Presented by: Arnel O. Rivera UPHDS – Molino Campus ARticleXVThe Family http://www.slideshare.net/ArnelSSI
Art. XV Sec.1 The State recognizes the Filipino family as the foundation of the nation. Accordingly, it shall strengthen its solidarity and actively promote its total development. Concept of Family The family is a group of persons united together by ties of marriage and blood.
Importance of the family to the State It is the basic social institution. It is the basic unit of the state. It is the very heart of the society. It is formed in response to human needs and inclinations that are deeply rooted in the nature of men.
Importance of the family to the State It is the community’s first socializing agency. It is here that the child learns obedience, cooperation and respect for the rights of others. The unity and love and other values being honored in practice in the family makes it the most effective training ground for good citizenship. Families shape the future of humanity for all future generations.
Duties of the State The state is mandated to strengthen its solidarity and actively promote its total development. The state has the obligation to actively promote it. Numerous social and economic problems can trace their roots in the weakening of the family as a basic social institution.
Duties of the State If we want a united and strong Philippines, we must strengthen and build up the Filipino home by keeping it united as it has traditionally been. Proclamation No. 60 (Sept. 8, 1992) declares the last week of September of every year as Family and Parents Week.
Scope of the Law on family The state recognizes the sanctity of family life. No law shall be made to regulate such matters as the sexual relations of the spouses or the right of each spouse to open correspondence of the other, or the career that parents should choose for their children.
Scope of the Law on family It is only when the public interest are concerned that the law fixes rules regulating family relations. The law steps in to protect the rights of the children and wife against the abuses of the husband. To determine the relations of members of the family in matters where society has an interest such as support, parental authority to regulate the rights and liability of each member.
Marriage Section 2. Marriage, as an inviolable social institution, is the foundation of the family and shall be protected by the State. It refers to the act by which a man and a woman become husband and wife. It is both a status and a contract. It is a status of one man and woman, legally united for life, with rights and obligations which are governed by law and not subject to private agreement between the parties.
Section 3. The State shall defend: (1) The right of spouses to found a family in accordance with their religious convictions and the demands of responsible parenthood; (2) The right of children to assistance, including proper care and nutrition, and special protection from all forms of neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation and other conditions prejudicial to their development; (3) The right of the family to a family living wage and income; and (4) The right of families or family associations to participate in the planning and implementation of policies and programs that affect them.
Right of spouses (Subsec. 1) The state is prohibited from interfering to determine the size of their own family according to their own religious convictions and the demands of responsible parenthood. Parents have the responsibility not only to provide for their material needs but also for their moral and spiritual guidance.
Rights of children (subsec. 2) To be born, to have a name and nationality To have a family who will love and care for them To live in a peaceful community and wholesome environment To have adequate food and a healthy and active body To obtain a good education and develop their potential
Rights of children (subsec. 2) To be given opportunities for play and leisure To be protected against abuse, exploitation, neglect, violence, and danger To be defended and given assistance by the government To be able to express their own views Universal Declaration of the Rights of a Child (UNICEF)
Right of family (subsec. 3) A family is entitled at least to have a decent home, sufficient food, adequate clothing and medical care. Parents should have the financial capacity to educate children at least up to high school and save for emergencies.
Right of families or family organization (subsec. 4) The state guarantees the right of the people and people’s organizations to participate “at all levels of social, political and economic decision - making” in matters affecting the various sectors they represent. R.A. No. 8369 (Oct. 28, 1997) establishes Child and Family Courts to exclusively handle criminal and civil cases involving children and/or family relations.
Care for the elderly Section 4. The family has the duty to care for its elderly members but the State may also do so through just programs of social security. Existing laws grant benefits for sickness, disability etc. to elderly people.
Laws for senior citizens RA 7432 (April 23, 1992) grants benefits and special privileges to senior citizens defined by law to mean “any resident citizen of the Philippines at least 60 years old xxx”. RA 7876 (Feb. 14, 1995) Senior Citizens Act of the Philippines, establishes a Senior Citizens Center in all cities and municipalities in the Philippines.
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