THESE MARVELOUS CRYPTS
MAKE LIFE EASIER
COLLECT SEWAGE FROM YOUR HOME
SEPARATE SOLIDS
CLARIFY EFFLUENT FOR DISPERSAL
OPERATE MORE EFFICIENTLY THAN
PUBLIC SEWERS, AND AT A FRACTION
OF THE COST
PROTECT THE AQUIFER
AS INSPECTORS WE ARE
CHARGED WITH PROTECTION
OF THE AQUIFER
• No person shall
discharge sewage
or wastewater that
contains...
A PERSON SHALL NOT USE A
CESSPOOL FOR SEWAGE DISPOSAL.
R18-9-A309A 4
SOME TOOLS YOU WILL FIND HELPFUL.
NEVER LEAVE HOME WITHOUT IT !
SCUM AND SLUDGE
DOCUMENTS CONSULTED 5
OWN-Online Wastewater Notice of Transfer
EVALUATION OF ACTUAL FLOW 6 F
SEPTIC TANK’S DAILY DESIGN FLOW IS DETERMINED AS FOLLOWS: R18-9-A314
4.
FOG FAT OIL GREASE 6G
THIS WOULD EXCEED TYPICAL RESIDENTIAL
SEWAGE
FOG FANNING
TYPE 4
PERMIT
• Facility design for
Type 4 On-site
Wastewater
Treatment Facility.
• This design is pre 1
January 2001 and
...
DESIGN TYPE 4 ON-SITE SYSTEM
1 January 2001, permitted and installed, new criteria for design, conventional
CHAMBER TECHNOLOGY 7
SEEPAGE PIT 7
SEEPAGE PIT
NOT CONNECTED TO-
This Seepage pit that failed.
Was the Tank Pumped ? 8A
Septic Tank Material 8B
R18-9-A314 Design, Manufacturing, Installation.
Plastic
Fiberglass
Block
Vent
• Inlet
• Outlet
Liquid Level- Normal 8C
Liquid Level-Below Normal 8C
Liquid Level-Above Normal 8G
Liquid Level-Outlet 8C
This tank has a fluctuating level. Caution-leaking tanks and vacant homes. This
home was occupied, ...
Obvious receding levels; this tank is
leaking.
Liquid Level at Outlet 8C
Proper level-at invert of the outlet
Don’t be Fooled!!
If you can’t see sewage entering tank, be cautious!
This tank had a proper level at the outlet.
Access Openings 8D
Access Openings 8D
Compartments 8E
Septic Tank Risers 8G
What is the concern here?
CAPACITY 8H
AIR-LIQUID INTERFACE TO BOTTOM OF TANK 8II
** SCUM AND SLUDGE 8I
SCUM AND SLUDGE 8 I II
SCUM
WHAT CAN BE IN A SCUM CAP?
DIAPERSs
LANDFILL TRASH
DISPOSABLE WIPES
SEPTIC SAFE AND FLUSHABLE ?
INSULIN BOTTLES
Rattle Snake Remains
SCUM AND SLUDGE 8 I
SECONDARY CHAMBER-REAR-CLEAR CLOUDY III
BAFFLES OR SANITARY T’S 8K
WHAT’S WRONG ?
PRECAST
1970S DETERIORATED
WHOOPS!
PLASTIC, USUALLY NOT THE INSTALLER THAT
CONNECTS FROM DWELLING TO TANK.
CLAY
CAST IRON
ORANGEBURG
1940S MANUFACTURED DURING WWII.
COMPRESSED TAR- CARDBOARD-
ASBESTOS.
PLASTIC OR STEEL
INLET BAFFLE WITH 2 INCH DROP AT
INVERT OF THE INLET. PROPER, BUT VERY RARE! R18-9-A314 1 F.
8 K I
WHAT’S WRONG?
INLET BAFFLE 8 K I
NOT FUNCTIONAL, ESSENTIAL TO LAYERING
NOT FUNCTIONAL; SUBMERGED INLET
INLET SEVERED
REVERSE CLEANOUTS
TANK SIDE
PLUGGED WITH FOG
OUTLET BAFFLE
NOT FUNCTIONAL, WHEN YOU SEE THIS
EFFLUENT HAS TO RISE 4” ABOVE
PROPER LEVEL TO LEAVE TANK
YOU WILL FIND THIS:
DIPPED
CRIMPED
SEVERED AT TANK
IT CAN FUNCTION FOR YEARS,
WITHOUT BEING NOTICED UNTIL SOIL AROUND TANK IS
SATURATED.OR ROOTS OBSTRUCT THE OUTLET.
FORMULA FOR DISASTER!!
UNSUPPORTED DELIVERY, VOID UNDER IT!
WHAT’S WRONG?
EVIDENCE OF ROOTS, CRACKS, REBAR
8N
EXPOSED REBAR CAUSES CRACKS,
ROOT INVASION, OTHER 8 N
EXPOSED REBAR
EVIDENCE OF: DAMAGED LIDS, RISERS.
8 N
CRACK ON FLOOR OF TANK. 8 N
DRAIN FLY 8N
LARVAE PUPA
EFFLUENT SCREEN/FILTER 8P
CLOSED AT TOP
PARTICLE PACK
SURGING
EFFLUENT SCREEN/FILTER 6 IN.
FACING INLET
THIS SIDE FACING FIELD
HYDROGEN SULFIDE FROM DISPOSAL
WORKS
CAKED WITH ETTRINGINTE
NOT ALL FILTERS
ARE ALIKE IN THE WAY THEY GATHER PARTICLES.
M DISPOSAL WORKS,ETTRINGITE.
IS A WHITE FLAKY SUBSTANCE, BY PRODUCT OF
HYDROGEN SULFIDE.
BILLOWING
HYDROGEN SULFIDE DETERIORATON
1979 PRECAST SEPTIC TANK
1959 PRECAST SEPTIC TANK
CAST ON CONCRETE BAFFLE, FLUSH TO LID.
A CLOSER LOOK.
DISTRIBUTION BOX 9D WHAT TO DO?
OPEN FOR INSPECTION, VIDEO, CHECK NOT DETERMINED?
OPERATIONAL
FLOW TEST
• CHECKING D-BOX AND FIELD
Run water into the leachfield to make
sure there is not a break in the
de...
BILLOWING, HS DAMAGE
DISTRIBUTION BOX
MAY HAVE ROOT INVASION.
EXFILTRATION AT OUTLET DELIVERY 9B
EFFLUENT NOT REACHING DISPOSAL WORKS.
DISPOSAL WORKS B
EVIDENCE OF MALFUNCTION?
INFILTRATION
FIELD INSPECTION PORTS 9 E
HOW TO MEASURE ?
INDICATE DEPTH (IN INCHES) FROM TOP OF EACH PORT TO:
BOTTOM OF PORT WASTEWATER...
SHALLOW FIELDS, IRRIGATION WATER GOES
DIRECTLY INTO THE FIELD.
Seepage Pits
PINE TREE ROOTS
Life Expectancy is up!
Are dangerous.
Some are honeycombed.
Some are filled with rocks, bould...
When to Perform
Dye Test
SEWER INTERCEPTOR
Vet Fixtures (two septic systems),
No permit, or mis-information,
Water over fi...
STRAIGHT SYSTEM.
BEWARE OF PROBLEM AREAS.
SAFETY FIRST
VISIT US @
WWW.AMERICANSEPTICSERVICE.COM
SIGN UP FOR NEWSLETTER
CHECK OUT ADEQ URL’S
DOWN LOAD NOTICE OF TRANSFER
ANIMATED SEPTIC TANK
ARTICLES AND PHOTOS
HOMEOWNER RESOURCE MANUALS
THESE MARVELOUS CRYPTS!
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
These Marvelous Crypts
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These Marvelous Crypts

  1. 1. THESE MARVELOUS CRYPTS
  2. 2. MAKE LIFE EASIER
  3. 3. COLLECT SEWAGE FROM YOUR HOME
  4. 4. SEPARATE SOLIDS
  5. 5. CLARIFY EFFLUENT FOR DISPERSAL
  6. 6. OPERATE MORE EFFICIENTLY THAN PUBLIC SEWERS, AND AT A FRACTION OF THE COST
  7. 7. PROTECT THE AQUIFER
  8. 8. AS INSPECTORS WE ARE CHARGED WITH PROTECTION OF THE AQUIFER • No person shall discharge sewage or wastewater that contains sewage from an on-site wastewater treatment facility except under an Aquifer Protection Permit issued by the Director.
  9. 9. A PERSON SHALL NOT USE A CESSPOOL FOR SEWAGE DISPOSAL. R18-9-A309A 4
  10. 10. SOME TOOLS YOU WILL FIND HELPFUL.
  11. 11. NEVER LEAVE HOME WITHOUT IT !
  12. 12. SCUM AND SLUDGE
  13. 13. DOCUMENTS CONSULTED 5 OWN-Online Wastewater Notice of Transfer
  14. 14. EVALUATION OF ACTUAL FLOW 6 F SEPTIC TANK’S DAILY DESIGN FLOW IS DETERMINED AS FOLLOWS: R18-9-A314 4.
  15. 15. FOG FAT OIL GREASE 6G THIS WOULD EXCEED TYPICAL RESIDENTIAL SEWAGE
  16. 16. FOG FANNING
  17. 17. TYPE 4 PERMIT • Facility design for Type 4 On-site Wastewater Treatment Facility. • This design is pre 1 January 2001 and it is a conventional gravity feed on-site wastewater treatment system.
  18. 18. DESIGN TYPE 4 ON-SITE SYSTEM 1 January 2001, permitted and installed, new criteria for design, conventional
  19. 19. CHAMBER TECHNOLOGY 7
  20. 20. SEEPAGE PIT 7
  21. 21. SEEPAGE PIT NOT CONNECTED TO-
  22. 22. This Seepage pit that failed.
  23. 23. Was the Tank Pumped ? 8A
  24. 24. Septic Tank Material 8B R18-9-A314 Design, Manufacturing, Installation.
  25. 25. Plastic
  26. 26. Fiberglass
  27. 27. Block Vent • Inlet • Outlet
  28. 28. Liquid Level- Normal 8C
  29. 29. Liquid Level-Below Normal 8C
  30. 30. Liquid Level-Above Normal 8G
  31. 31. Liquid Level-Outlet 8C This tank has a fluctuating level. Caution-leaking tanks and vacant homes. This home was occupied, but could have been easily missed.
  32. 32. Obvious receding levels; this tank is leaking.
  33. 33. Liquid Level at Outlet 8C Proper level-at invert of the outlet
  34. 34. Don’t be Fooled!! If you can’t see sewage entering tank, be cautious! This tank had a proper level at the outlet.
  35. 35. Access Openings 8D
  36. 36. Access Openings 8D
  37. 37. Compartments 8E
  38. 38. Septic Tank Risers 8G What is the concern here?
  39. 39. CAPACITY 8H AIR-LIQUID INTERFACE TO BOTTOM OF TANK 8II
  40. 40. ** SCUM AND SLUDGE 8I
  41. 41. SCUM AND SLUDGE 8 I II
  42. 42. SCUM
  43. 43. WHAT CAN BE IN A SCUM CAP?
  44. 44. DIAPERSs
  45. 45. LANDFILL TRASH
  46. 46. DISPOSABLE WIPES SEPTIC SAFE AND FLUSHABLE ?
  47. 47. INSULIN BOTTLES
  48. 48. Rattle Snake Remains
  49. 49. SCUM AND SLUDGE 8 I SECONDARY CHAMBER-REAR-CLEAR CLOUDY III
  50. 50. BAFFLES OR SANITARY T’S 8K WHAT’S WRONG ?
  51. 51. PRECAST 1970S DETERIORATED
  52. 52. WHOOPS! PLASTIC, USUALLY NOT THE INSTALLER THAT CONNECTS FROM DWELLING TO TANK.
  53. 53. CLAY
  54. 54. CAST IRON
  55. 55. ORANGEBURG 1940S MANUFACTURED DURING WWII.
  56. 56. COMPRESSED TAR- CARDBOARD- ASBESTOS.
  57. 57. PLASTIC OR STEEL
  58. 58. INLET BAFFLE WITH 2 INCH DROP AT INVERT OF THE INLET. PROPER, BUT VERY RARE! R18-9-A314 1 F. 8 K I WHAT’S WRONG?
  59. 59. INLET BAFFLE 8 K I NOT FUNCTIONAL, ESSENTIAL TO LAYERING
  60. 60. NOT FUNCTIONAL; SUBMERGED INLET
  61. 61. INLET SEVERED
  62. 62. REVERSE CLEANOUTS TANK SIDE
  63. 63. PLUGGED WITH FOG
  64. 64. OUTLET BAFFLE NOT FUNCTIONAL, WHEN YOU SEE THIS
  65. 65. EFFLUENT HAS TO RISE 4” ABOVE PROPER LEVEL TO LEAVE TANK
  66. 66. YOU WILL FIND THIS: DIPPED
  67. 67. CRIMPED
  68. 68. SEVERED AT TANK
  69. 69. IT CAN FUNCTION FOR YEARS, WITHOUT BEING NOTICED UNTIL SOIL AROUND TANK IS SATURATED.OR ROOTS OBSTRUCT THE OUTLET.
  70. 70. FORMULA FOR DISASTER!! UNSUPPORTED DELIVERY, VOID UNDER IT!
  71. 71. WHAT’S WRONG?
  72. 72. EVIDENCE OF ROOTS, CRACKS, REBAR 8N
  73. 73. EXPOSED REBAR CAUSES CRACKS, ROOT INVASION, OTHER 8 N
  74. 74. EXPOSED REBAR
  75. 75. EVIDENCE OF: DAMAGED LIDS, RISERS. 8 N
  76. 76. CRACK ON FLOOR OF TANK. 8 N
  77. 77. DRAIN FLY 8N LARVAE PUPA
  78. 78. EFFLUENT SCREEN/FILTER 8P CLOSED AT TOP
  79. 79. PARTICLE PACK
  80. 80. SURGING
  81. 81. EFFLUENT SCREEN/FILTER 6 IN. FACING INLET
  82. 82. THIS SIDE FACING FIELD
  83. 83. HYDROGEN SULFIDE FROM DISPOSAL WORKS CAKED WITH ETTRINGINTE
  84. 84. NOT ALL FILTERS ARE ALIKE IN THE WAY THEY GATHER PARTICLES.
  85. 85. M DISPOSAL WORKS,ETTRINGITE. IS A WHITE FLAKY SUBSTANCE, BY PRODUCT OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE.
  86. 86. BILLOWING
  87. 87. HYDROGEN SULFIDE DETERIORATON
  88. 88. 1979 PRECAST SEPTIC TANK
  89. 89. 1959 PRECAST SEPTIC TANK CAST ON CONCRETE BAFFLE, FLUSH TO LID.
  90. 90. A CLOSER LOOK.
  91. 91. DISTRIBUTION BOX 9D WHAT TO DO? OPEN FOR INSPECTION, VIDEO, CHECK NOT DETERMINED?
  92. 92. OPERATIONAL FLOW TEST • CHECKING D-BOX AND FIELD Run water into the leachfield to make sure there is not a break in the delivery line, and at the same time view the inside of the pipe with the video camera. Flowing water can be going into a hole. Unless you can actually see where it is moving, flow test can be compromised. You can see how many perforated holes take the effluent. Generally, effluent only drops through the first few feet of perforated pipe. When effluent flows to the end of the field, and does not pond in the pipe, there is not necessarily an issue with the field. It may be that the holes are partially plugged with buildup and effluent moves down the line. Hydraulic Loading Test presentation to follow by Kitt Farrell-Poe.
  93. 93. BILLOWING, HS DAMAGE
  94. 94. DISTRIBUTION BOX MAY HAVE ROOT INVASION.
  95. 95. EXFILTRATION AT OUTLET DELIVERY 9B EFFLUENT NOT REACHING DISPOSAL WORKS.
  96. 96. DISPOSAL WORKS B EVIDENCE OF MALFUNCTION? INFILTRATION
  97. 97. FIELD INSPECTION PORTS 9 E HOW TO MEASURE ? INDICATE DEPTH (IN INCHES) FROM TOP OF EACH PORT TO: BOTTOM OF PORT WASTEWATER (LIQUID) SURFACE -
  98. 98. SHALLOW FIELDS, IRRIGATION WATER GOES DIRECTLY INTO THE FIELD.
  99. 99. Seepage Pits PINE TREE ROOTS Life Expectancy is up! Are dangerous. Some are honeycombed. Some are filled with rocks, boulders. Can be 3-5ft. In diameter. Can be 10-15 ft. deep. Specific criteria for 2001.
  100. 100. When to Perform Dye Test SEWER INTERCEPTOR Vet Fixtures (two septic systems), No permit, or mis-information, Water over field, Determine city sewer or septic system, Determine fixtures on gray water.
  101. 101. STRAIGHT SYSTEM. BEWARE OF PROBLEM AREAS.
  102. 102. SAFETY FIRST
  103. 103. VISIT US @
  104. 104. WWW.AMERICANSEPTICSERVICE.COM
  105. 105. SIGN UP FOR NEWSLETTER
  106. 106. CHECK OUT ADEQ URL’S
  107. 107. DOWN LOAD NOTICE OF TRANSFER
  108. 108. ANIMATED SEPTIC TANK
  109. 109. ARTICLES AND PHOTOS
  110. 110. HOMEOWNER RESOURCE MANUALS
  111. 111. THESE MARVELOUS CRYPTS!

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