Delegation of authority is one vital organizational process. It is inevitable along with the surrender of authority by the higher level manager. It only means transfer of certain expansion and growth of a business enterprise. along Delegatin omeans assigning of certain responsibilities with the necessary authority by a superior to his subordinate managers . Delegation does not mean responsibilities to subordinates and giving them the necessary authority, which is necessary to discharge the responsibility properly. Delegation is quite common in all aspects of life including business. Even in the college, the principal delegates some of his authority to the vice-principal.
Delegation is not a process of abdication. The person who delegates does not divorce himself from the responsibility and authority with which he is entrusted. He remains accountable for the overall performance and also for the performance of his subordinates. Delegation is needed when the volume of work to be done is in excess of an individual's physical and mental capacity.
According to F.C Moore , "Delegation means assigning work to the others and giving them authority to do so.“
According to O. S. Miner , "Delegation takes place when one person gives another the right to perform work on his behalf and in his name and the second person accepts a corresponding duty or obligation to do that is required of him.“
According to Louis Allen , "Delegation is the dynamics of management, it is the process a manager follows in dividing the work assigned to him so that he performs that part which only he, because of his unique organizational placement, can perform effectively, and so that he can get others to help him with what remains."