Levantine Enclosures
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Levantine Enclosures

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Levantine Enclosures Presentation Transcript

  • 1. PRESERVATION ENCLOSURES Boxes and wrappers.
  • 2. Items to be considered for boxing:
    • Special Collection’s material.
    • Bindings with embellishment;
        • Clasps, catches, elevated decorative elements, ties etc.
    • Fragile and important bindings.
    • Damaged volumes.
    • Volumes with parchment text-blocks.
    • Volumes with Vellum/parchment coverings.
    • Textile bindings;
        • Velvet, Silk and embroidered bindings.
    • Limp bindings.
    • Pamphlets.
    • Collections not shelved by size.
    • New bindings/fine bindings;
        • Required to stay in the same condition as when acquired.
    • Conserved artefacts.
  • 3. Items unsuited to boxing:
    • Volumes for which reduced air flow might cause further damage
        • items with very acidic papers.
        • Items in conditions with potential for mould growth.
    • Volumes in historic libraries and interiors
        • Where the visual appearance of the books is important.
  • 4.
    • Oversized or undersized items
        • Where the combined weight of a box plus the object makes them unsafe to handle.
        • Some very small items are not suitable for some types of enclosures. Alternative solutions need to be investigated
    • .
  • 5. Enclosures provide physical protection against:
    • Incidental handling damage.
    • Catastrophic damage caused by a fall or blow.
    • Protection during transportation – it should not be the sole protection.
    • Abrasion by neighbouring volumes - especially those with embellishment.
    • Abrasion during removal and placement on the bookshelf.
  • 6.
    • Fire and flood
      • By delaying the effects of the disaster and restricting the physical distortions they cause.
    • Light damage
      • Fading and weakening of the covering material
  • 7.
    • Pests.
    • Dust and dirt.
    • Fluctuations in temperature and humidity. A box helps to control the dimensional changes they cause in bindings, particularly codices with parchment text-blocks.
    • intrusive or harmful library labelling.
    • Intrusive, unnecessary Conservation.
  • 8. Enclosures provide protection by:
    • Giving extra physical support to weak binding structures when items are stored upright on shelves.
    • Retaining loose or detached fragments with their original bindings.
    • The presence of a box can cause the reader to treat the artefact with greater care.
  • 9. Enclosures passively delay chemical deterioration by:
    • Buffering the contents from pollutants in the air.
    • Separating incompatible materials.
        • Separating leather covers from paper covered volumes avoids the transfer of acids from leather to paper that cause discolouration.
    • New materials can trap atmospheric pollutants, locking them away from vulnerable items e.g leather, photographs etc.
  • 10. Considerations when boxing:
    • Sufficient shelf/storage space?
    • Can items be shelved by size after boxing for mutual support?
    • Do staff have appropriate skills. Training?
    • Aesthetic criteria for historic interiors.
    • One type of box will not fit all artefacts. Flexibility is required.
    • Funds.
  • 11. An effective enclosure should:
    • Be designed to immediately arrest or reduce the potential for damage or loss.
    • Be made from suitable, acid-free archival materials.
    • Be of robust construction to protect contents.
    • Be the correct size.
    • Place a binding under light pressure.
    • not fall open if dropped.
  • 12.
    • Indicate the orientation of box on the shelf – usually by the position of any labelling.
    • Be of a design that encourages the use of both hands when handling the artefact.
    • Restrict the ability of the reader to open the codex/book within the box.
    • Be obvious and simple in its design and use.
    • Should preferably be a single unit.
  • 13. The enclosure design and materials should not inflict any new damage on the contents!
  • 14. Enclosure types
  • 15. Drop-spine Book Box
    • For codices/books with paper text-blocks.
    • Tailor-made for an exact fit.
    • Cloth covered dense board for a durable and rigid box providing a high level of protection.
  • 16.
    • Flexible Design
  • 17. Disadvantages
    • Costly – time and materials.
    • Requires additional shelf space.
    • Requires staff with appropriate skills.
    • Not suitable for codices with parchment text-blocks or coverings.
  • 18. Drop-spine Pressure Box
    • Designed for codices with parchment text-blocks and coverings
    • Applies overall light pressure to codex to restrict expansion and contraction of parchment with changes in humidity
  • 19. Phase-box
    • Quick and simple to produce.
    • Tailor-made for an exact fit.
    • Provides rigidity and support.
    • Secure fastening suitable for limp bindings, parchment text-blocks and coverings.
  • 20.
    • Adaptable design
  • 21. Four flap wrapper
    • Suitable for items too thin to phase box.
    • Tailor-made for an exact fit.
    • Does not provide the rigidity of a phase-box.
  • 22.
    • Adaptable design
  • 23. Die Cut/Archive Storage Box
    • Cut and folded from a single sheet.
    • Made to measure or standard sizes.
    • Can be purchased commercially.
    • For bindings, fragments, single sheet items.
  • 24. Other enclosure types
    • Fascicule - For single sheet collections.
    • Book shoes/Book wrappers - For historic interiors
    • Envelopes
  • 25. Workshops
    • Part 1
        • Materials.
        • Measuring artefact.
        • Making a one-piece 4 flap wrapper.
    • Part 2
        • Making a two-piece Phase Box.
    • Part 3
        • Making an Archive Box.
        • Summing up
  • 26.
    • .
    • Thank you for listening.