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Management   History   Arjun
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Management History Arjun






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Management   History   Arjun Management History Arjun Presentation Transcript

  • Management - History Presented By :Arjun
  • Idea of Management : How old is it?
    • Right from people of stone age, tribes, groups… Rules are being followed or rather it is being imposed. Is this management?
  • Pre – Industrial Management.
    • Ancient Egypt – Creation of Pyramids.
    • China – Emergence of civil service, uniform and formal policies were imposed on remote territories.
    • Roman Empire – Law and Orders of Roman empire.
    • Nicollo Machiavelli’s book – Italian principalities.
    • Art Of War – Sun Tsu, Art of War (Chinese Military).
  • Renaissance & Reformation
    • Mercantilism – Middle ages (Europe)
    • Buy low from one place, sell high at another place.
    • This was based only on buying and selling.
  • Industrial Revolution.
    • 1750 – 1870 Machine power replaces man and animal power.
    • Why Britain?
    • Britain’s social, political & legal conditions were apt for this change.
  • Management arises in the US.
  • 19 th Century
    • Frederick Taylor’s Book – Shop Management (1903)
    • This is the first scholarly work on management.
    • Modern Management :
    • Triggered of in the 19 th century.
    • Adam Smith & John Stuart Mill – Provided a theoretical background on resource allocation, production and pricing issues.
  • In the same time :
    • Eli Whitney, James Watt, and Matthew Boulton developed :
    • Standardization
    • Quality control procedures
    • Cost accounting
    • Interchangeability of parts
    • Work planning.
  • Middle of 19 th Century:
    • Worker training, motivation, organizational structure and span of control.
    • Developed by Robert Owen, Henry Poor, and M. Laughlin.
  • End of 19 th Century :
    • Alfred Marshall and Leon Walras introduced the complexity to the theoretical underpinnings of management.
  • 20 th Century:
    • Ordwat Tead, Walter Scott and J. Mooney applied the principles of psychology to management.
    • Elton Mayo, Mary Parker Follett, Chester Barnard, Max Weber, Rensis Likert, and Chris Argyris approached the phenomenon of management from a sociological perspective.
    • Towards the end of the 20th century, business management came to consist of six separate branches, namely:
    • Human resource management
    • Operations management or production management
    • Strategic management
    • Marketing management
    • Financial management
    • Information Technology management
  • 21 st Century :
    • 21 st century, we won’t be able to sub divide management and hence :
    • Management is becoming less about command-and-control, and more about facilitation and support of collaborative activity, utilizing principles such as those of human interaction management to deal with the complexities of human interaction.
    • Thank you