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Presentation/slideshow: Solving conflicts - Potential alternatives by Ari Rusila

Presentation/slideshow: Solving conflicts - Potential alternatives by Ari Rusila

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  • 1. Solving ConflictsPotential AlternativesAri Rusila
  • 2. Multi-Track Diplomacy 1/3The Institute for Multi-Track Diplomacy (IMTD) is a U.S.based nonprofit organization founded in 1992 working nowglobally + 20 conflicts. IMTD uses a holistic and participatoryapproach to assess the key variables in deep-rooted conflictsand post-conflict settings. The Institute is focused onidentifying and understanding the causes of conflict within anation. Their method – sc. Multi-Track Diplomacy - is aconceptual way to view the process of internationalpeacemaking as a living system. It looks at the web ofinterconnected activities, individuals, institutions, andcommunities that operate together for a common goal: a worldat peace.
  • 3. Multi-Track Diplomacy 2/3Multi-Track Diplomacy is an expansion of the “Track One,Track Two” paradigm that has defined the conflict resolutionfield during the last decade. Track One Diplomacy is officialgovernment diplomacy whereby communication andinteraction is between governments. Track Two Diplomacy isthe unofficial interaction and intervention of non-state actors.Check the same IMTD Tracks in Figure.
  • 4. Multi-Track Diplomacy 3/3IMTD’s utilizes its “systems-based approach” by recognizingthat the transformation of deep-rooted conflicts cannot be leftsolely to governmental entities, but must be expanded toinclude non-governmental actors, civil society and otherinformal channels. By expanding the approach to peacemakingand peace-building outside of Track One, IMTD works toensure a holistic, comprehensive approach to conflicttransformation with a greater likelihood of long-term,sustainable peace.More about Multi-Track Diplomacy in IMTD site.
  • 5. Justpeace: Holistic Integrated Model ofPeacebuilding 1/2Since 2003 Pacific Peacebuilding Initiatives Ltd (operating asPeacebuilders International ) has been working throughout theAsia/Pacific Region with the goal of establishing justpeace, asustainable peace that allow communities to develop. Even themain stakeholders are from different churches they haveapplied quite holistic approach for building sustainable peace.Peacebuilding is a active expression of a commitment to non-violence. This is not a passive commitment, but an activetransformation for governments, communities and people froma commitment to violence into a commitment to reconciliationand peace.
  • 6. Justpeace: Holistic Integrated Model ofPeacebuilding 2/2Peacebuilders goal is building justpeace: peace that issustainable and lasting. The main components are e.g:● holistic, integrated approach● training national leaders to make a difference in theircontext● addresses the past while creating new futures● encourages networking within and across nations● recognises identity and power as key ingredients inconflicts.
  • 7. TRANSCEND – maybe the best Approach1/3Johan Galtung (b.1930) is a Norwegian mathematician andsociologist and a principal founder of the discipline of peace andconflict studies. In 1993, he founded TRANSCEND, a networkfor Peace and Development, which is now running TranscendPeace University with a number of courses online, TranscendUniversity Press, Transcend Media Service and TranscendResearch Institute. Galtung himself has employed the“TRANSCEND” Method while serving as a negotiator in anumber of international conflicts. He views his role as that ofhelping the parties clarify their objectives, and working to comeup with solutions that meet the objectives of all parties. Hepresents them with concrete proposals that are intended to giveboth sides the sense that they are winners.
  • 8. TRANSCEND – maybe the best Approach3/3TRANSCEND includesfour pillars to bring about a morepeaceful world by using (i) action, (ii) education/training, (iii)dissemination and (iv) research to handle conflicts withempathy, nonviolence and creativity. During last years most ofthe work has been on conflict mediation and violenceconciliation, using Diagnosis-Prognosis-Therapy, on often verydifficult and complex conflicts.In my opinion “Transcend” approach hits the core question inpeace-building process as1stit is based to wide participation and even commitment oflocal stakeholders through dialogue,2ndit goes to the roots of conflicts and3rdit is future-oriented.
  • 9. TRANSCEND – maybe the best Approach3/3TRANSCEND includesfour pillars to bring about a morepeaceful world by using (i) action, (ii) education/training, (iii)dissemination and (iv) research to handle conflicts withempathy, nonviolence and creativity. During last years most ofthe work has been on conflict mediation and violenceconciliation, using Diagnosis-Prognosis-Therapy, on often verydifficult and complex conflicts.In my opinion “Transcend” approach hits the core question inpeace-building process as1stit is based to wide participation and even commitment oflocal stakeholders through dialogue,2ndit goes to the roots of conflicts and3rdit is future-oriented.

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