PARTICIPATORY PLANNINGin Sustainable Development Joko Purwanto (Bojonegoro Institute) Elisa Sutanudjaja (Rujak Center for Urban Studies)Generic
Basic Problems• Expenditure in local budget/APBD does not fully refre to local planning (RPJMD)• Local budget expenditure that does not focus on achieving the goals and trapped in the routine of local expenditure. Does not provide multiplayer impact• RPJMD that always change every 5 years (inline with the succession of the new head of municipal/bupati) tend to be lack of continuation between each of leadership period• Budget tends to be dominated by the same sectors every year, infrastructure for instance• Budget based on account (pagu), not performance (Blora)• The priority for expenditure does not fully refer the to RPJMD• Unequal distribution of expenditure, dominated by big districts where ―influential‖ people reside• Group domination take control on the region planning scheme
PROCESS• Multi-stakeholders consultation and coordination• Agreement with the Bupati• The formation of Core Team• Stakeholders Capacity Buildining• Participatory action research• The creation of focused, clear, and relaistic vision of Municipality: describing all stakeholders interest (joint vision of stakeholders)—begins with SWP vision• Drafting the Sustainable Local Development Planning (RPDB)• Content penetration (integrating RPDB to the local planning and budgeting scheme). Incorporated in to RPJMD• Open consultation (Friday dialog)
GOALS• To build the regioan with sustainable develpoment scheme (not depend on just one sector-oil/gas) based on participatory planningHOW?• Conversing oil/gas fund in to: – Social development: education and health – Local economic development: strengthen the existing income source (agricultural-based), and building sustainable income source that does not related to oil/gas.
TYPES OF INNOVATIONS• Sustainable local development planning Dokumen RPDB• Concentration on annual budget based on sectors RPJMD ABPD• Municipality Indicative Account : to make equal in distributing budget Bupati regulations/Keputusan Bupati No 10A/2011
RESULT• The creation of sustainable development planning documents (Bojonegoro 15 years, Blora 5 years?)• Focused-budgeting to specific sectors (basic health and education services and the developments of agricultural and industrial-based SMEs), according to the midterm planning• Fair percentage of budget distribution to municipality• Budgeting based on development priority
LESSON LEARN• Takes time, takes cost: Participatory Planning process requires long time and often costly• Representation: representation based on regional and the number of people represent become a significant variable in developing participatory planning mechanism• Equality and trust between multistakeholder becoming key point in participatory planning• Synchronization of mechanism for the long process of participatory planning with existing and stable local planning
FUTURE CHALLENGES• Moderating interventions from central government and private sectors in to local development planning• Moderating political process that often bending planning implementation• Encouraging the increase of demand for participatory planning in village level• Equality of stakeholders status in local planning, for example, farmer groups vs business groups• Implementation of planning often hindered by political process• Replicating the model• Institutionalizing the model