Sickle cell anemia is an autosome linked recessive trait that can be transmitted from parents to the offspring when
both the partners are carrier for the gene (or heterozygous). The disease is controlled by a single pair of allele, HbA
and HbS. Out of the three possible genotypes only homozygous individuals for HbS (HbS, HbS) show the diseased phenotype. The ability to predict the clinical course of SCD during pregnancy is difficult. It is mandatory to follow up the patient closely from the very beginning i.e. from preconception to antenatal till labor. SCD is associated with both maternal and fetal complications and is associated with an increased incidence of perinatal mortality, premature
labor, fetal growth restriction and acute painful crises during pregnancy.