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Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships
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Metaphor to stimulate cross cultural relationships

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Brief overview of how metaphor can help stimulate understanding of different perspectives in cultural understanding. Facilitated conversation at RMIT University's Asia Forum on August 8, 2012.

Brief overview of how metaphor can help stimulate understanding of different perspectives in cultural understanding. Facilitated conversation at RMIT University's Asia Forum on August 8, 2012.

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  • 1. Metaphor use in AsiaEnhance awareness and increaseunderstanding through metaphor conversations Arthur Shelley RMIT Asia Forum August 8, 2012 © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 1 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 2. Metaphor Definitions and Examples “A figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance.” “A mighty fortress is our God.” “Something used, or regarded as being used, to represent something else; emblem; symbol.” Dictionary.com “Time is money” or “Argument is war” Lakoff and Johnston (1980) “The Art of War” http://www.military-quotes.com/Sun-Tzu.htm © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 2 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 3. Metaphor structure and purpose Tenor Vehicle“All the world’s a stage,And all the men and women merely players;They have their exits and their entrances”William Shakespeare, in As You Like ItMetaphor is an analogy to use something familiar (the Vehicle)to develop understanding of something less familiar (the Tenor)Metaphor is a figure of speech to aid knowledge transfer and learningthrough simplification and comparison. © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 3 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 4. Stories and Metaphor are embedded into our culturesChristianity and the Bible Chinese Cultural Teachings & Zodiac Arabic culture, Koran, Bedouin culture…Australian Aboriginal culture & metaphoric creation dance Jewish Talmud & MidrashHindu Panchatantra stories Buddhist Jataka Tales © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 4 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 5. Zoo Leadership Styles Lion Aggressive Command and Control Territorial Charismatic or ego-driven  Leads by fear© Arthur Shelley 2011 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use providedsource is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use. 5
  • 6. Zoo Leadership Styles Eagle Inspirational Above the mire Great long range vision Rapid action on opportunities Great instinct Strategic  Leads strategically with vision© Arthur Shelley 2011 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 6source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 7. Choose your animal appropriatelyBehaviour is YOUR choiceThe more versatile you can be and the better you understand and relateto others, the more successful you will be. © Arthur Shelley 2011 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 7 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 8. However…Article addressing the effectiveness of metaphors that bridge the gapbetween a known concept and one that is new to the learner, found thatstudents from the majority culture and those for whom English is asecond language can misunderstand metaphors.To communicate clearly pay special attention to the use of metaphors.One challenge to the nurse is effective communication, as the clientmay not yet have acquired the ability to understand commonmetaphors.The student who has been educated to be sensitive to these concernswill provide better care for these clients.Marilyn L. Weitzel, Effects of Metaphors for Asian and Majority-Culture Students. HomeHealth Care Management Practice December 2004 vol. 17 no. 1 14-21 © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 8 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 9. Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions http://geert-hofstede.com/national-culture.html © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 9 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 10. Behavioural DNA perspectives Positive contribution Negative contribution Asian Police? © Arthur Shelley 2011 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 10 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 11. Cultural perceptions… “East” “West” “Ultimate being” Evil icon to be slain Can mean “Death” Usually Knowledge Reliability, Stupidity, persistence stubbornHighlight differences in cultural perceptions to increase richness of interactions © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 11 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 12. Positively influencing outcomes through metaphor based interactionsMetaphoric reflective conversations © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 12 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 13. Reflective Impact Diary© Arthur Shelley 2009 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 13source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 14. Conclusions• Metaphor is a powerful tool to stimulate conversations about behaviour and behavioural differences and interactions• Reflective conversations stimulated using animals metaphor can work well across cultures PROVIDED the facilitator is sensitive to different cultural perceptions and interpretations• Discussing such differences enhances the richness of the interaction and the development of mutual understanding across participants © Arthur Shelley 2012 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 14 source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.
  • 15. Contact Arthur Shelley arthur@organizationalzoo.com FREE behavioural profile www.organizationalzoo.com/profiler Insights into behaviours www.organizationalzoo.com/blog www.organizationalzoo.com/ZooTube Consulting and mentoring www.intelligentanswers.com.au Ph +61 413 047 408 @Metaphorage #OrgZoo© Arthur Shelley 2011 under Creative Commons License. Available for public use provided 15source is acknowledged. Permission of the author required for commercial use.

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