vernacular architecture: india, dabhoi

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this is about India's prestigious culture... and traditional practices followed since ages...

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vernacular architecture: india, dabhoi

  1. 1. Dabhoi, Vadodara- location planGujarat Archana tayal Amity school of architecture and planning
  2. 2. the city of Dabhoi 1• Its planned according to the principle of Vaastu Shastra. With its four gates set on the cardinal N, S, E and W sides.• the city plan has it 2 observable "center” and 4 “cross road”. N 3 • Here people are settled in different areas according to their castes.
  3. 3. the city of Dabhoi• Planning system-organic-naturally happened balconies• Community relationship-social network-sense of belonging • Climate -hot and dry -Extreme weather Solution: - Narrow streets with high buildings on either side to block out the sun. - Windows only on the front facade -verandah on upper floor -materials: lime mortar, wood, brick, cement.
  4. 4. Eclectic architecture• Certain typical elements and principles of different time periods can be seen together in a single structure. Hindu deities• entrance gate:-one with a Mughal arch colonnades-other with huge brackets to transfer theload .• brackets are done with vertical and horizontal elements possessing Indian details of carving with some religious story. • facades : front and back have different structural systems and construction technology. front back
  5. 5. the inside and outside of housing • people put symbols and images of gods on the lintels of entrance and back door to define the border between the inside and outside to represent a protected inner space.• Here a taboo is followed that when you go inside the interior, you can’t step on the threshold but just walk across it. threshold
  6. 6. THE PLAY OF LEVELS - HOUSETopology• ground floor:Living room kitchenbathroomolta.• first floor:Bedroom, studybalcony
  7. 7. THE PLAY OF LEVELS - HOUSE• HOUSES ARE AT A LOWER LEVEL HAVING THE TYPICAL OLTA.• THERE ARE THREE MAIN ROOMS: OLTA LIVING ROOM KITCHEN• THESE HOUSES ARE CLUSTERED AROUND COURTYARDS AND NARROW SPACES FACILITATING GATHERINGS
  8. 8. THE DOORSTEP SACRED SPACE WITHIN THE HOUSE• The doorstep or threshold belongs to neither inside nor • It is generally observed the outside space of house. as a niche in the walls• It has religious significance. where various gods and• It is considered to ward off all evils and protect the house. goddesses are being worshipped together.
  9. 9. STAIRCASES PANIYARO• High risers using minimum • It is a special space to space on ground and store drinking water hence making the staircase generally observed in the steep. inner (private) area of the house
  10. 10. THE BALCONY• an interesting feature on the facades of the house.• They attempt to create some sort of participation on street activities.• act as weather shades protecting openings on ground floor.
  11. 11. The play of level- shops• The shops are at a slightly lower or higher level compared to the street above 50cms higher or 1.5m lower.• The rear wall is retaining wall which has openings on it for sunlight from the back.• the owners of these shops lived in the houses above.
  12. 12. The Play of levels- market • The lake is integral part of the city layout. • The market is at much lower level accessed by steep steps from the street level. • It runs along the banks of the lake manifesting an interactive connection with it.
  13. 13. The play of levels- streets• The intersection of roads is based on the Pompeian cities i.e. cardo and decumano.• Shops have developed on either side of this stretch to form commercial area. • important landmarks - Chowk which are places where shops people congregate around a tree on olta. -a temple. -a bird feeder called chabutra
  14. 14. Community- chowk • community areas are called chowk and have a double function: -for the circulation of vehicles and person -a place of a quick meeting and talks.
  15. 15. Community- black board • blackboard near this community space provides people with a white sheet where the community writes whatever they want, to inform other people about new events.
  16. 16. Community- temples• People identify themselves in the friendly of their neighbors, which feel like their own family with the cult of a god.• These temples are the representation of a specific god.

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