WELCOME TO THE <br /> CULTURAL CAPITAL OF <br /> INDIA<br />KOLKATA<br />THE CITY OF JOY<br />By<br />MdAquib Jawed<br />
INTRODUCTION OF KOLKATA<br /> Till the 17th century, Calcutta was nothing more than a village. But, today it is one of the major metropolitan cities of India along with Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. The credit for its present status goes to the expansion plans of the European powers, especially the British Raj. Kolkata was once the capital city of British India and also the Gateway to India till 1912. It is a major commercial city consisting of big industrial plants and corporate houses.<br />
Average Rainfall 160 cm.</li></li></ul><li>HISTORY OF KOLKATA<br /><ul><li> Kolkata is not an ancient city like Delhi, with Its impressive relics of the past.
It's largely a British creation which dates back only some 300 years and was the capital of British India until the beginning of this century.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> In 1686, the British abandoned Hooghly, their trading post 38km up the Hooghly River from present-day Kolkata, and moved downriver to there small villages - Sutanati, Govindpur and Kailkata.
Much of the Kolkata's most enduring development took place between 1780 and 1820.
Latter in the 19th century, Bengal became an important centre in the struggle for Indian independence, and this was a major reason for the decision to transfer the capital to Delhi in 1911.</li></li></ul><li>POPULATION<br /><ul><li> According to the 2011 census report of West Bengal, the population of Kolkata as on 1st March, 2011 was 44.86 lakh while it was 45.72 lakh in 2001.
As 2011 census measured </li></ul>67.68% of the population in Kolkata is Hindu, 30.27% Muslim and 0.88% Christian. Other minorities such as Sikhs, Buddhist, Jews and Zoroastrian constitute the rest of the city's population.<br />
HOW TO REACH<br />Air: Kolkata is home to the N.S.C. International airport at Dumdum. Regular flights to rest of India and world are available here.<br />Rail: Howrah and Sealdah are the two major railway station, which are very well connected to the other parts of the country.<br />Road: Kolkata, being among the top metros of India, is connected to the rest of India by excellent road network.<br />
TOURIST ARRIVALS <br />FOREIGN TOURIST- 1.3 Million (2010) <br />DOMESTIC TOURIST- 4.6 Million (2010)<br />
Political structure <br />MS. MAMTA BANERJEE <br />IS THE PRESENT CHIEF <br />MINISTER OF WEST BENGAL<br />Kolkata is an important industrial city<br />Jute , silk ,rice , paper & chemicals are the <br />Main industries in Kolkata.<br />