Aromatherapy Introduction

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Aromatherapy Introduction — using aromatherapy for medicinal purposes.
History, origin, distillation and other extraction methods, effects on the mind and body, uses, particular essential oil properties

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Aromatherapy Introduction

  1. 1. Aromatherapy Remedial treatment of disease or disorder using aromatic essential oils from plants. Holistic: Physical Emotional Mental Spiritual Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 1
  2. 2. Topics  Attributes of essential oils  Healing process  Derivation of essential oils  History  Examples Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 2
  3. 3. Types of oils  Essential oils  Vegetable oils  Infused herbal oil  Flower essence  Aromatic chemical Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 3
  4. 4. Purpose for the plant  Immune system  Anti-bacterial  Insect:  Attraction for fertilization  Prevention of attack  Protection from dehydration Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 4
  5. 5. Key medicinal characteristics  All are anti-bacterial  Lipophilic: fat soluble, not water  Chemically complex  Volatile  Most are lighter than water  Powerful  Not oily  Whole oil is more active than principal constituent Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 5
  6. 6. Essential oils contain 50-500 different chemicals  Terpenes: citrus oils  Alcohols: key constituent in benefit  Phenols: fiery, strong anti-bacterial  Ketones: dangerous, healing for wounds  Esters: soothing, calming Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 6
  7. 7. Healing process  Small molecules penetrate the skin and olfactory system  Travel in the bloodstream  Leave the body in 4-20 hours through the kidneys Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 7
  8. 8. Effects of essential oils  Catalyst to regenerate systems and organs  Anti-oxidants, anti-inflammatory  Anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal  Non-allergenic  Olfactory system stimulation  Limbic brain  Endocrine system Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 8
  9. 9. Aromatherapy Introduction9 Effect of essential oils on the body and mind
  10. 10. Most Powerful of the Senses Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 10
  11. 11. Derivation  Distillation  Cold expression  Enfleurage  Solvent extraction  Carbon dioxide extraction Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 11
  12. 12. Steam Distillation Process Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 12 Hot water Cold water Water and essential oils Floral waters Essential oils Vaporized water and essential oils Plant material Water Steam Heat
  13. 13. History  Ancient  Fragrances associated with gods  Sumeria: botanical healers  Egypt: massage, reflexology  Spiritual use of oils was transformative  Cedarwood: sacred oil Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 13
  14. 14. History  Greece: oils as aphrodisiacs  800-400 BC: Aesclepius health temples  300 BC: Theophrastus wrote Odoribus  1 AD: Dioscorides wrote Matera Medica  Rome: oils to help recover from excess  Baths  Society Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 14
  15. 15. History  China  Greatest herbalists  2700 BC: Shen Nung wrote Herbal  India  3000 BC: Ayurvedic medicine Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 15
  16. 16. Methods of use Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 16  Bath  Body wrap  Compress  Facial cream  Facial mask  Inhalation  Massage oil  Neat  Sauna  Shampoo  Shower  Steam  Vaporization  Water spray
  17. 17. Aromatherapy Introduction17 Applications of oils Colds, flu, respiratory irritations Lemon, Chamomile, Lavender, Peppermint, Eucalyptus Steams, massage over lung area, drop on pillow Acne Cedarwood, Lavender, Patchouli, Tea Tree, Rosemary, Bergamot Oils in lotion or massage oil or added to soap. Osteoarthritis Black pepper, Ginger, Lavender, Marjoram, Rosemary, Thyme Massage over joints Muscular cramping Clary Sage, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Cypress, Camphor, Peppermint Massage over muscle Disease/Illness Oils Methods Note: Additional consultation of Aromatherapy reference material is needed to understand safe usage of these oils.
  18. 18. Essential Oils  Lavender: safe, balancing, calming, analgesic, soothing, sedative  Chamomile: safe, soothing, calming, anti-inflammatory, analgesic  Tea Tree: safe, anti-infectious, fungicidal, antiseptic  Lemon: antiseptic, cleansing, reduces fever, powerful bactericide  Peppermint: energizing, warming/cooling, clears respiratory tract  Rosemary: stimulant, improves memory, enlivens brain, analgesic  Myrrh: antiseptic, expectorant, healing to gums, strengthens spirit  Thyme: strong bactericide, helps asthma, strengthening on all levels  Patchouli: grounding, balancing, strengthens immune system  Geranium: hormonal balancer, diuretic, anti-fungal, anti-viral  Grapefruit: draining, uplifting, diuretic, aids drug withdrawal  Rose: soothing, heals emotions, hormone balancer for women  Cedarwood: drying, anti-fungal, expectorant, analgesic, calming  Frankincense: revitalizing, clearing, stops bleeding, elevates mind Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 18
  19. 19. Aromatherapy Bibliography  Buckle, Jane, “Clinical Aromatherapy in Nursing”, Arnold:UK, 1997.  Davis, Patricia, “Aromatherapy: An A-Z”, CW Daniel Company:UK, 1995.  Keville, Kathi and Mindy Green, “Aromatherapy: A Complete Guide to the Healing Art”, Crossing Press: Freedom, CA, 1995.  Lawless, Julia, “The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils”, Element Books:UK, 1995.  Rose, Jeanne, “375 Essential Oils and Hydrosols”, Frog Ltd: Berkeley, 1999.  Schnaubelt, Kurt, “Advanced Aromatherapy”, Healing Arts Press: Rochester, VT, 1995. Aromatherapy Introduction Kathryn Gorges 19

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