Marlene Dietrich


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Marlene Dietrich

  1. 1. The legendary Marlene Dietrich, the unforgettable interpreter of Lili Marlene
  2. 2. Born Maria Magdelena in Berlin, the daughter of Edouard von Losch and Wilelmina Elisabeth Josephine Felsing. Her real father, Louis Erich Otto Dietrich, a Royal Prussian officer died when she was very young. Her family life was conservative, upper-middle class, and with her father's military influence, it regarded the importance of duty and discipline to the utmost degree. It would be this influence which would shape her acting career and her life as a citizen in years to come.
  3. 3. Her first love was the violin and she aspired to become a concert violinist. Suffering a wrist injury which made it impossible for her to continue playing, her dreams were shattered. Turning to the stage, she appeared in German cabaret productions and small films. She met and married Rudie Sieber, a production assistant on the film Tragedie der Liebe (Tragedy of Love), in 1924 and the following year Marlene gave birth to their daughter, Maria.
  4. 4. She was discovered by Josef von Sternberg and offered a part in his film "The Blue Angel," the first German "talkie." The film became an international success, and when von Sternberg returned to Hollywood, Marlene joined him, leaving behind her husband and daughter. Her work with von Sternberg was truly a collaboration where the two transformed Marlene into a glamorous starlet, a vision of von Sternberg's ideal woman.
  5. 5. Dietrich's 1937 film, Knight Without Armour, was made in London for the Hungarian- born, Jewish producer Alexander Korda. In later interviews, she stated that she had been approached by representatives of the Nazi Party, asking her to return to Germany, but had turned them down flat. Dietrich became an American citizen in 1939.
  6. 6. Her first American film, Morocco, directed by von Sternberg, earned Dietrich her only Oscar nomination. Dietrich's most lasting contribution to film history was as the star of a series of six films directed by von Sternberg at Paramount between 1930 and 1935: Morocco, Dishonored, Shanghai Express, Blonde Venus, The Scarlet Empress, and The Devil is a Woman.
  7. 7. With her career on the decline, she left Hollywood for two years and returned to Europe. In 1939, producer Joe Pasternak offered her role in the film "Destry Rides Again" with star James Stewart. A western, the role transformed her femme fatale image to that of a leathery saloon hostess and in effect, resurrected her career.
  8. 8. Mystery and glamour are the first things that come to mind when the name Marlene Dietrich is mentioned. Working her way from the German cabaret stage to the glittering lights of Hollywood
  9. 9. During World War II, she made her intentions towards the Hitler regime clear by not only becoming a US citizen, but also by entertaining USO troops overseas and giving anti-Nazi broadcasts in German.
  10. 10. After the war, Marlene continued to appear in films such as "Golden Earrings," Hitchcock's "Stagefright" and "Ranco Notorious." Then a distinction, vastly different than she had attained in the past occurred when her daughter Maria gave birth to a son. The media dubbed her as "the world's most glamorous Grandmother." In 1950, at the age of 49 she was photographed by Milton Greene in some of the most striking photographs of her proving that she was in fact all the glamorous starlet she had always been, despite her new title as Grandmother.
  11. 11. The last notable film Marlene made was the emotional "Judgment at Nuremberg" where she played a wife of a Nazi officer. From then on she appeared only in a handful of small roles and regular stage appearances.
  12. 12. In December 1941, the U.S. entered World War II, and Dietrich became one of the first celebrities to raise war bonds. She entertained troops on the front lines in a USO revue that included future TV pioneer Danny Thomas as her opening act.
  13. 13. She recorded a number of anti-Nazi records in German for the OSS. She sang for the Allied troops on the front lines in Algeria and France, and went into Germany with Generals James M. Gavin and George S. Patton. When asked why she had done this, in spite of the obvious danger of being within a few kilometers of German lines, she replied, "aus Anstand" — "it was the decent thing to do."
  14. 14. Dietrich was awarded the Medal of Freedom by the U.S. Government for her war work. She was also made a chevalier (later commandeur) of the Légion d'Honneur by the French government.
  15. 15. Her films roles became fewer and fewer, but Marlene remained in the public eye by making stage appearances, notably in London, Moscow, Paris, Tel Aviv and even Berlin..
  16. 16. She spent her last decade mostly bed-ridden, in her apartment at no. 12 avenue Montaigne in Paris, during which time she was not seen in public but was a prolific letter-writer and phone-caller.
  17. 17. Dietrich died peacefully of renal failure on May 6, 1992, at the age of 90 in Paris. A service was conducted at La Madeleine in Paris before 3,500 mourners and a crowd of well-wishers outside. Her body, covered with an American flag, was then returned to Berlin where she was interred at the Städtischer Friedhof III, Berlin-Schöneberg, Stubenrauchstraße 43-45, in Friedenau Cemetery, near her mother's grave and not far away from the house where she was born.
  18. 18. On October 24, 1993, the largest portion of her estate was sold to the Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek, where it became the core of the exhibition at the Filmmuseum Berlin. The collection includes: over 3,000 textile items from the 1920s through the 1990s, including film and stage costumes as well as over a thousand items from Dietrich's personal wardrobe; 15,000 photographs, by Cecil Beaton, Horst P. Horst, George Hurrell, Lord Snowdon, Eugene Robert Richee, and Edward Steichen; 300,000 pages of documents, including correspondence with Burt Bacharach, Yul Brynner, Maurice Chevalier, Noel Coward, Jean Gabin, Ernest Hemingway, Karl Lagerfeld, Nancy and Ronald Reagan, Erich Maria Remarque, Josef von Sternberg, Orson Welles, and Billy Wilder; as well as other items like film posters and sound recordings.
  19. 19. “If she had nothing more than her voice she could break your heart with it. But she has that beautiful body and the timeless loveliness of her face. It makes no difference how she breaks your heart if she is there to mend it.” Ernest Hemingway
  20. 20. Auf Wiedersehen Marlene Good-Bye Marlene Aurevoir Marlene
  21. 21. Lili Marlene Sung by Marlene Dietrich
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.