TechShare 2009 - Accessibility and Disability - A History of Innovation, Artur Ortega, Yahoo!


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Techshare 2009 - Making the Most of Technology

Disability and the need for accessibility always was a source for new inventions. I want to show how over the times this desire for accessibility lead to a lot of our day to day items we don't want to miss particularly in our offices.

This talk was about the history of technology and which role accessibility took for innovation and could take for future development. I described that engineering is not only a technical but on the same time a social profession.
This combination tries to make the world a better place by innovation and inclusion of all - regardless of having a disability or not.

Techshare 2009 took place on 16 - 18 September 2009 at the ExCeL London conference and exhibition centre.

Techshare is a series of international events which highlight the importance of digital technology in the lives of people with disabilities. Join us in exploring how new innovations in assistive technology can enhance education, work, and play.

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TechShare 2009 - Accessibility and Disability - A History of Innovation, Artur Ortega, Yahoo!

  1. 1. Accessibility and Disability A History of Innovation September 2009 Techshare
  2. 2. Speaker <ul><li>Artur Ortega </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility Evangelist </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who is Artur Ortega? <ul><li>Blind Software Engineer </li></ul>
  4. 4. Innovation <ul><li>A new way of doing something. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Innovation <ul><li>A new way of doing something </li></ul><ul><li>radical and revolutionary. </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in </li></ul><ul><li>- thinking </li></ul><ul><li>- products </li></ul>
  6. 6. Accessibility <ul><li>The stone is given its existence; it need not fight for being what it is - a stone in a field. </li></ul><ul><li>Man has to be himself in spite of unfavorable circumstances; that means he has to make his own existence at every single moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Jose Ortega y Gasset 1883-1955 </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Innovation in the Office </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Office of Today
  9. 9. Keyboard
  10. 10. Keyboard <ul><li>- Pellegrino Turri di Castelnuovo, </li></ul><ul><li>Countess Carolina Vantoni </li></ul><ul><li>- Precursor to the typewriter </li></ul>
  11. 11. Keyboard <ul><li>- 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>- Picture based keyboards </li></ul><ul><li>- Today: McDonald’s </li></ul>
  12. 12. Printer
  13. 13. Printer <ul><li>- Pellegrino Turri di </li></ul><ul><li>Castelnuovo </li></ul><ul><li>- Printer </li></ul><ul><li>- Ink: Tracing paper coated </li></ul><ul><li>with coal dust </li></ul>
  14. 14. Scanner
  15. 15. Scanner & OCR <ul><li>- 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>- Ray Kurzweil </li></ul><ul><li>- Reading Machine </li></ul><ul><li>- Flatbed scanner and OCR </li></ul><ul><li>technology </li></ul>
  16. 16. Telephone
  17. 17. Telephone <ul><li>- Alexander Graham Bell </li></ul><ul><li>- Hearing devices </li></ul><ul><li>- U.S. patent on </li></ul><ul><li>telephone </li></ul>
  18. 18. Telephone <ul><li>- 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>- ADA </li></ul><ul><li>- Accessible phones </li></ul>
  19. 19. Telephone <ul><li>1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Loopset </li></ul>
  20. 20. Radio
  21. 21. Radio <ul><li>- Transistor </li></ul><ul><li>- Graham Bell and Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>- Hearing Aids </li></ul><ul><li>- Sony: Transistor radio </li></ul>
  22. 22. Radio <ul><li>Spectrogram </li></ul><ul><li>Graham Bell Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Making speech visible </li></ul>
  23. 23. CPU
  24. 24. Binary Code <ul><li>- 1821 </li></ul><ul><li>- Louis Braille six dot code </li></ul><ul><li>- Binary code, character set </li></ul>
  25. 25. Microphone
  26. 26. Microphone <ul><li>- 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>- E.C. Wente of Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>- Condenser microphone </li></ul>
  27. 27. Speech Recognition <ul><li>- 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>- Davis, Biddulph and Balashek of </li></ul><ul><li>Bell Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>- Ten digits: 97 percent accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>- Today: Dragon NaturallySpeaking </li></ul>
  28. 28. Headphones
  29. 29. Talking books <ul><li>- 1932 </li></ul><ul><li>- American Foundation for </li></ul><ul><li>the blind </li></ul><ul><li>- Durable long playing </li></ul><ul><li>record </li></ul><ul><li>- Today: Audio books </li></ul>
  30. 30. Voice Indexing <ul><li>A Guide for Handicapped Visitors” </li></ul><ul><li>-Today: Apple iPod shuffle </li></ul><ul><li>1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Talking book “Access to National Parks: </li></ul>
  31. 31. Speech synthesiser <ul><li>- 1936 </li></ul><ul><li>- H.W. Dudley of Bell Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>- Artificial talking machine </li></ul><ul><li>- “Voice coder“: &quot;Voder“ </li></ul>
  32. 32. Applications
  33. 33. Subtitling <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrim Imaging </li></ul><ul><li>Captioned Films for the Deaf Program </li></ul><ul><li>Today: BBC subtitles 100% </li></ul>
  34. 34. Teletype machine <ul><li>- 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>- Marsters and Weitchrecht </li></ul><ul><li>- Teletype machine attached to </li></ul><ul><li>the telephone system </li></ul>- Today: Internet chat and Instant Messaging
  35. 35. Email <ul><li>&quot;I have spent, as you can imagine, a fair chunk of my time trying to persuade people with hearing impairments to make use of electronic mail because I found it so powerful myself.“ </li></ul><ul><li>1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Vint Cerf </li></ul><ul><li>protocols for the ARPANET </li></ul>
  36. 36. The Office of the Future Accessibility and Disability The Future of Innovation
  37. 37. “ The origins of such technological staples as public address systems, text messaging and even the Internet itself can be traced to innovative accommodations to people with disabilities. This phenomenon is the basis for a growing awareness among engineers, architects and product developers of the significance of universal design in our physical and electronic environments.” - Deborah Kendrick, Cincinnati Inquirer
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Artur Ortega <ul><li>Accessibility Evangelist </li></ul><ul><li>Yahoo! Europe Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>125 Shaftesbury Avenue </li></ul><ul><li>London WC2H 8AD </li></ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>