Doctoral open day_digital_research_session_Social_Sciences_BL


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Doctoral open day_digital_research_session_Social_Sciences_BL

  1. 1. Digital Research Aquiles Alencar-Brayner, Digital Curator @AquilesBrayner
  2. 2. Digital Scholarship at British Library “The production, use and integration of digital content, services and tools to facilitate scholarship and research. It allows research areas to be investigated in new ways, using new tools, leading to new discoveries and analysis to generate new understanding” Created in 2010, the department works to enable…. • production of digital content • sharing and integration of digital content • wider collaboration and contribution around digital content • complex analysis & facilitation of new discoveries -Adam Farquhar Head of Digital Scholarship 2
  3. 3. More than resource discovery… • Libraries and archives have spent the last two decades making digital assets and harvesting born-digital objects. • We can now do much more than use technology to discover these digital objects and embrace the opportunities afforded by an intellectual turn toward digitally-driven research • So digital research is about: – New tools – New discoveries – New understanding “The emergence of the new digital humanities [and social sciences] isn’t an isolated academic phenomenon. The institutional and disciplinary changes are part of a larger cultural shift, inside and outside the academy, a rapid cycle of emergence and convergence in technology and culture” Steven E Jones, Emergence of the Digital Humanities (2013) 3
  4. 4. Digital Libraries: 10 “in” rules 1.Integrity: access to digital object as it has been created 2.Integration: different contents and file formats available from a single platform 3.Interoperability: different programmes and operating systems compatible with each other 4.Instant access: unrestricted access to material, especially from mobile devices 5.Interaction: catalogues that provide Web 2.0 features (blogs, wikis, tags, content sharing, etc) 6.Information: comprehensive metadata for fast and reliable retrieval of content 7.Ingest of content: constant upload of new digital content 8. Interpretation: digital content placed in relation to other items in the collection 9.Innovation: material to be presented in innovative ways 10.Indefinite access: digital objects to be preserved for posterity 4
  5. 5. Scalability: how to filter, find and analyse the information I need? • How many data is generated in ONE day? 1. Twitter: 7 TB 2. Facebook: 10 TB • By 2020 we will have approximately 35 ZB (1.1 Trillion GB) of Data available 5
  6. 6. New Discoveries • British Library Mechanical Curator • Extracting specific information from large datasets: 65,000 digitise titles - 1,019,270 separate images or an average of 15.8 per volume, needing just over half a terabyte for storage. Currently, 614,000 of these have already been uploaded to Flickr 6
  7. 7. Analysis of born digital content • Ngram Viewer applied to Web Archive collections • Visualisation: Tag Cloud 7
  8. 8. Personal Digital Archive (PDA) • Extracting and archiving digital content from personal devices • Assist with capture, management, description, and preservation of personal digital collections to facilitate access and content analysis • Data analysis beyond documents 8
  9. 9. Web Based Tools: some examples • Wordle tool for generating “word clouds” from text that you provide. The clouds give greater prominence to words that appear more frequently in the source text. • Google Trends Look at search trends in Google. Browse by date, or look at top searches in different categories to see how it trended over time and location. • Google Public Data Explorer search through databases from around the world, including the World Bank, OECD, Eurostat and the U.S. Census Bureau. • Google Ngram Viewer search keywords in millions of books over the span of half a millennium, a useful tool for finding trends over time. Ngram Viewer also has advanced options, such as searching for particular keywords as specific parts of speech or combining keywords 9
  10. 10. New Discoveries • Crowd as a source – UK Sound Map • Open Access Software for Research: • 10
  11. 11. Task time During your break, find a flip-chart and consider one of the following questions: – What analytical tools(s) would you like to use/develop for your research? (Bronte Room / Jan – March) – What are the ethical considerations when using digital data? (Dickens Room / April – June) – Should all social science research be published openly? (Eliot Room / July – Sept) – How might computational methods change the nature of collaboration in the social sciences? (Chaucer Room / Oct – Dec) Be prepared to offer a short response which captures the thoughts of your group! 11
  12. 12. Thank you! @AquilesBrayner ( Follow the Digital Scholarship Blog: 12