Why the world needs an Urban Sustainable Development Goal?

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Presentation at Global Summit of Local & Regional Governments in Rabat on 4 October 2013 on the rationale for an urban Sustainable Development Goal as part of the post-2015 UN developmemt agenda. Supported by UN Habitat, UCLG, Cities Alliance and ICLEI

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Why the world needs an Urban Sustainable Development Goal?

  1. 1. “Why the world needs an urban SDG?” @Aromar Revi at UCLG Centenary Summit Rabat, 4th October 2013 #urbanSDG | urban Sustainable Development Goal @unsdsn www.unsdsn.org arevi@iihs.co.in
  2. 2. The world in 1900* Pop:1.5 billion Urban share:13% Gross World product:~$2 trillion Urban share:~30% Sources: UN (2011) ; Satterthwaithe, D , Revi, A, et. al. (2014) forthcoming; De Long (1998)
  3. 3. The world in 1950* Pop:2.5 billion Urban share:29% Gross World product:~$7 trillion Urban share:~45% Sources: UN (2011); Satterthwaithe, D , Revi, A, et. al. (2014) forthcoming; De Long (1998)
  4. 4. The world in 2013* Pop: 7 billion Urban share:~50% Gross World product:~$70 trillion Urban share:~70% Sources: NASA, (2012), UN (2011 ; Satterthwaithe, D , Revi, A, et. al. (2014) forthcoming; De Long (1998)
  5. 5. The world in 2025* Pop: 8 billion Urban share:~58% Gross World product:~$85 trillion Urban share:~75% Sources: UN (2011) , Satterthwaithe, D , Revi, A, et. al. (2014) forthcoming; De Long (1998), McKinsey (2013)
  6. 6. Did the MDGs (2000-2015) do ‘justice’ to urban areas? 1. No ‘urban’ MDG, but some progress 2. Slum MDG ‘achieved’ 3. Questions: a. Goals for poor people in ‘poor’ countries b. Role of local & regional governments? c. Urban employment & economic development? d. Urban sustainability & Resilience? e. Urban social inclusion?
  7. 7. SDSN: Ten proposed SDGs (2015-2030) 1. End Extreme Poverty including Hunger 2. Achieve Development within planetary boundaries 3. Ensure effective Learning for all children & youth for life & livelihood 4. Achieve Gender equality, social inclusion & Human Rights for all 5. Achieve Health & Wellbeing at all ages 6. Improve Agricultural systems & Raise Rural Prosperity 7. Empower Inclusive, Productive & Resilient Cities 8. Curb Human Induced Climate change & Ensure Sustainable Energy 9. Secure Ecosystems & Biodiversity, Ensure good management of water & other natural resources 10. Transform Governance for Sustainable Development
  8. 8. Proposed #urbanSDG (2015-2030) Make all cities socially inclusive, economically productive, environmentally sustainable, secure, and resilient to climate change and other risks. Develop participatory, accountable, and effective city (and regional) governance to support rapid and equitable urban transformation.
  9. 9. Three proposed #urbanSDG Targets 1. End extreme urban poverty, expand employment and productivity, and raise living standards, especially in slums. 2. Ensure universal access to a secure and affordable built environment and basic urban services including housing; water, sanitation and waste management; low-carbon energy and transport; and mobile and broadband communication. 3. Ensure safe air and water quality for all, and integrate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, efficient and land resource use, and climate and disaster resilience into investments and standards.
  10. 10. The challenge of an #urbanSDG : mixing universal with regional & local indicators 1. Argument against an #urban SDG a. If urban then a rural goal also necessary b. Too complex, un-implementable c. No universal ‘urban’ definition 2. Real issue: political & fiscal devolution 3. Demonstrate that local & regional governments can deliver around mixed universal with national/ regional / local indicators
  11. 11. 21st century: a new governance architecture? • A new set of 21st century SDGs that balance: intra-generational & inter-generational equity • A new governance architecture balancing interests of: – Nation-states – Local & Regional governments – Firms – Rights of communities & citizens
  12. 12. A Campaign for an #urbanSDG 1. Mobilising urban & regional governments worldwide 2. Lobbying with national governments & groups 3. Getting (development) finance institutions on-board 4. Orienting the private sector 5. A global citizens social media campaign
  13. 13. A centennial gift to UCLG? An #urban SDG by October 2014 9 weeks to make this happen! Global Urban & Regional Govts. Task Force meeting: New York, 13th December 2013
  14. 14. Why the world needs an urban SDG? @Aromar Revi at UCLG Centenary Summit Rabat, 4th October 2013 #urbanSDG | urban Sustainable Development Goal @unsdsn www.unsdsn.org arevi@iihs.co.in

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