Soninké I Mandinga
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Soninké I Mandinga

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    Soninké I Mandinga Soninké I Mandinga Document Transcript

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    • GHPjDGY VRRPD GHPDQDUY xLQLQNDD GHQWQ  xL1R GHV.DQVDUY IRxR GHVSUpVDGYSUHS 
    • NRROD 
    • QRRPD GHVSXOODUVHY  ZXUD GHXDGMSURQ WD1>†@ GLDQ WLORR RSRVDWDQLW
    • _OX1R KRUHV
    • GLDULQ NLEDDULNDLWRR GLIt.LODGM NROH1R GLMRXVQ DUDDPLVDOX1RDUDDPLVRR GLOOXQVQ WHQH1OX1R GLPDUWVQ WDODDWRWDODDWDOX1R GLPH.UHVQ DUDEDOX1RDUDERR GLQDUQ NRQWR1R 
    • GLQHUVQ NRGRRNRSDURR GLQVDGYSUHS NRQRWR_ 
    • NRQR GLUY IRNR GLV.XWLUY ND.DD GHEDWUH
    • _xRRVDED .RPEDWUH
    • GLVVDEWHQ VLELWRR GLWGHODPjQ EXOXNRQGL1R GLWGHOSHXQ VLQNRQGL1R GLXPHQJHQ DODKDGRR GLYHQGUHVQ DUDMXPRR GR.XPHQWVQ NDLWRR GROoDGM GLLPDD GROHQWDGM  MDZRR GRORUDGM  GLPRR GRQDQ  PXVRR GRQDUY GLL GRUPLUY VLLQRR GRVDGMSURQ IXOD>†@ GUHWDQ EXOXEDD GUHWVQ ODVDEDWL HOOSURQ D>†@ HOOVSURQ  L>†@ HQ.HQGUHY PXWDQGL HQVHQDUY  NDUDQGL WUDQVPHWUH.RQHL[HPHQWV
    • QLQGL HQWHQGUHY IDKDDPX HQWUDUY WDD HQYLDUY NLL HVERUUDUY WXXWXNXX HV.DOIDUY NDQGLQGL HV.RODQ NDUDPEX1R HV.ROWDUY ODPR HV.ULXUHY VDIHH HVJOpVLDQ .RR.RR HVPRU]DUQ GDDVDDPRR 
    • HVSHUDUY EDWX HVSRVDQ PXVRR>†@ HVTXHQDQ NRRPD HVTXHUUDQ PDUDD HVWQ WLOLERR HVWDOYLDUY PDDERR HVWLPDUY NDQX HVWyPD.Q NRQRR HVWUDQJHUQ ZXOD OOR.
    • HVWUHOODQ ORRORR HVWXGLDUY NDUD1 HXURSHXQ WXEDDERR H[SOL.DUY IDUDQIDQVL Ij.LODGM IHHPDD IDOGLOODQ VLSDD IDULQDQ PXQNRR IHEUHQ EDODNDQGRRIXODNDMHH IHLQDQ EDDURRPXUDDGRR IHOLoDGM NRQWDDQLPDDGLDDMXVXODD IHOL.LWDWQ NRQWDDQRRPDDGLDD IHUY GDD UHVXOWDW.RQ.UHW
    • _ZDDNH UHVXOWDWDEVWUD.WH
    • IHUURQ QHHIL1R ILOOQ GLQNHH ILOODQ GLQPXVRR ILQHVWUDQ SDODQWHHURR IORUQ ILURR IR.Q NLPDD IRUDDGYSUHS 
    • EDQWD IRUPDWJHQ .LLVRR IRUPLJDQ GXQWXPDOD1R IRUTXLOODQ IXUXVHWRR IRUWDGM EDPEDQGL1R IRV.DGM GLEL 
    • IUHGDGM VXPDD IURQWQ IRQGDD IURQWHUDQ QDDQHH IXOODQ MDPERR IXPQ VLLVLR JDOOLQDQ VLLVHHPXVRR JDOWDQ NDDUDD JDQDQ NRQNRR JDQLYHWQ PXURR JDWQ xDQNXPRR JHQROOQ NXPEDOL1R JHQWQ PRROX JHUPjQ >†@ JHUPDQDQ >†@ JLUDUY WXUXQHH LQWU
    • _HOHPDQGL WU
    • JRVQ ZXORR JRWQ ZHURR JUj.LHV DEDUDND JUDQDGM NDQD1R JUDVDGM QXQNX JULVDGM VHHEDORR JUR.DGM QHWHPXQNX JXL[Q .RNRR KDELWD.LyQ NRQRR KDYHUKLY >†@ KHUEDQ QDQNDEXUHHNDVRR KRPHQ NHH PDV.OHGHO¶HVSq.LHKXPDQD
    • _NHHPDD PDULW
    • >†@ KRUDQ ZDDWRR KRVSLWDOQ ORSLWDDQRR LOODQ MRRRR LQWHOÂOLJHQWDGM NX1REHWHDDWD MHUVHLQ  QHQHPXWDUD1R MRSURQ  P>†@ 
    • MR.Q SDGLxHGL MRYHQ GLQGLQPDD MXJDUY WXOX1 ODYDERQ NDPRR OODSLVQ NDODD OODUJDGM MDQID OOHJLUY NDUD1 OOHLJDGM  PDQHH OOHQoROQ  GDUDERRODDUDQND1IDDQRR OOHQJXDQ QH1R SDUWGHO.RV
    • _ND1R LGLRPD
    • OOHWQ OHH OOHWUDQ NXOXEDD OOLEUHQ EXNRR OOLPRQDQ  OHPXQRR OOLWQ  ODDUD1R OOR.Q GLQNLUDD OORJDUY OXZDDVL OOXPQ IDQRR DJHQWItVL.
    • _ODPSRR DSDUHOO
    • OOXQDQ NDURR OOXQDGY MDQID PjQ EXOXWLQVRR PDLDGY PXN PDODGM MDZRR PDODOWDGM NXXUD1 PDODOWLDQ NXUD1R PDQHUDQ NHHxDD PDUQ EDD PDUHQ EDDPDD>†@ PDULWQ NHHPDD PDUUyDGM SRWREDODNXUXXMLL PDWDUY IDD PDWtQ VDLORR 
    • PHGL.DPHQWQ ERRURRNDOLSDWRR PHQMDUY GRPR PHQMDUQ GRPRURR DOLPHQW
    • PHQWLGDQ IDQLDD PHU.DWQ PDULVHH PHVQ NDURR PHVTXLWDQ MDDPD1R PHVWUHQ NDUDPRRNDUDQGLULODD PHWJHQ GRNLWDURR PHXDGM QQD>†@ PHXSURQ QWDD>†@ PLQXWQ PLQLWRR PLUDUY MLLEHH PROWDGM MDPDD TXDQWLWDW
    • PROWDGY MDZDNHHEDDNH LQWHQVLX
    • PyQQ GXQLDD PRQHGDQ NRGL.RURRVRRNRGLPHVH1R PRULUY EHOHVDD PRUWDGM VDDUL1R PRUWQ VDDDD RSRVDWDYLGD
    • PRVTXLWQ VLLVLOL1RVXXVXXODD PXQWDQDQ NRQNRR P~VL.DQ PLVLNRRMXOX1 QDVQ QX1R QHGDUY QHZX1 QHJUHDGM IL1 QHQQ GLQGL1R QHWDGM MDQNXVHQHDD QpWQ PDPDUL1R QHWHMDUY MDQNXQGLVHQHDD QLQDQ WXEDDEXQGL1R QLWQ VXXWRR 
    • QRDGY KDDQL QRLQ NDPEDDQRR QRLDQ VXQNXWRRNDDORR QRPQ WRR QRPGHIRQWV
    • QRPEUHQ ERUL QRUGQ VDDOX1R QRVDOWUHVSURQ 1>†@ QRVWUHDGM xQD>†@ QRVWUHSURQ QWDD>†@ QRXDGMSURQ NRQRQWR>†@ QRXDGM NXWDDD QRYHOO
    • Q~YROQ PLQDDRR REOLGDUY xLQD REULUY HOHODQNHQHPDWD R.HOOQ NXQRR RHVWQ WLOLMLL RIHQVDQ WRRxHHURR ROLQ WXORR RPSOLUY IDQGL RQ"  PL1" RQ.OHQ >†@ RUHOODQ WXORRWXOXILWRR OzEXO
    • RVQ NXORR RXQ NLORR SDQ PEXXURR SDJDUY MRR SDtVQ EDQNRRMDPDDQRR SDQWDORQVQ NXUXWRR SDQ[DQ NRQRR SDSHUQ NDLWRR GR.XPHQW
    • _NDLWLMDPERR IXOO
    • SDUDXODQ KDUDIRR SDUHQ IDDPDD>†@ SDUODUY GLDDPXNXPD 
    • SDVVDSRUWQ SDDVLSRRURR SDVVHMDUY WDDPD SDXQ NDLURR SHGUDQ EHURR SHJDUY MXQNXIDGL SHL[Q PDDIRR SHOOQ EDODIDWHH SHQVDUY MLLEHH SHQWLQDUY VDQWL SHUTXq" PXQDDWLQQD" SHUGy KDNHWX SHUGUHY MLQGL SHUTXq.RQM NDDWX .DXVDO
    • SHUVRQDQ KDGDPDGL1R SHVDWDGM NXOLDD SHWLWDGM GRRDD SHXQ VL1R SLORWDQ EDOX1R SLQWDUY PXXSHQWXU SLVQ EXQWHURR SODQWDG¶XQHGLIL.L
    • SLVVDUUDQ ZDODD SLWQ VLVRR SODWQ DVHWRRSDODDWRR SOjWDQQ EDQDDQRR SODWMDQ EDDGDD SOHDGM IDD SORUDUY NXPERR SORXUHY EXVD SOXMDQ VDPDD SREOHQ VDDWHH SREUHDGM IXZDDULDD SR.DGM GDQWD1 SR.DGY GRPDQGL1 
    • SRGHUY QRR>†@ SROODVWUHQ VXXVHH SRUQ VLOD1R SRU.Q VHHZRR SRUWDQ GDDWDZDXGD1R SRUWDUY .DSLVDPED SRVDUY ODDNH SRWVHUDGY GRPELLWXPDQGRR SUHJXQWDUY xLQLQNDD SUHXQ GDD SULPDGM IHHPDD .RVHV
    • _ODEDUDUL1 SHUVRQHV
    • SUREOHPDQ ODQMXURR SURKLELUY WR1 SURSSUHS 
    • VLQQD SURSLHWDULQ NRULGDDWLRPDDULR SXMDUY VHOH.LND TXDQ.RQM ELUL1QL1 TXDQ"DGY PXQWXPD" TXDQW"DGMSURQ MHOX"MROX" TXDWUHDGMSURQ QDDQL>†@ TXq"SURQ PX1"PXQQH" TXLSURQ PH1 TXL"SURQ MH1" TXLQ"DGMSURQ MXPDD" UDWDQ xLQRR UH.RUGDUY  KDNLORREXODWD UHOLJLyQ GLLQRR UHQWDUY MDQNXQGL UHVSURQ WDIDVWXXVL UHVDUY GXZDDVDOL UHVSH.WHQ  KRURPRR UHVSRQGUHY GDQNX 
    • UL.DGM ILULQGL1R ULXQ EDD ULXUHY  MHOH URGyDGM PXOXPXOX VDDGM NHQGHDD VDEDWDQ VDPDWRR VDEHUY OR1 VDEyQ VDDIXQRR VDOQ NRR VDOWDUY SRGL VDOXWQ NHQGHDD VDQJQ HORR VHPSUHDGY ZDDWLZRZDDWL VHQWLUY PRLWD VHUY >†L@ VHWDGMSURQ ZRURZXOD>†@ VHWQ PLQGRR DVVHGHJDPHQW
    • VHWPDQDQ ORRNX1R VHXDGM DOD G¶HOO
    • _LOD G¶HOOV
    • >†@ VHXSURQ DWDD G¶HOO
    • _LWDD G¶HOOV
    • >†@ VHXUHY VLL VtDGY KDD VLXVSODX PXQD VLVDGMSURQ ZRRUR>†@ VREUHDGYSUHS MDQD_ 
    • ND1 VRODGM GDPPDDNLOL1 VROQ WLORR VRPQLDUY VLLERR VRPULXUHY PXXxX VRQQ VLLQRR VRSDUQ VLLPD1R VRUROOQ .RR.RR VRUUDQ NHxRR 
    • VRUWLUY IXQWL G¶XQOOR.
    • _ILQWL DSDUqL[HU
    • VRVWUHQ ELORR VRWDSUHS 
    • GXXPD 
    • NRWR VRXQ MRR VX..HLUY NH VX.UHQ VXNXURR VXGQ EXOXEDD VXPDUY DDWHH WDOODUY NXQWXMDVL1MDVL1 WDQ.DUY VRUR1WDZXQWD WDUGDGY  VLQL1 DOYHVSUH
    • WDUGDQ WLOLEXORR WDURQMDQ QHPXQRRVDUDDVRR WDXODQ WDDEXORR WHQ DWDDDD WHOqIRQQ WDOLIR1R WHPSVQ WXPD KRUHV
    • _DOLKDZDD PHWHRUROzJL.
    • WHQLUY VRWR>†@ WHUUDQ NHQRR VzO
    • _GXQLDD SODQHWD
    • WHXDGM LOD>†@ WHXSURQ LWDD>†@ WHXODGDQ NDQNDUD1R WLDQ >†@ WR.DUY PRRVLL .RQWD.WHItVL.
    • WRPjTXHWQ PHQWH1R WRUQDUY VDL DXQOOR.
    • _PXUXQGL WU
    • WRXDGM IRRDD WUDGXLUY IDVDUL WUDYHVVDUY WHHWDPEL WUHEDOODGRUQ EDDUDODDGRRODD WUHEDOODUY EDDUD WUHQQ WHUH1RVDNDDURR 
    • WUHQ.DUY IDUDVLNDWL_WHL1WHL1 HQSH.HV
    • WUHVDGMSURQ VDED>†@ WUHXUHY ILQWL WULVWDGM MLUD1 WUREDUY MH WUX.DUY NLOL WXSURQ L>†@ WXWRUQ NDUDPRRNDUDQGLULODD XDGMSURQ NLOL1>†@ XOOQ xDD XQJODQ SHUHZR YD.DQ QLQVL YD.DQ.HVQ IHHWRR_OLLIRR DQDQWDIRUD
    • YDL[HOOQ NXOX1R YHOODGM NRWRR YHQGUHY ILLULZDDIL YHQLUY QDD YHQWQ IRxRR YHUGDGM MDPEDNHUH YHUGXUDQ QDDNLWRIH1ROX YHUJRQDQ PDORR YHULWDWQ WRRxDD YHUPHOODGM ZXOHH YHVSUHQ ZXODDURR YHVWLUVHY SDUHH PXGDUVH
    • YHVWLWQ GHQGLNRRGXQIH1R UREDSHUYHVWLUVH
    • YHXUHY MLLEHHMH YLDWMDUY WDDPD YLXUHY EDOXX VHUYLX
    • _VDEDWL KDELWDU
    • YRODUY WLL YROHUY ODIL YRVDOWUHVSURQ DOL>†@ YRVWUHDGM DOLOD>†@ 
    • YRVWUHSURQ DOLWDD>†@ YXLWDGMSURQ VH>†@ [LIUDQ VLLIDURR 
    • 0$1',1*$&$7$/¬ D HOO>†@ DEDUDND JUj.LHV DGHUHHVRR DGUHoD DOD VHX G¶HOO
    •  DGM
    • >†@ DODKDGRR GLXPHQJH DOL YRVDOWUHV>†@ DOLKDZDD WHPSV DOLOD YRVWUH DGM
    • >†@ DOLPRRURR DUPDUL DOLWDD YRVWUH SURQ
    • >†@ DUDDPLVDOX1R GLMRXV DUDDPLVRR GLMRXV DUDEDOX1R GLPH.UHV DUDERR GLPH.UHV DUDMXPRR GLYHQGUHV DVHWRR SODW DWDD VHX G¶HOO
    •  SURQ
    • >†@ DWDDDD WH EDD PDUULX EDDGDD SODWMD EDDNH PROW LQWHQVLX
    • EDDPDD PDUH>†@ EDDUD WUHEDOODU EDDUDODD WUHEDOODGRU EDDURR IHLQD EDODIDWHH SHOO EDODNDQGRR IHEUH EDOX1R SLORWD EDOXX YLXUH VHUYLX
    • EDPEDQGL1R IRUW EDQDDQRR SOjWDQ 
    • EDQNRR SDtV EDQWD IRUD EDULQPDD RQ.OH>†@ EDWDD .DQVDW EDWX HVSHUDU EHHD1R DQLPDO EHOH PRULU EHURR SHGUD EHWHNH Ep EHWRR ER ELL DYXL ELORR VRVWUH ELQNL WLD>†@ ELUL1 TXDQ ELWLNRR ERWLJD ER1R QHQV ERRUDD EDUED ERRURR PHGL.DPHQW ERUL .yUUHU ERUL QRPEUH ERULQGRR .RQGXLU XQYHKL.OH
    • ERL .DXUH EXNRR OOLEUH EXOD GHL[DU DEDQGRQDU
    • EXOXEDD  VXG EXOXEDD GUHWD EXOXNDORR EUDo EXOXNRQGL1R GLWGHODPj EXOXWLQVRR Pj EXOXX EODX EX1R .DVD HGLIL.L
    • EXQWHURR SLV SODQWDG¶XQHGLIL.L
    • EXVD SORXUH 
    • EXXxDD .RQYLGDU EXXVL DJDIDU .DSL SRUWDU .LLVRR IRUPDWJH .LND SXMDU .RNRR JXL[ .RR.RR VRUROO .RR.RR HVJOpVLD GDD ER.D GDD SUHX GDD IHU UHVXOWDW.RQ.UHW
    • GDDIH1R DQLPDO GDDVDDPRR HVPRU]DU Q
    • GDDWDZDXGD1R SRUWD GDPPDD VRO DGM
    • GDQGD1 D.RPSDQDU GDQGD1R .RVWDW GDQNX UHVSRQGUH GDQWD1 SR. DGM
    • GDUDERR OOHQoRO GHHPDD DMXGDU GHQGLNRR UREDSHUYHVWLUVH EUXVD.DPLVDYHVWLWHW.
    • GHQNLORR .DQoy GHQNLORRODD .DQWDU GLEL  IRV. GLL GRQDU GLLPDD GROo GLLQRR UHOLJLy GLPRR GRORU GLQGLQPDD MRYH GLQGL1R QHQ GLQNHH ILOO>†@ GLQNLUDD OOR. 
    • GLQPXVRR ILOOD>†@ GLDDPX SDUODU GRNLWDURR PHWJH GRPDQGL1 SR. DGY
    • GRPELL SRWVHU GRPR PHQMDU Y
    • GRPRULOD1R .XOOHUD GRPRURR PHQMDUDOLPHQW GR1 EDOODU GRRODD WUHEDOODGRU GRRWR DEDQV GRRDD SHWLW GXQIH1R UREDSHUYHVWLUVH YHVWLWHW.
    • GXQLDD WHUUD SODQHWD
    • GXQWXPDOD1R IRUPLJD GXXPD EDL[ SUHS
    • GXXPD VRWD GXZDD UHVDU HVDQVRR EHQ]LQD IDD PDWDU IDD SOH IDDPDD SDUH>†@ IDGL SHJDU IDKDDPX HQWHQGUH IDOL1 .DQYLDU IDQGL RPSOLU IDQLDD PHQWLGD IDQRR OOXP DJHQWItVL.
    • IDUDQIDQVL H[SOL.DU IDUDVL WUHQ.DU IDVDUL WUDGXLU IHHPDD SULP .RVHV
    • IHHPDD Ij.LO 
    • IHHWRR YD.DQ.HV IH1R .RVD IHUHH  EDOO ILLUL YHQGUH IL1 QHJUH ILQMD1 EXIDU ILQWL WUHXUH ILQWL VRUWLU DSDUqL[HU
    • ILULQGL1R UL. ILURR IORU IR GLU IRORR .RPHQoDU IRQGDD IURQW IRxR  GHV.DQVDU IRxRR DLUHYHQW IRRDD WRX IXOD GRV>†@ IXODNDMHH IHEUH IXQWL VRUWLU G¶XQOOR.
    • IXUXVHWRR IRUTXLOOD IXWD DUULEDU IXWRR .XV.~V IXWXX .DVDUVH IXWXXUL1R .DVDW IXZDDULDD SREUH KDD Vt KDDQL QR KDGDPDGL1R SHUVRQD KDNHWX SHUGy KDNLORREXODWD UH.RUGDU KDUDIRR .DUWDSDUDXOD KRURPRR UHVSH.WH L HOOV>†@ 
    • L WX>†@ LEHxDQGLL" .RPHVWjV" LVDDPD ERQGLD LWLLQD1 ERQDWDUGD LZXODDUD ERQDQLW LOD VHX G¶HOOV
    •  DGM
    • >†@ LOD WHX DGM
    • >†@ LWDD VHX G¶HOOV
    •  SURQ
    • >†@ LWDD WHX SURQ
    • >†@ MDDPD1R  PHVTXLWD MDDUD .XUDU MDPDD PROW TXDQWLWDW
    • MDPDDQRR SDtV MDPEDNHUH YHUG MDPERR IXOOD MD1 DTXt MDQD VREUH MDQDDDUL1 DOW MDQID OODUJDOW SHUVRQD
    • _OOXQ MDQNX QHW MDQNXQGL QHWHMDUUHQWDU MDVL1MDVL1 WDOODU MDZDNHH PROW LQWHQVLX
    • MDZRR GROHQWPDO MD DJUDLU MH YHXUHWUREDU MHH DTXt MHOH ULXUH MHOX" TXDQWV" MH1" TXL" MLL EDL[DU MLLEHH PLUDUSHQVDUYHXUH MLQGL SHUGUH 
    • MLUD1 WULVW MLR DLJXD MROX" TXDQW" MRR SDJDU_VRX MRRRR LOOD MXOX1 P~VL.D MXPDD" TXLQ" MXQNX SHJDU MXVXODD .RQWHQWIHOLo MXXUDURR .HULPzQLD NDDORR QRLD NDDUDD JDOWD NDDWX SHUTXq .DXVDO
    • ND.DD GLV.XWLU GHEDWUH
    • NDIXxRR DPL..RPSDQ NDODD OODSLVEROtJUDI NDOLSDWRR PHGL.DPHQW NDPEDDQRR QRL NDPLR1R .DPLy NDPRR ODYDER ND1 VREUH SUHS
    • NDQD1R JUDQ NDQGL .DOHQW NDQGLQGL HV.DOIDU NDQNDUD1R WHXODGD ND1R  .ROO ND1R OOHQJXD LGLRPD
    • NDQX HVWLPDU NDxDQWDD G¶D.RUG NDUD .RVLU NDUDPEX1R HV.ROD NDUDPRR PHVWUHWXWRU 
    • NDUD1 DSUHQGUHHVWXGLDUOOHJLU NDUDQGL HQVHQDU WUDQVPHWUH.RQHL[HPHQWV
    • NDUDQGLULODD PHVWUHWXWRU NDUDQGL1R DOXPQH NDURR OOXQD_PHV NDVLDDWD IDOV NDVRR KHUED NDWL WUHQ.DU NDLURR SDX NDLWLMDPERR SDSHU IXOO
    • NDLWRR SDSHUGR.XPHQW NH SRVDUIHU UHVXOWDWDEVWUD.WH
    • VX..HLU NHH KRPH PDV.OHGHO¶HVSq.LHKXPDQD
    • NHHPDD PDULWKRPH>†@ NHHxDD PDQHUD NHQGHDD VD NHQGHDD VDOXW NHQGHDQGL .XUDU NHQRR .DPSWHUUD VzO
    • NHQVH1R EXLW NHxRR VRUUD NLEDDULNDLWRR GLDUL NLL HQYLDU NLMRR .RU NLOL .RQYLGDUWUX.DU NLOL1 X>†@ NLOL1 VRO DGM
    • NLORR  RX NLPDD IR. NLULSD .DXUH NR .RP NR GLU NRGL.RURRVRR PRQHGD 
    • NRGLPHVH1R PRQHGD NRGRR GLQHUV NROH1R GLIt.LO NRQNRR JDQD NRQNRR PXQWDQD NRQR GLQV NRQRQWR QRX QXPHUDO
    • >†@ NRQRR HVWyPD.SDQ[D NRQRR KDELWD.Ly NRQRWR GLQV NRQWDDQL IHOLo NRQWDDQRR IHOL.LWDW NRQWLUDDNRR .RQWUD.WH NRQWR1R .RJQRP NRQWR1R GLQDU Q
    • NRR VDOVDODW NRREDD .XLQD NRROD GHVSUpVGDUUHUH NRRPD HVTXHQD NRSDURR GLQHUV NRULGDDWLR SURSLHWDUL NRULWD .DQVDW NRWR VRWD NRWRR YHOO NRL .ODUEODQ. NXOLDD SHVDW NXORR RV NXORRURR .RORU NXOXEDD OOHWUD NXOXQWLLODD  DYLy NXOX1R YDL[HOO NXPD  SDUODU NXPEDOL1R JHQROO 
    • NXPERR SORUDU NXPIDD ERWLJD NXQHHGL1R .ODX SHUREULU
    • NX1REHWHDDWD LQWHOÂOLJHQW NXQRR R.HOO NXQWLxRR .DEHOOV NXQWX WDOODU NXQX1 DKLU NXUD1R PDODOWLD NXULHH DXWRE~V NXUXWRR SDQWDORQV NXUXXMLL PDUUy NXVX .RVD NXWDDD QRX QRYHOO
    • NXX Ep NXX HVERUUDU NXXUD1 PDODOW ODD SRVDU ODDUDQND1IDDQR OOHQoRO ODDUD1R OOLW ODED1 D.DEDU ODEDUDUL1 SULP SHUVRQHV
    • ODIL DJUDGDUYROHU ODPR HV.ROWDU ODPSRR OOXP DSDUHOO
    • ODQMXURR SUREOHPD ODQNHQHPDWD REULU ODVDEDWL GUHWV OHH OOHW OHHWDURR .DUWD OHPED .ULGDU IHU.ULWV
    • OHPX DL[z 
    • OHPXQRR OOLPRQD OLLIRR YD.DQ.HV DQDQWDIRUD
    • OR1 VDEHU.RQqL[HU ORRNX1R VHWPDQD ORRORR HVWUHOOD ORSLWDDQRR KRVSLWDO OX1R GLD KRUHV
    • OXXOX .LQ.>†@ OXZDDVL OORJDU P MR>†@ PDDERR HVWDOYLDU PDDGLDD .RQWHQWIHOLo_IHOL.LWDW PDDIRR SHL[.DUQ DPEVDOVD
    • PDDNRL DMXGDU PDDQRR DUUzV PDDxRRELWRR .DVDPHQW ERGD
    • PDDULR SURSLHWDUL PDORR YHUJRQD PDPDNHH DYL>†@ PDPDUL1R QpW>†@ PDQHH OOHLJ PDQVDGLER1R ELWOOHW PRQHGD
    • ID.WXUD PDUDD HVTXHUUD PDULVHH PHU.DW PEHGRR .DUUHU PEXXURR SD PH1 TXL PHQWH1R WRPjTXHW PL1" RQ" PL1 EHXUH PLQDDRR Q~YRO PLQGRR VHW DVVHGHJDPHQW
    • 
    • PL1IH1R EHJXGD PLQLWRR PLQXW PLVLNRR P~VL.D PRROX JHQW PRRVLL WR.DU .RQWD.WHItVL.
    • PRWRR .RW[H PRLWD VHQWLU PXN PDL PXOXPXOX URGy PXOX1 DVVHPEODUVH PX1" TXq" PXQD VLXVSODX PXQDDWLQQD" SHUTXq" PXQNRR IDULQD PXQQH" TXq" PXQWXPD" TXDQ" PXUDDGRR IHLQD PXURR JDQLYHW PXUXQGL WRUQDU WU
    • PXVRR GRQDHVSRVD>†@ PXWD D..HSWDU PXWDQGL HQ.HQGUH PXX SLQWDU PXXxX VRPULXUH PXXUL .REULU 1 QRVDOWUHV>†@ QDD YHQLU QDDNLWRIH1ROX YHUGXUD QDDQHH IURQWHUD QDDQL TXDWUH>†@ QDQNDEXUHH KHUED QHHIL1R IHUUR QHPXQRR WDURQMD 
    • QHQH DEDQV QHQHPXWDUD1R MHUVHL QH1R OOHQJXD SDUWGHO.RV
    • QHWHPXQNX JUR. QHZX1 QHGDU QLNL DSUHQGUH QL1 TXDQ QLQGL HQVHQDU QLQVL  YD.D QQD PHX DGM
    • >†@ QRR SRGHU Y
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