Arjit-swine flu
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Arjit-swine flu

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Arjit-swine flu Arjit-swine flu Presentation Transcript

  • Prevention of Swine Flu
    Information sources-
    Made by:
    Arjit Saraswat
  • General precautions:
    • Frequent hand washing
    • Covering coughs and sneezes
    • Avoidance of crowded settings when possible
    • Ill persons should stay home (except to seek medical care) and minimize contact with others in household
    • voluntary home quarantine of members of households with confirmed or probable swine influenza cases
  • Hand washing technique
  • When contact is unavoidable
    1} consider Facemasks (disposable, single use masks) for persons who enter crowded settings
    2} consider Respirators (N95 or higher filtering facepiece respirator) for persons who have unavoidable close contact with infectious person
    No clear scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of facemasks and respirators in protecting against influenza
  • indications for antiviral chemoprophylaxis
    1) household close contacts (of confirmed, probable, or suspected case) at high-risk for complications of influenza
    + chronic medical conditions
    + aged ≥ 65 years
    + aged ≤ 5 years
    + pregnant women
    2) school children or children in daycare at high-risk for complications of influenza (certain chronic medical conditions) who had close contact (face-to-face) with confirmed, probable, or suspected case
  • indications for antiviral chemoprophylaxis
    3) Any healthcare worker at high-risk for complications of influenza (persons with certain chronic medical conditions, elderly) working in area with confirmed swine influenza A (H1N1) cases, or who is caring for patients with any acute febrile respiratory illness
    4) Non-high risk travelers to Mexico, first responders, or border workers who are working in areas with confirmed cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection
  • Chemoprophylaxis treatment
    • Pre-exposure–
    treat during exposure period and for 10 days after last known exposure to ill confirmed case of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection
    • Post-exposure–
    treat for 10 days after last known exposure to ill confirmed case of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection
  • Dosing of Antivirals
    Zanamivir
    10 mg (2 inhalations) once daily for adults and children ≥ 5 years old
    Oseltamivir
    Adults and children ≥ 13 years old - 75 mg once daily
    children aged 1-12 years - dose based on weight
    ≤ 15 kg 30 mg once daily
    15-23 kg 45 mg once daily
    23-40 kg 60 mg once daily
    > 40 kg 75 mg once daily
  • Vaccination
    • No vaccine available to protect humans from swine flu
    • Vaccine for human seasonal influenza does not protect against H1N1 swine flu viruses due to antigenic differences, but may provide partial protection against swine H3N2 virus
  • What exactly to be done ?
    • Stay calm.
    • Don’t send your child to day-care if their school have been closed due to the swine flu (just as bad as sending them to school).
    • If sick don’t spread it , Just stay Home.
    • Cover your mouth & nose while coughing or sneezing.
    • Wash your hands frequently.
    • Avoid crowded places.
  • THANK YOU
    I hope you will follow the above precautions
    &
    Keep you & your society healthy and away from
    Swine Flu (H1N1)
    Arjit Saraswat
    Class – IX B
    Roll No. – 23
    School – 35 Model