P2 presentation

1,079 views

Published on

(midterm) Presentation of my project(plan) for a sustainable sanitation facility for a Haitian low income neighborhood.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,136
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

P2 presentation

  1. 1. Fè poupou Sustainable Sanitation Facility For a Haitian Low Income NeighborhoodEngineers without borders - University of Minnesota, 2010. EWB Haiti Biogas Project. [online] Available at: < https://wiki.umn.edu/EWB/Haiti_Biogas> [Accessed 14June 2011] Problem Statement P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  2. 2. - Problem statement- Goals and research questions- Research structure and methodology- Sanitation systems and technologies- Location- Design contentsP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  3. 3. Rapid growth of Port au Prince: a population of 2.143 million in 2010 and an annual growth rateof 3.9% (The World Factbook)Incapacity of the government to provide formal facilities like houses, jobs, services, result theemergence of large informal settlements, being 70% of urban population in 2007 (UN Data)In 2008, Haiti was the only country in which access to improved sanitation has significantly de-creased (to 19% according to UNICEF)Resulting in polluted environments and waterEarthquake two fold result- destroyed the little sanitation services that were available- financial capital through NGO’sNo existing sanitation creates opportunity to leapfrog to an innovative sustainable sanitation sys-tem. Problem Statement P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  4. 4. Goldfarb, Michael/MSF, 2010. Public latrines in the Cite Soleil slum of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. [online] Available at: < http://www.msf.org/msf/articles/2010/04/three-months-after-the-earthquake-that-has-impacted-on-the-lives-of-millions-in-haiti.cfm> [accessed 14 June 2011] Problem Statement P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  5. 5. The goal of the research is to propose a sanitation system which can be a strategic tool forsustainable spatial redevelopment of a Haitian low income neighborhood. This system will beimplemented in the design of a neighborhood and a sanitation facility. This system must be basedon a closed loop recycling economy so that no valuable wastes are being discharged.The research question and sub-questions from these goals are:Which sanitation system, which is based on a closed looprecycling economy, would be sustainable in the redevelopment ofa Haitian low income neighborhood?- What are the physical and environmental, social-cultural and economic, technical and legal,and the institutional and regulatory characteristics of the context.- What sanitation systems could be used in an urban low income neighborhoods? Research goals and questions P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  6. 6. Existing global practises Existing local context in sanitation. understanding and analysis of description of potential systems existing local context in the and techniques, with pros, cons following themes: and conditions. -Physical and environmental -Socio – cultural and economic -Technical and legal Synergizing global practises -Institutional and regulatory with local context into a choice of one sustainable system.Strategy for implementa- Design of neighborhoodtion of a sanitation facility and sanitation facilityin the (re)development of Sanitation identitya neighborhood Transparancy/awarenessUsing provision of sanitation services Disaster resilientas a strategic tool for neighborhoodredevelopment. Local embedded: climatical, material and technical Research structure P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  7. 7. Who What Method Sanitation (and water) In eld experts - post disaster Environmental. - sanitation locations of defecation, water supply, washing visit site infrastructure: sewage, drainage, piping, ? end of line/dump or reuse structure/buildings for sanitation and water visit sanitation projects ? - camp Socail - cultural sociol-cultural values - neighborhood ? acceptance of use, technologies, handeling, reuse in food and non-food agriculture perceptions/ideas on WASH, current and how should be/preference interview gender issues WASH ? safety religioun customs and habits cluster meetingLocal inhabitants Saint Marie importance of sanitation, vs. shelter, income, etc Villa Rosa Economical expenses spend on use of water and sanitation observations Camp pp. nancial capacity of households, expenses system costs and bene ts currently mappingChurch organisationSaint Marie ? Operational implementation strategy, pitfalls and considera- tions used technologies and systems workshop local practises NGO practises technical norm/standards o cial, practise knowledge and skill people public/private actors Research methodology P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  8. 8. Who What Method In eld experts Site - post disaster - sanitation population visit site demography ? climate geo- topography visit sanitation projects ? landuse - camp built-up area infrastructure, water, sewage, roads, electricity, - neighborhood ? drainage, centrality, central functions public facilities future plan neighborhood, likely and wished interview WASH ? cluster meetingLocal inhabitants Saint Marie Villa Rosa observations Camp mappingChurch organisationSaint Marie ? workshop Research methodology P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  9. 9. IFRC, Haiti: From sustaining lives to sustainable solutions: the challenge of sanitation, IFRC and RCS: Geneva, 2010 Research methodology P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  10. 10. Sanitation systems and technologies SanitationP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  11. 11. Toilet facilities - Collection and Storage/ - Conveyance - (semi-) Centralized Treatment - Use of Products/Disposal Local TreatmentAkvo, 2011. Akvopedia Sanitation Portal, Sanitation Technologies. [online] Available at: <http://www.akvo.org/wiki/index.php/Portal:Sanitation> [accessed 14 June2011] Sanitation technologies P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  12. 12. Seven system templates covering almost al possible systems. System 1: Wet mixed blackwater and greywater system with offsite treatment System 2: Wet mixed blackwater and greywater system with decentralised treatment System 3: Wet blackwater system System 4: Wet urine diversion system System 5: Dry excreta and greywater system System 6: Dry urine, faeces and greywater diversion system System 7: Simplified sewersSystems and technologies are adopted from:- Lüthi, C., Panesar, A., Schütze, T., Norström, A., McConville, J., Parkinson, J., Saywell, D., Ingle, R., Sustainable Sanitation in Cities – A Framework for Action. SustainableSanitation Alliance (SuSanA) & International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU), Papiroz Publishing House: The Netherlands, 2011- Tilley, Elizabeth et al, Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag): Dübendorf, Switzer-land, 2008- Akvo, 2011. Akvopedia Sanitation Portal, Sanitation Technologies. [online] Available at: <http://www.akvo.org/wiki/index.php/Portal:Sanitation> [accessed 14 June2011] Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  13. 13. System 1: Wet mixed blackwater and greywater system with offsite treatment Urine Grey Water Faeces Storm water Flush water Anal cleansing material Effluent Faecal sludge Flush toilet Conventional Anaerobic Irrigation Sewer Baffled Reactor Planted drying Land application bed Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  14. 14. System 2: Wet mixed blackwater and greywater system with decentralisedtreatment Urine Faeces Flush water Anal cleansing material Biogas Flush toilet Biogas reactor Constructed Irrigation wetland Motorized Planted drying Land application Emptying bed Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  15. 15. System 3: Wet blackwater system Urine Faeces Flush water Anal cleansing water Pour flush Twin pits for Human powered Surface toilet pour flush emptying disposal Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  16. 16. System 4: Wet urine diversion system Urine Grey Water Faeces Storm water Flush water Anal cleansing material Irrigation Conventional Anaerobic Planted drying Land application Sewer Baffled Reactor bed Storage tanks Jerrycan Application of urine Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  17. 17. System 5: Dry excreta and greywater system Urine Faeces Dry toilet Composting Human powered Applicaton chamber emptying of compost Grey water Constructed (ground)Water wetland recharge Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  18. 18. System 6: Dry urine, faeces and greywater diversion system Urine Dehydration Applicaton of de- Faeces vault hydrated faeces UDDT Storage tanks Jerrycan Application of urine Grey water Constructed Irrigation wetland Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  19. 19. System 7: Simplified sewers Urine Faeces Flush water Anal cleansing water Pour flush Septic tank Simplified Constructed Irrigation toilet sewer wetland Motorized Planted drying Land application Emptying bed Sanitation sytems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  20. 20. Sustainability criteria for sanitation:Health and hygiene include the risk of exposure to pathogensand hazardous substances and improvement of livelihoodachieved by the application of a certain sanitation system.Environment and natural resources involve the resourcesneeded in the project as well as the degree of recycling and re-use practiced and the effects of these.Technology and operation relate to the functionality and easeof constructing, operating and monitoring the entire system aswell as its robustness and adaptability to existing systems.Financial and economic issues include the capacity of house-holds and communities to cover the costs for sanitation as wellas the benefit, e.g. from fertilizer and the external impact onthe economy.Socio-cultural and institutional aspects refer to the socio-cul-tural acceptance and appropriateness of the system, percep-tions, gender issues and compliance with legal and institutionalframeworks.- SuSanA, Towards more sustainable sanitation solutions, Susana: no place, 2007 Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  21. 21. Terra Preta Sanitation system+ No/little use of water+ High quality compost+ Little space needed+ Local materials? Handling human faeces? Acceptance human waste in food production Storage + lacto-fermentation under anaerobic conditions water -rainwater waste -ground water -surface water human water UDDT charcoal faeces consumption helofyten lter organic waste urine vermi composting wood cooking food agriculture irrigation Sanitation systems P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  22. 22. Google Earth, [accessed 14 June 2011] Caribbean P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  23. 23. Google Earth, [accessed 14 June 2011] Haiti P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  24. 24. Google Earth, [accessed 14 June 2011] Port au Prince P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  25. 25. Google Earth, [accessed 14 June 2011] Villa Rosa / Saint Marie P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  26. 26. Google Earth, [accessed 14 June 2011] Villa Rosa / Saint Marie P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  27. 27. Google Earth, [accessed 14 June 2011] North view of Villa Rosa / Saint Marie P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  28. 28. H., Alain, 2010. Port au Prince. [online] Available at: < http://www.panoramio.com/photo/2037534?source=wapi&referrer=kh.google.com> [accessed 14 June 2011] Villa Rosa P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  29. 29. Saint Marie is an attraction point in the area. LocationP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  30. 30. Project can influence/extend to other neighborhoods LocationP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  31. 31. - Design qualities - Design sketch ideas DesignP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  32. 32. Sanitation identityThe facility is recognisable as a sanitation facility by its design.Sanitation facility accommodates a communal space forwashing and meeting.Experience in the informal settlement Old Fadama in Ghana revealed thatwashing clothes can be a communal activity where woman meet. Thisquality will be included in this design. Design qualities P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  33. 33. Transparancy / awarenessThrough the transparant design the system becomes understandable, creating aware-ness of the use and value of human waste. Ooze architects, between the waters, Emscher DE Design qualities P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  34. 34. Resistant or resilient to natural hazards, i.e. floods, hurricanes andearthquakes. Hurricane Flood Earthquake No large overhang Water resistant wall Flexible No large openings Raised floor strong solid Design qualities P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  35. 35. Local embedded: cultural, climactic, material and technical Gingerbread house Rural housesCuny, Frederick C., Improvement of rural housing in Haiti to withstand hurricanes, Oxfam: no place, 1982Hammer, Martin, et al, Preserving Haiti’s Gingerbread Houses, World Monuments Fund: New York, 2010 Design qualities P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  36. 36. ContradictionsTransparency vs Closed buildingsLocally embedded (veranda) vs hazard resistant/resilientWin-winFlood raised floor + storage space Design contradictions P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  37. 37. Water cycle catch Wind study storage Water and Sanitation system use UDDT agriculture catch clean lacto-fermentation vermi-composting Design ideas P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  38. 38. Design idea - small scale facilityP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  39. 39. Women Compost Men Design ideas large facilityP2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies
  40. 40. Mesi anpil!Thatu, [online] Available at: <http://www.thatu.org/Sibanye%20Food%20Growing%20Project%20popup.htm> [accessed 14 June 2011] Questions? P2 presentatie - 15-06-2011 - Arie van Amerongen - 1366823 - Explore Lab 12/Urban Emergencies

×