External Cards and Slots


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An overview of the motherboard's expansion capabilities. It was our first computer presentation.

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External Cards and Slots

  1. 1. Loading Faraz . . .
  2. 2. External Slots and Cards A detailed analysis
  3. 3. Faraz Masood Roll # 61
  4. 4. Sunny Raza Roll # 52
  5. 5. Imad Mohsin Roll # 47
  6. 6. Arif Samoon Roll # 06
  7. 7. Ali Mushtaq Roll # 03
  8. 8. Expansion Slot <ul><li>The Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is a socket inside a computer console, designed to hold expansion cards. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Expansion Slots provide a means of adding </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced features </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More memory </li></ul></ul></ul>to the system
  9. 9. Motherboard A motherboard
  10. 10. Motherboard <ul><li>The Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is the main circuit board in a computer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Motherboard holds </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most important computer chips </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other electronic components that add features to a computer. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Components of Motherboard <ul><li>There are 6 basic components of the motherboard </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microprocessor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BIOS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cache </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ram </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Size of Expansion Slot <ul><li>Expansion slots come in </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Half size </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full size </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>| transfers 8 bits at a time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>| transfers 16 bits at a time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Sunny Raza Roll # 52
  14. 14. A modem
  15. 15. Modem <ul><li>Modem converts pulse data into signify data </li></ul><ul><li>It is a device that modulates an analogue carrier signal to digital information </li></ul>
  16. 16. Audio Ports <ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sound card </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio card </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio port is an expansion card that facilitates the input/output of audio. </li></ul>
  17. 17. PCMCIA Card Readers <ul><li>P ersonal C omputer M emory C ard I nternation A ssociation </li></ul><ul><li>PCMCIA Card Readers include </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PCI Universal Card Reader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USB External Card Reader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PC 104 Card Reader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel Ports Card Reader </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. PS/2 Ports <ul><li>The name comes from IBM PS/2 series of personal computer. </li></ul><ul><li>PS/2 port is a devices that is used for connecting </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Imad Mohsin Roll # 47
  20. 21. Expansion Slots <ul><li>Ethernet </li></ul><ul><li>SCSI </li></ul><ul><li>PCI </li></ul><ul><li>ISA/ATA/IDE </li></ul>
  21. 22. Ethernet <ul><li>It is the most commonly used networking device. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethernet can be built in as in </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MACs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laptops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Server computers </li></ul></ul></ul>on the UNM-LA Local Area Network
  22. 23. SCSI <ul><li>Pronounced ‘Scuzzy’ </li></ul><ul><li>S mall C omputer S ystem I nterface </li></ul><ul><li>SCSI is an older high speed interface device. </li></ul><ul><li>Upto 6 devices can be daisy chained. </li></ul><ul><li>No plug-and-play </li></ul><ul><li>Used as the fast port on </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Older Macintosh computers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some PC laptops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some machines, as an interface bus for connecting hard disk drives. </li></ul></ul></ul>Assorted SCSI connectors
  23. 24. A SCSI card
  24. 25. PCI <ul><li>P eripheral C omponent I nterconnect </li></ul><ul><li>Most expansion slots are typically PCI </li></ul><ul><li>PCI supports </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AGP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional Hard Drives or Optical Drives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IDE and EIDE </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ATA and Serial ATA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SCSI </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>PCI displaced its predecessors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ISA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NuBus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>| PC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>| MACs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 26. A typical PCI card
  26. 27. Ali Mushtaq Roll # 03
  27. 28. Expansion Slots <ul><li>Serial Port </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Port </li></ul><ul><li>USB </li></ul><ul><li>Firewire (IEEE 1394) </li></ul>
  28. 29. Serial Port <ul><li>Serial Ports are cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit data one bit at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used in older PCs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easier to shield from interference </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 30. Parallel Port <ul><li>Faster than Serial Ports </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit data 8 bit at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used to connect </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Printer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faster </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Fig. Just as more traffic can move along a multi-lane highway than in a one-lane road, more data can move in Parallel port than in Serial Port. </li></ul>
  31. 32. USB <ul><li>Universal Serial Bus </li></ul><ul><li>Several USB ports come outside the computer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Especially at handy spots </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>USB connections are hot-swappable. </li></ul><ul><li>Used for many kinds of devices </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Printer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio in/out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External Floppy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zip Drives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flash Drives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 33. USB 2.0 <ul><li>Updated version of USB. </li></ul><ul><li>It is high speed </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>480 MBits/sec </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>40 times faster than USB 1.0 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 34. Firewire <ul><li>High speed interface </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by Apple Computers. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sony version is called i.Link </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often called IEEE 1394 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apple charges for using the name Firewire. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Speeds </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>400 kbits/sec (older version) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>800 kbits/sec (latest version) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Hot-swappable </li></ul><ul><li>65 daisy chained peripherals. </li></ul>Firewire Cables Apple Company © 1976
  34. 35. Firewire <ul><li>Used for </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Audio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External Hard Drives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other High Bandwidth Peripherals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60 Watts supply </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 36. Arif Samoon Roll # 06
  36. 37. Motherboard A motherboard
  37. 38. Expansion Slot Expansion Card Endless Possibilities
  38. 39. Expansion Slots
  39. 40. PCI Slots AGP Slots ISA Slots
  40. 41. PCI card
  41. 42. SCSI card