Under the doctrine of constitutional supremacy, if a law or contract violates any norm of the Constitution, that law or contract, whether promulgated by the legislative or by the executive branch or entered into by private persons for private purposes, is null and void and without any force and effect.
What is the meaning of “equal protection of the law”?
It is a constitutional guarantee of the equality of the persons.
It guarantees LEGAL equality or equality of all persons before the law. “The goddess of justice is portrayed with a blindfold, not because she must be hindered in seeing where the right lies, but that she may not discriminate against suitors before her, dispensing instead an even handed justice to all.”
It means that judicial decisions interpreting the law shall form part of the Philippine legal system. The rule follows the legal maxim: “legis interpretado legis vim obtinet” (the interpretation placed upon the written law by a competent court has the force of law).
The interpretation placed by the courts establishes the contemporaneous legislative intent of the law.