The skills of reproducing realistic effects in all media were developed. eg- Marble, Oil on canvas, etching etc.
Baroque mingled what was real with what was only apparent – created a feeling of illusion .
Made use of contrast colours to heighten the dramatic effect .
In Baroque painting, the eye is given only a few points of rests – one form leads to another.
Even the atmosphere participates in the drama. (A theatrical effect)
In reproducing scenes of martyrdom less use or physical effects like torn limbs were shown, instead spiritual exaltation was shown in their faces, as painting was religious
Key Words of Baroque Art and Architecture
- Decadent - Sensual
- Ornamented - Opulent
- Dynamic - Extravagant
- Brilliant - Versatile
- Colorful - Turbulent
- Theatrical - Expensive
- Passionate - Institutional
Famous Artists –
Time is important
Action explicit and convincing
Depicting very moment
Matter in motion through space, time and light
Energy and action waiting to happen.
‘ David’ by Donatello, Michealiengelo, & Bernini
Calling of St. Mathew Artist – Caravaggio Year - 1599-1600 Type - Oil on canvas Dimensions - 322 cm × 340 cm (127 in × 130 in)
“ The Elevation of the Cross” by Peter Paul Reubens 1610-11
Rubens The Descent from the Cross Artist - Peter Paul Rubens Year - 1612-1614 Type - Oil on panel Dimensions - 420.5 cm × 320 cm
Self portrait (1640) Rembrandt
Self portrait (1658)
“ Self-Portrait” Rembrandt van Rijn, 1660
Self portrait 1669
“ Girl with a Pearl Earring” Artist – Johannes Vermeer Year – 1665 Type - Oil on canvas Dimensions - 44.5 cm × 39 cm (17.5 in × 15 in)
ROCOCO 18 th Century
Rococo art, flourished in France and Germany in the early 18th century.
Was in many respects a continuation of the baroque, particularly in the use of light and shadow and compositional movement
Rejected the traditional themes of heroes and mythology.
Focused on representing the carefree life characteristic of the aristocratic patrons of the arts.
Derived from the French word, rocaille , or pebbles, referring to the stones & shells used to decorate the interior of caves.
As the seventeenth century ended and the eighteenth century began, France emerged as the strongest, wealthiest, nation in Europe.
Paris, its capital, became the center of the art world.
The early 18th cen. saw a resurgence in aristocratic social, political & economic power. (the great age of aristocracy)
With the reign of Louis XV, the sparkling gaiety cultivated in the new age, found perfectly harmonious in the Rococo style.
Rococo, it is a softer style that expresses free, graceful movement, playful use of line and delicate colors .
During the reign of Louis XV in France, The Rococo may be thought of as the ‘feminine’ version of the Baroque.
The Rococo Style is lighter in scale, rooms are smaller, and there is a reliance of silver and gold gilding not only on the walls but on the ceiling decoration.
The Rococo is a style of the interior rather than an architectural one.
Pastel colors are used, and there is an all over patterning of lightly scaled undulating motifs.
Although space layout was symmetrical, the applied decoration was asymmetrical
Definition of Rococo
An eighteenth century art style which placed emphasis on portraying the carefree life of the aristocracy rather than on grand heroes or pious martyrs
Love and romance were considered to be better subjects for art than historical or religious subjects
The style was characterized by a free, graceful movement; a playful use of line; and delicate colors
Genre painting came back into favor when the Academy admitted Watteau to its ranks in 1717 on the presentation of this work, the subject of which was so novel that the term "fête galante" was coined to describe it
The French Rococo exteriors was most often simple, or even plain, but Rococo exuberance took over interiors (designed as lively total works of art – alternating gilded moldings, vivacious relief sculptures, & daintily colored ornament of flowers & garlands- must have harmonized with the chamber music played in them, with elaborate costumes of satin & brocade, & with equally elegant etiquette & sparkling wit of the people who graced them.
Jean Honoré Fragonard
“ The French Theater” Jean-Antoine Watteau, 1714
“ The Pleasures of Life” Jean-Antoine Watteau, 1718
Wall Clock “ Love Conquering Time” Charles Cressent 1740
“ Fire Dog” Fran ç ois-Thomas Germain 1757
It was a reaction of nobility against classical baroque which had been imposed at Versailles by Louis XIV
Style of the aristocracy: it revealed a taste for what is clear and elegant, refined and gallant
Life without worry, closely related to nature
Its influence on French architecture is limited, yet it reaches Germany where it finds favorable ground
The 1789 French Revolution interrupted the development of Rococo
Rococo was eventually replaced by Neoclassicism, which was the popular style of the American and French revolutions