapo to
    “Wade in blood” through
    Bohemia.
    As a result many Czechs were summarily shot and hanged without trial and 13,000 arrests were made
    7
  • 8. Lidice – 10th June 1942The Men - 192 murdered
    Early morning 173 men were executed at Mr. Horak’s farmhouse
    First shot in batches of 5
    Then batches of 10
    The 19 not in the village at the time were shot later in Prague
    The remains of Horak’s farmhouse. Nearby lies the mass grave in which
    the executed men were unceremoniously thrown.
    8
  • 9. Lidice – 10th June 1942The 173 men murdered in Lidice
    9
  • 10. Lidice – June 1942Women & Children
    On the gymnasium floor strewn with a little straw the women and children spent their last three days and two nights together.
    The Gestapo made detailed descriptions of the children, identifying hair and eye colour
    On the 12th the children were forcibly separated from the women
    Kladno Grammar School
    June 10th – 12th
    10
  • 11. The Children82 murdered – 9 “Germanized”
    Postcards written home to parents – July 1st. The children’s fate had already been decided.
    19 of the 82 Lidice children, murdered at Chelmno on July 2nd in specially adapted gas vans
    11
  • 12. The Children
    The ditch near Chelmno where many thousand children were laid to rest
    This propaganda image promoted the Nazis’ Lebensborn programme and contains two “Germanized” Lidice children. Their experience was far more traumatic than the picture suggests
    Dress of Lidice girl found near site
    12
  • 13. The Women60 murdered
    Ravensbrück concentration camp
    A photograph of the Lidice women on the day of their liberation.
    143 survived.
    They returned to find devastation and discovered the deaths of their men folk.
    Badge worn by Lidice women
    13
  • 14. LidiceJune 1942The Animals
    The livestock were sent to German farm
    All family pets were shot
    14
  • 15. LidiceJune 11th 1942 – late 1943
    The systematic
    obliteration of the village begins
    A professional film crew is hired to record the events for promotional purposes
    The Nazis steal the savings of the victims to pay for the destruction of the village
    15
  • 16. LidiceJune 11th 1942 – late 1943
    Re-routing the river
    Hitler Youth violation of the cemetery included the removal of gold teeth from corpses
    16
  • 17. LidiceJune 11th 1942 – late 1943
    Transporting the rubble out on a
    specially constructed narrow gauge railway
    Hitler Youth uprooting the
    trees
    17
  • 18. The only living thing to remain in Lidice.
    The Pear Tree
    Now protected by the Czech government
    At the time of the atrocity a small sapling
    18
  • 19. LidiceJune 11th 1942 – late 1943
    The cross was erected at the site of the mass grave by Soviet troops who liberated Czechoslovakia in Spring 1945
    19
  • 20. The
    Lidice Shall Live
    Campaign
    20
  • 21. Sir Barnett Stross
    Born Christmas Day 1899 in Poland. Jewish faith
    Family moved to Leeds 1902
    GP Shelton from 1926
    Councillor for Shelton from 1937 - 1945
    MP for Hanley / Stoke Central 1945 – 1965
    Died 14th May 1967
    21
  • 22. Sir Barnett Stross
    Founder of the international “Lidice Shall Live” campaign
    Successfully fought for improvements to working conditions for miners and pottery workers
    Donated land for The Mitchell Memorial Theatre
    Key figure in the establishment of Keele University
    Designed the largest Memorial Rose Garden in the world. Completed 1955
    Knighted Valentine’s Day 1964 for services to arts
    Sir Barnett Stross was granted “Freedom of the village of Lidice” in 1957
    22
  • 23. Lidice Shall LiveThe Victoria HallSeptember 6th 1942
    23
  • 24. North Staffordshire Miners
    Empathy for fellow mining community.
    Staffordshire miners donate one day’s pay per week to the campaign
    Sneyd Pit Disaster
    January 1942
    24
  • 25. Lidice Shall LiveFrom its base in Stoke-on-Trent the campaign spreads to an international level
    25
  • 26. Lidice Shall LiveRebuilding the Village – 1947 >
    Barnett Stross with delegates from The North Staffs Miners’ Federation in Lidice in 1947 inspecting the devastation left by the Nazis. They help to plan a “new” Lidice
    26
  • 27. Lidice Shall LiveHousing & Memorial Rose Garden
    Barnett Stross presenting the plans for the “Friendship & Peace Park” to Lidice residents – opened in 1955
    The main phase of the “model mining village” was completed in 1950
    27
  • 28. Lidice Today
    The Stoke-on-Trent
    based
    campaign donated
    £1 million to ensure a new Lidice
    would rise again.
    Adolf Hitler had proclaimed that
    Lidice would “Die Forever”
    28
  • 29. Lidice Today
    The
    “Lidice Rose”
    The beautiful “Friendship & Peace Park” is the largest rose garden in the world.
    Designed by Barnett Stross it contains hundreds of variants of roses from across the globe.
    29
  • 30. Lidice TodayThe Memorial Museum
    A visit to The Memorial Museum and gardens is a humbling experience for all.
    30
  • 31. Lidice Today
    The Lidice Gallery houses “The Lidice Collection”, a priceless collection of paintings and sculptures commemorating the atrocity. Donated by celebrated international artists following a call by Barnett Stross in 1966
    The Lidice Gallery
    Barnett Stross
    The Lidice Gallery is the home of The International Children’s Exhibition of Fine Art.
    The largest fine art competition for children in the world.
    31
  • 32. Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent’s Bonds Today
    The people of Lidice have never forgotten the role Barnett Stross and Stoke-on-Trent people played in rebuilding their village
    In Stoke-on-Trent adults and children are beginning to annually commemorate the atrocity and celebrate the village’s rebirth
    The people of Lidice know much about
    Stoke-on-Trent and its heritage.
    Many people support Stoke City FC. Many people love to listen to Robbie Williams
    32
  • 33. Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent Celebrating Achievements
    A great way for Stoke-on-Trent’s young people to celebrate the rebirth of Lidice and to cement the bonds between our two communities is by entering The UK Children’s Art Competition and The International Children’s Exhibition of Fine Arts
    There are prizes at county, national and international levels.
    For primary, secondary and special school pupils
    Entrants receive a certificate of
    “Recognition and Achievement”
    33
  • 34. Lidice TodayAnnual Commemoration
    Each year the people of Lidice, the Czech Republic and the world commemorate the men, women and children murdered, and the complete obliteration of the old village.
    Children’s choirs from around the world unite in friendship at The Festival of Lights:
    musical performances celebrating the values of courage, determination and friendship
    34
  • 35. Lidice & Stoke-on-Trent
    The End
    For more information on Lidice, school presentations, The UK Children’s Art Competition and The ICEFA, and becoming involved in Lidice / Stoke-on-Trent related projects, please contact Art Venue CIC
    info@ukchildrensartcompetition.org
    Acknowledgements – Lidice Memorial Museum, Mrs. Muriel Stoddard, Bustehrad School, Mrs. Ivona Kasalicka
    This presentation © Alan Gerrard / Art Venue CIC is free to distribute in order to raise awareness of the inspirational links between Stoke-on-Trent and Lidice to their fullest extent.
    35