MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE (FATEHPUR SIKRI)

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MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE (FATEHPUR SIKRI)

  1. 1. AKBAR(AD 1561-AD 1605)
  2. 2.  A CITY IN AGRA DISTRICT IN THE STATE OF UTTAR PRADESH.  FOUNDED IN 1569 BY MUGHAL EMPEROR BY AKBAR, AND SERVED AS THE CAPITAL OF MUGHAL EMPIRE FROM 1571 TO 1585.  TRABEATED COSTRUCTION  3 KM in LENGTH & 1 KM WIDE, & PALACE CITY IS SURROUNDED BY 6KM WALL ON 3 SIDE WITH 4TH BEING A LAKE AT A TIME.
  3. 3.  ARCHITECT : TUHIR DASS & WAS CONSTRUCTED USING INDIAN PRINCIPLES.  INFLUENCES FROM HINDU & JAIN ARCHITETURE GOING HAND IN HAND WITH ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE.  RED SAND STONE USED IN WHOLE CITY.
  4. 4.  NAUBAT KHANA  KINGS GATE  SALIM CHISHTI TOMB  BULAND DARWAZA  JAMI MASJID  JODHA BAI PALACE  MARIAM PALACE  PANCH MAHAL  DIWAN-I-AAM  DIWAN-I-KHAS  TANSEN BARADARI
  5. 5.  AN ENTRANCE GATE TO THE CITY A.K.A DRUM HOUSE (DURING THE TIME OF CEREMONIES).  PROBABLY A PLACE THAT ANNOUNCED THE ARRIVAL OF THE EMPEROR  MASSIVE GATEWAYS WITH 3 ENTRANCE (1 MAIN AND 2 PROMINENT) SIGN OF MUGHAL ERA.  DECORATED WITH VARIOUS CARVINGS.
  6. 6.  1. TOMB OF SALIM CHISHTI.  2.TOMB OF NAWAB ISLAM KHAN (MUGHAL GENERAL)  3. JAMI MASJID.  4.DIVINGS’ WELL.  5.BULAND DARWAZA  6.OPEN COUTYARD.  7.BADSHAHI DARWAZA (KINGS’ GATE)  8.ABUL FAZLS’ AND FAIZIS’ HOUSE (VIZIER)
  7. 7. 1. BULAND DARWAZA, 2 TOMB OF NAWAB ISLAM KHAN, 3. TOMB OF SALIM CHISHTI, 6. COURTYARD
  8. 8.  BUILT DURING 1580-1581.  ORIGINALLY WAS BUILT IN RED STONE BUT LATER CHANGED IN WHITE MARBEL.  THE TOMB CONSIST OF A SQUARE EXTERIOR OF 24FT SIDE WHICH CONTAINS A MORTUARY CHAMBER OF 16FT SIDE, WHOLE COVERED BY A LOW DOME.
  9. 9.  WHOLE AREA COVERED BY A LOW DOME.  STONE JALI WITH GEOMETRICAL PATTERNS.  THE TOMB CONSIST OF: A: 48FT SQAURE B: 24FT SQAURE C: 16FT SQUARE.
  10. 10.  A.K.A GATE of MAGNIFICENCE.  TOOK 12 YEARS TO BUILT THE STRUCTURE.  BULAND MEANING “HIGH” IS A PROMINENT GATEWAY TO THE AREA.  BUILT TO COMMEMORATE VICTORY OVER GUJARAT IN 1601.
  11. 11.  TOTAL HEIGHT FROM GROUND LEVEL= 54 M
  12. 12.  THE STRUCTURE MAY BE RESOLVED INTO 2 ASPECTS, THE FORNTAL AND HIGHEST ASPECT FORMING THE FAÇADE WITH THE PORTAL AND THE BACK VIEW CONSISTING OF A LOWER AND PLAINER PORTION INTRUDING INTO THE MOSQUE COURTYARD.  WHOLE STRUCTURE MADE OF RED SAND STONE.
  13. 13.  COMPLETED IN1575 (IN 6 YRS), BY SEIKH SALIM CHISHTI  DOMES SUPPORTED ON SQUINCHES HERE CORBELLED PENDATIVES SUPPORT THE DOME
  14. 14.  19. JODHA BAI PALACE  27. MARIAM PALACE  28. PANCH MAHAL  31. DIWAN-I-AAM  35. DIWAN-I-KHAS  44.TANSEN BARADARI  26. ANUP TALAO  34. ASTROLOGERS’ SEAT  17. HOUSE OF BIRBAL
  15. 15.  LARGEST AND MOST IMPORTANT BUILDING.  RED STONE USED IN THE ENTIRE STRUCRURE.  CONSISTING OF MUGHAL AND HINDU ARCHITECTURE.  TRABEATED STRUCTURE.
  16. 16.  CARVINGS SHOWING HINDU AND ISLAMIC ARCHITECT URE  DECORATIV E BRACKETS
  17. 17.  THE BUILDING OF AKBARS’ WIFE SHOWING GUJARATI INFLUENCE AND IS BUILT AROUND A COURTYARD WITH SPECIAL CARE BEING TAKEN TO ENSURE PRIVACY.
  18. 18.  HALL OF PUBLIC AUDIENCE.  THE MOST IMPRESSIVE FEATURE OF THIS COMPLEX IS THE THRONE CHAMBER FACING EAST. IT IS SAID THAT IT WAS SO BUILT BEACAUSE OF AKBARS’ BELIEF IN “SUN WORSHIP”.
  19. 19.  THE HALL OF PRIVATE AUDIENCE/ THE HALL FOR THEOLOGICAL DISCUSSIONS THAT RESULTED IN THE BIRTH OF HIS NEW RELIGION “DIN-I-ILAHI”.
  20. 20.  LUXURIOUSLY EXTRAVAGANT STONE BRACKETS PLACED ON EACH OF THE KIOSKS FOUR OPENING.
  21. 21.  PILLARS AND ARCHES OF PLAIN MASONRY.  HAS 4 ROOMS ON GROUND FLOOR AND 2 ENTRANCE PORCHES WITH 2 DOMED CHAMBERS ON UPPER STOREY.
  22. 22.  BUILT BY AKBAR IN 1565 ON FOUNDATION OF AN OLDER FORT.
  23. 23.  EARLER KNOWN AS AKBARI GATE.  SMALL BASTIONS.THEIR LOWER PART ARE DIVIDED INTO OBLONG AND ARCHED PANNELS,COVERED WITH MULTI- COLOURED, GLAZED TILES HAVING GEOMETRICAL PATTERN.  SIMILAR TO DELHI GATE AND ALSO HAS DRAW BRIDGEOVER THE MOAT.  RED STONE USED.
  24. 24.  OLDEST BUILDING OF THE FORT.
  25. 25.  BUILT BY AKBAR IN1565-1569.  HAVE FOLLOWING FEATURES:-
  26. 26.  BUILT BY SHAH JAHAN .  CONSTRUCTED WITH PURE WHITE MABLE.
  27. 27.  MADE BY SHAH JAHAN IN 1631-1640  ALSO KNOWN AS ARAMGAH-I-MUQADDAR”.  RICHLY ORNAMENTED CEILINGS .

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