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Definition Cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare. Estimated new cases and deaths from breast cancer in the United States in 2009: New cases: 192,370 (female); 1,910 (male) Deaths: 40,170 (female); 440 (male)
Detection Breast cancer is detected by either self-examination or by a variety of different clinical examinations. Women age 40 and older should have a screening mammogram every year. Between the ages of 20 and 39, women should have a clinical breast examination by a health professional every 3 years. After age 40, women should have a breast exam by a health professional every year. Women age 20 or older should perform a breast self-examination (BSE) every month. By doing the exam regularly, you get to know how your breasts normally feel and you can more readily detect any signs or symptoms. Women with increased risk factors should start regular mammography before the age of 40 To ensure the highest quality with the most accuracy for mammography, they should be performed by specially trained radiologists, dedicated X-ray units, and specially trained technicians to perform the studies.
Possible Risk Factors & Symptoms Age Personal Health History Family Health History Genetic Mutations Reproductive History Radiation Exposure Weight Lack of Physical Activity Alcohol Intake
A lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area
Scaly, red, or swollen skin on the breast, nipple, or areola (the dark area of skin at the center of the breast). The skin may have ridges or pitting so that it looks like the skin of an orange.
Stages Cancer stage is based on the size of the tumor, whether the cancer is invasive or non-invasive, whether lymph nodes are involved, and whether the cancer has spread beyond the breast. Stages include I-IV with various intermediate stages between stages III & IV. Did You Know... Chances are you or someone you know has been affected by breast cancer. The simple facts are that one in eight women will be diagnosed with this disease in her lifetime and one women dies from this disease every 12 minutes in the US. If breast cancer is detected in its early stages, the five year survival rate is greater than 95%.
Treatment Options Surgery Lumpectomy, Mastectomy, Lymph node dissection Chemotherapy Used in both early & late stages of Breast Cancer detection Radiation Reduces risk of Breast Cancer reoccurrence by 70% Hormonal Therapy Lowers amount of estrogen in the body & blocks action of estrogen on breast cancer cells Holistic Medicine Acupuncture, Meditation, Support Groups etc. Clinical Trials Used less than 5% in Breast Cancer patients
Statistics At this time there are about 2.5 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. A woman’s chance of being diagnosed with breast cancer is: From age 30-39 . . . . . . 1 out of 229 From age 40-49 . . . . . . 1 out of 68 From age 50-59 . . . . . . 1 out of 37 From age 60-69 . . . . . . 1 out of 26 From age 70-85. . . . . . .1 out of 8 Over 70% of Breast Cancer Cases occur in women with no known identifiable risk factors. Source: American Cancer Society
My Story My mother was diagnosed with Stage I Breast Cancer five years ago this coming May. I am proud to say that she is now 5 years cancer free! However, when I was 15 I took on the roles of the household for my older brother and grandfather. Since her diagnosis, my family & I have worked and volunteered to help raise funds and awareness to young men & women across Rhode Island. As a former Miss Teen Rhode Island International, I was honored enough to speak about this cause to an audience from all over the world at the national pageant in Chicago, IL. Also, during my reign I went on a statewide speaking tour advocating for screening and mammograms for all women.
Events Flames of Hope Click here for video options from 2008 Event
WaterFire, PrOVidence, RI Family & Supporters at the Gloria Gemma Breast Cancer Foundation Waterfire
Flames of hope Every torch bearer represents a life saved or lost to breast cancer.
WaterFire: Flames of Hope My mom Jane & I holding torches in honor of all who have passed away from this disease and representing the hope of the future to find a cure.
Gloria Gemma Foundation “The Gloria Gemma Breast Cancer Resource Foundation was established in 2004 in loving memory of our mom Gloria Gemma and in honor of her courageous fight against breast cancer. Our mission is to raise breast cancer awareness, increase breast health education and generate funding for critical breast health programs that are in desperate need of being brought to fruition. Our promise is that 100% of the net proceeds will remain right here in our local community. We recognize breast self examination as a critical tool in the fight against breast cancer. We also recognize all of the breast health care providers as essential partners in the war against this disease.” For more information or to donate to the cause please visit the Gloria Gemma website. Click here for Information! Gloria Gemma Site
Thank you For further information on getting involved Please email me at: firstname.lastname@example.org